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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Our rights matter too: sexual and reproductive health and rights of young key populations in Asia and the Pacific

    This regional report for Asia and the Pacific, provides an overview of the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) needs, issues, and priorities of young key populations (YKP), i.e. young men who have sex with men, young transgender people, young people injecting drugs, young people who sell sex, and young people living with HIV. The report addresses the gaps in knowledge on the SRHR needs of YKP in the region, offers recommendations based on a regional study, and contributes essential information for policy and advocacy efforts.

  2. Human rights and the HIV response: a rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response

    Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people who inject drugs (PWID) and lesbian, and gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant human rights violations which underpin the continued high HIV incidence in these populations. This rapid assessment of human rights violations in Eastern and southern Africa focuses on three priority key populations – PWSS, LGBTI (including MSM), and PWID. The report outlines the normative international treaties that establish a basis for a human rights framework for the HIV response.

  3. Sri Lanka advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Sri Lanka to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programmes as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  4. Bhutan advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bhutan to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  5. Bangladesh advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bangladesh to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  6. Best practices guidance in conducting HIV research with gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in rights-constrained environments

    This guidance is jointly developed by UNDP, amfAR’s MSM Initiative, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI), and The John Hopkins University-Center for Public Health and Human Rights (JHU-CPHHR). This guidance has been developed for both researchers and community-based organizations in rights-constrained environments. …

  7. Sex Between Men in Your City. A situational analysis of community rsponses to sexual health and HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in six metrepolitan cities in developed Asia

    While developed countries in Asia are experiencing a low-level HIV epidemic prevalence is much higher in specific populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, and people who use drugs. Many MSM and transgender people report discrimination which limits their access to health services and many other areas such as education, employment and legal services. …

  8. Human rights considerations in addressing HIV among men who have sex with men. Technical brief

    This AIDSTAR-One technical brief provides a systematic global review and synthesis of practical approaches, program examples, and resources to support human rights as a core element of HIV programming for MSM. The brief complements and is aligned with other global and regional publications that have relevance to human rights, health programming, HIV, and MSM. This document gives an overview of U.S. …

  9. Universal access from vulnerability to resilience: the Latin American and Caribbean strategic framework for strengthening national responses to HIV for gay men, other MSM and trans people

    This Regional Strategic Framework focuses on three core issues that are of utmost importance for the realization of the MDG 6 in Latin America and the Caribbean: evidence, human rights and capacity. Effective responses to HIV epidemics require robust and reliable information about who is affected by HIV and about what works in prevention and care. Effective responses also require attention to stigma and discrimination, which continue to undermine commitments and responses from both affected populations and community leaders. …

  10. HIV Prevention Report Card for MSM and Transgender People: Cambodia

    This Report Card summarizes the current situation of HIV prevention strategies and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in Cambodia and aims to support efforts to increase and improve the programmatic, policy and funding actions taken on HIV prevention. The research analyzes four key components that are widely recognized to be essential for effective action on HIV prevention for key populations: Legal and social context, availability of services, accessibility of services, and participation and rights. …

  11. Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and transgender people

    The Guidelines focus on the prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. They include evidence-based recommendations, the summary and grading of evidence, implementation issues and key research gaps. Although the focus of this guidance is on low- and middle-income countries, WHO recommends that this guidance be available for MSM and transgender people in high-income countries as well. …

  12. Addressing the Needs of young Men who have Sex with Men

    Groups of men who have sex with men (MSM) are not uniform throughout the Southeast Asian region. As the groups vary, their need of health coverage, social acceptance and information varies. This Brief claims that design of policies, programs and advocacies must be tailored to the local context. There are several factors to take into consideration; age, urban/rural, social context and laws that criminalize certain behaviors. One of the major issues is how to approach young MSM who, in several countries, are in desperate need of treatment and counseling. …

  13. Legal Environments, Human Rights and HIV Responses among Men who have Sex with Men and transgender People in Asia and the Pacific: An Agenda for Action

    The Asia Pacific region is truly at a critical moment in its response to HIV. One of the biggest and most immediate challenges is confronting the rapidly rising rates of infection among men who have sex with men and transgender people. This in a region already mired in long-running challenges from legal and social barriers that inhibit effective programming and resource allocation, and from deep-rooted stigma in health care settings. Urgent action is required. …

  14. Desafíos y Lecciones Aprendidas: Prevención de las ITS, el VIH y el SIDA entre hombres gay y otros hombres que tienen sexo con hombres en América Latina y el Caribe latino

    La materia prima de este manual son los resultados del taller regional Desafíos en el Trabajo de Prevención para Hombres Gay y otros Hombres que tienen Sexo con Hombres, que se realizó en la Ciudad de Guatemala a finales de 2003; y el esfuerzo, creatividad, experiencia y voluntad de los 35 participantes, provenientes de 15 países de América Latina. Este documento sistematiza las experiencias allí compartidas. …

  15. Diagnóstico Nacional de Recursos en VIH y Sida y Derechos Humanos para la Diversidad Sexual

    Evaluación de la respuesta nacional de Guatemala al VIH/SIDA en relación a hombres que tienen sexo con hombres (HSH). Se destacan los problemas de cobertura y marginación de este grupo. Se analiza tanto la respuesta del Estado como de la sociedad civil. El trabajo está hecho en base a entrevistas a grupos y organizaciones de HSH.

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