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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for people living with HIV/AIDS who interact with the media

    These guidelines were developed to provide leaders of PLHA organisations with user-friendly recommendations on training for PLHAs, to strengthen their media advocacy roles in HIV/AIDS stigma-mitigation. Additional sets of guidelines are available for the faith and national government workplace sectors. …

  2. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    These guidelines were developed to provide faith leaders, HIVAIDS committees,people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in the faith community and opinion leaders within the faith-based sector with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create an environment free of HIV/AIDS stigma. Additional guidelines for PLHAs and media, and the national government workplace sector, are also available. The guidelines are not exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with other guideline Siyam'kela documents produced on HIV/AIDS and stigma.

  3. Siyam'kela Research Report: A report on the fieldwork leading up to the development of HIV/AIDS stigma indicators and guidelines

    The focus of this report is on:the findings that informed the development of indicators for internal and external stigmathe findings that informed the development of guidelines to assist those who wish to develop interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigmathe qualitative exploration of stigma experiences and perceptions in focus groups.The collection of HIV/AIDS stigma experiences and perceptions involved a group of 182 participants who participated in 23 focus groups (conducted across all nine provinces of South Africa) and 11 in-depth interviews. …

  4. Righting Stigma: Exploring a rights-based approach to addressing stigma

    This report summarises the findings from the Tswelopele Research Project from the AIDS and Human Rights Research Unit at the University of Pretoria. In an attempt to delve deeper into the data and research, authors were commissioned to focus on the human rights aspects arrising from the original project report and to further explore their implications. The report focuses on the following:the initial Tswelopele Report;gender;diclosure in the context of stigma;Voluntary counselling and testingsocial grants; andaccess to health care.

  5. Promoting young people's sexual and reproductive health: stigma, discrimination and human rights

    In 1999, the UK Department for International Development (DfID) funded a major programme of research into young people's sexual and reproductive health in poorer country settings.Coordinated jointly by the Centre for Sexual Health Research at the University of Southampton, the Thomas Coram Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London and the Centre for Population Studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the principal objectives of the Safe Passages to Adulthood programme are to: - fill key knowledge gaps relating to the nature, magnitude and consequen …

  6. Promising Practice of Stigma-mitigation Efforts from across South Africa. Reflections from: faith-based organisations, the workplace and people living with HIV/AIDS who interact with the media

    Promising practices from the three focus areas have a crucial role to play in offering leadership, vision, direction and inspiration in stigma mitigation. Faith-based organisations are important institutions in shaping values and attitudes to vulnerable people in society as well as developing appropriate and compassionate responses to social challenges. Government departments, both as employers of large numbers of South Africans and as providers of services to the population at large, are able to model exemplary policies and programmes around HIV/AIDS stigma. …

  7. HIV/AIDS stigma and human rights: a localised investigation of Hammanskraal communities. A report of the Tswelopele Research Project of the Centre for the Study of AIDS

    The link between HIV/AIDS and human rights became apparent early on in the HIV/AIDS epidemic through the increased vulnerability of infection of some groups. HIV/AIDS is a human rights issue because groups that are already vulnerable to human rights violations - such as women, children, sex workers, and those living in poverty - are unable to realise their rights. …

  8. HIV/AIDS Stigma Resource Pack

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic is a health problem in which the disease impacts not only on the physical health of individuals, but also on their social identity, making it different from most other fatal diseases. It was first associated with gay men, drug users and sex workers, individuals and groups already carrying the burden of societal stigmatisation. This created conditions to further marginalise and violate rights, and most importantly, to create perceptions that HIV/AIDS was a problem of 'others'. In South Africa this had a further racial dimension. …

  9. Siyam'kela measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. HIV/AIDS stigma indicators: A tool for measuring the progress of HIV/AIDS stigma mitigation

    This document outlines proposed indicators of HIV/AIDS stigma, specifically focussing on internal and external stigma. Before the indicators are presented some key terms are defined. This is followed by an overview of the research approach which highlights the research process undertaken to develop these indicators.The Siyam'kela Project is a joint endeavour of the POLICY Project, the Centre for the Study of AIDS at the University of Pretoria, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and the Chief Directorate: HIV/AIDS and TB, National Department of Health. …

  10. Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia

    The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), in partnership with organizations in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia, led a study of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in these three countries. This project, conducted from April 2001 to September 2003, unraveled the complexities around stigma by investigating the causes, manifestations and consequences of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  11. Protocole pour l'identification de la discrimination à l'égard des personnes vivant avec le VIH

    The scope of this protocol encompasses the legal definition of discrimination as well as the identification and elimination of arbitrary discrimination -as defined by a range of important international instruments. Designed to assist National AIDS Programmes and others in detecting arbitrary discrimination, the protocol also serves as an effective human rights tool and a means of enforcing measures against such discrimination. Sources of arbitrary discrimination, and the criteria for assessing their existence, are outlined together with a detailed inductive methodology. The protocol also includes questionnaires for the assessment of arbitrary discrimination and for direct witness/key informant interviews, as well as checklists and orientation programmes for investigators.

  12. Comparative analysis: research studies from India and Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material succinctly describes and compares findings from studies, conducted in India and Uganda, of the nature, determinants and effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial. …

  13. Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material describes the findings from a study of the nature, determinants and the effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatization and denial in Uganda. …

  14. India: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material describes the findings from a study of the nature, determinants and the effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatization and denial in India. …

  15. HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and agenda for action

    Internationally, there has been a recent resurgence of interest in HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, triggered at least in part by growing recognition that negative social responses to the epidemic remain pervasive even in seriously affected communities. Yet, rarely are existing notions of stigma and discrimination interrogated for their conceptual adequacy and their usefulness in leading to the design of effective programmes and interventions. …

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