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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. WASH in schools: three star approach

    Healthy learners are better learners. The foundations of health should be laid down in every school – among which are water, sanitation and hygiene or WASH. Addressing WASH in Schools prevents the most common illnesses among school-age children, develops positive behavior and life skills and helps them to learn better and thrive – ultimately affirming their right to health and education. This is the rationale behind the Department of Education WinS Policy and Guidelines (DepEd Order No. 10, s. …

  2. Snapshot of WASH in schools in Eastern and Southern Africa: A review of data, evidence and inequities in the region

    This snapshot report provides an overview of the data available in the region to guide the WASH in schools sub-sector back on track in Eastern and Southern Africa. The report outlines the current coverage of WASH in Schools for each country in the region, as well as provides a baseline for tracking national policy environments to encourage working at scale.

  3. Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): A feasibility study

    Management of menstruation can present substantial challenges to girls in low-income settings. In preparation for a menstrual hygiene intervention to reduce school absenteeism in Uganda, this study aimed to investigate menstruation management practices, barriers and facilitators, and the influence of menstruation on school absenteeism among secondary school students in a peri-urban district of Uganda. …

  4. Reducing transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in school settings: A framework for national and local planning and response

    Experience with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in many countries has demonstrated the importance in some communities of schools in amplifying transmission of the pandemic virus – both within schools and the wider community. Transmission of epidemic seasonal influenza in school settings is well documented and can be explosive and fast moving, affecting a sizeable proportion of students and staff. Infection within schools is of considerable concern to parents as well as decision makers. A variety of options for reducing infection within schools are available and discussed in this document. …

  5. National hand hygiene behaviour change strategy 2016-2020

    According to WHO 2012 estimates, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) was responsible for 842 000 annual deaths from diarrhoea and 15% of the Global Burden of Disease in Disability- Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). In South Africa, diarrhoea and respiratory infections are a major public health problem, and are amongst the top causes of death in children. Respiratory and diarrhoeal infections are ranked the 2nd and 3rd leading causes of death amongst the under-5 population, and the 3rd and 4th biggest killers in children between ages 5-14 years. …

  6. Helping children cope with stress during the 2019-nCoV outbreak

    Helping children cope with stress during the 2019-nCoV outbreak

  7. New directions for assessing menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in schools: A bottom-up approach to measuring program success

    This dispatch aims to share lessons learned from the process of developing instruments to measure school participation, stress, and self-efficacy – outcomes that qualitatively link to girls’ experiences managing menstruation in school.

  8. Guidelines on prevention of communicable diseases in schools / kindergartens / kindergartens-cum-child care centres / child care centres

    Effective prevention of communicable diseases in schools/centres not only safeguard the health of children and staff by minimising the harm caused by the diseases, but also ensure a delightful learning environment to support the healthy development of children. It is incumbent on every school/centre staff to learn how to prevent communicable diseases. We intend to provide some practical information on infection prevention measures in this set of guidelines for those working in schools/centres. …

  9. Scaling up group handwashing in schools: Compendium of group washing facilities across the globe

    This publication is a collection of exemplary designs for group washing facilities. It is intended as an introduction to the topic and the concept of group handwashing, as well as the principles and the basic requirements for facilities. It is not a detailed step-by-step guide on how to plan or construct facilities. Rather it is intended as an inspiration and motivation for school communities to construct and use group washing facilities in schools and to present possible designs for different settings and contexts. …

  10. Considerations for school-related public health measures in the context of COVID-19: Annex to Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19

    In response to COVID-19, countries around the world have implemented several public health and social measures (PHSM), such as movement restrictions, closure of schools and businesses, and international travel restrictions. As the local epidemiology of the disease changes, countries will adjust (i.e. loosen or reinstate) these measures according to the intensity of transmission. WHO has issued guidance on adjusting PHSM while managing the risk of resurgence of cases. …

  11. Knowledge map: WASH in schools and Coronavirus

    The WASH in Schools Network (UNICEF, GIZ, Save the Children, WATERAID; Emory, LSHTM, among others) has compiled this knowledge map with links to relevant materials about COVID-19 for learners, their families and the education system. The map is intended for the time when schools are closed and in preparation for re-opening of schools. We want to help you navigate through the jungle of information about COVID-19,specifically its relevance for the school community. …

  12. No chance for Corona: How kids can help beat the virus

    This comic strip provides young people between the ages of 10 and 14 with information about the coronavirus and other preventative hygiene measures.

  13. The precocious period: the impact of early menarche on schooling in India

    Improvements in childhood nutrition increase schooling and economic returns in later life in a virtuous cycle. However, better nutrition also leads to an earlier onset of menstruation (menarche). In socio-cultural contexts where menarche adversely affects educational attainments, early menarche can thus break the virtuous cycle of girls’ human development. This paper focuses on one such context, India, and uses the Young Lives Longitudinal Study to show that starting menses before age twelve causes a 13% decrease in school enrollment rate. …

  14. Water, sanitation, and primary school attendance: a multi-level assessment of determinants of household-reported absence in Kenya

    This cross-sectional analysis examined the influence of school and household water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions on recent primary school absence in light of other individual, household, and school characteristics in western Kenya. School latrine cleanliness was the only school WASH factor associated with reduced odds of absence. The marginal effect of household characteristics, such as distance to water source, child involvement in water collection, and presence of a latrine, differed by gender. …

  15. Girls' empowerment through Education and Health (ASPIRE) Activity: final report, December 17, 2014-December 16, 2018

    USAID/Malawi launched the Girls’ Empowerment through Education and Health (ASPIRE) Activity in December 2014, beginning a bold cross-sector investment to improve the achievement of girls in upper primary and secondary school in Malawi. USAID’s investment in ASPIRE recognized that for girls’ to achieve academic success, they must enter and stay in school, be learning and safe while in school, and be healthy and supported by their community at all times. Output 1: Reading skills for girls in upper primary school improved. …

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