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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Assessment of comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge level among in-school adolescents in eastern Ethiopia

    This study tries to assess the level of comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS and the factors associated with it among in-school adolescents in eastern Ethiopia. The reason for this study is that there are more adolescents in school today, in Ethiopia, than ever before. This is a cross-sectional school-based study in which respondents were students attending regular school in 14 high schools located in 14 different districts of eastern Ethiopia. The proportion of in-school adolescents with comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge was computed and compared by sex. …

  2. Perceptions, attitudes et pratiques face au VIH/SIDA dans les universités de Ouagadougou, de Bobo-Dioulasso et de Koudougou : la réponse de l'intelligentsia burkinabe est-elle adéquate ?

    La présente recherche réalisée au sein des universités de Ouagadougou, de Bobo-Dioulasso et de Koudougou, analyse les perceptions, les attitudes et les pratiques des universitaires face au VIH/Sida et leur réponse en matière de lutte contre ce phénomène.

  3. Key Findings from the Zambia HIV Prevention information needs assessment

    The Southern African HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with support from the Knowledge for Health (K4Health) project, conducted a series of national HIV information needs assessments in southern Africa to support the planning and development of a regional knowledge management program. This program aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention across the region. …

  4. Culturally-adapted and audio-technology assisted HIV/AIDS awareness and education program in rural Nigeria: a cohort study

    This prospective, 14-week cohort study sought to identify changes in HIV knowledge using a culturally-adapted, technology assisted educational approach in three rural Nigerian villages. One group of people were given seminar-based education, while another were given a portable, digial audio technology-based educational program, which drew on the rural culture of oral learning. The majority of the participants were Muslim (99%), male (53.3%) and lacked formal education (55%). HIV knowledge was improved by a larger degree in the technology facilitated group than the seminar-based group. …

  5. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission among the adolescent girls in slum areas

    This cross sectional study in the Solapur Municipal Corporation (Western Maharashtra) looked at 400 adolescent girls' knowledge on HIV/AIDS. Simple random sampling was used to identify the respondents. Data was gathered through interviews. When compared to a study conducted among adolescents in South Delhi and another among youth in Vadodara district, India (McManus & Dhar, 2008; Kotecha et al. 2011), a larger percentage of girls did not know how HIV is transmitted (54.25% versus 33% and 19.2% respectively). …

  6. HIV/AIDS knowledge and behaviour: have information campaigns reduced HIV infection? The case of Kenya

    AIDS continues to have a devastating effect on developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of a proven effective vaccine to stop HIV transmission has led to much of public policy putting an emphasis on information campaigns in order to reduce HIV-prevalence. In this paper we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS-knowledge from two sides. First, we examine to what extent the campaigns have been successful at inducing the expected behavioural change with regards to HIV-related attitudes. Second, we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS knowledge on HIV status. …

  7. Evaluation of school health promotion HIV/AIDS in Manus Province: is it effective or not effective

    Information, education and communication are the avenues that can be used to inform people about the spread, impact and prevention of HIV/AIDS. Through the assistance of the NAC, Manus has been fortunate in the delivery of health promotion on HIV/AIDS via these different avenues and by targeting different audiences. For instance, every year the town schools participate in celebrating the World AIDS day and theatre groups perform in schools with funds allocated for by the Provincial AIDS office. …

  8. Does Swaziland have enough Information Education Communication (IEC) material on HIV/AIDS targeting children? Research findings on IEC material available for children in Swaziland

    The aim of this study was to investigate the availability of HIV/AIDS Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials to children. The specific objectives were to: conduct a desktop review of available IEC materials; solicit the knowledge bese of children on HIV/AIDS; determine the available IEC materials and their content; find out what IEC materials are developed and used by various organisations working in HIV/AIDS.

  9. UNAIDS Terminology Guidelines

    This list of UNAIDS preferred terminology has been developed for use by staff members, colleagues in the programme's ten cosponsoring organizations, and other partners working in the global response to HIV. Language shapes beliefs and may influence behaviours. Considered use of appropriate language has the power to strengthen the global response to the epidemic. UNAIDS is pleased to make this list of preferred terminology freely available. It is a living, evolving document that is reviewed on a regular basis.

  10. Advocacy and IEC programmes and strategies

    This booklet describes the fourteen countries' responses to address the problems faced by adolescents by showing the various programmes and activities that the countries are carrying out. Each of the programme included describes the target audiences reached, the scope, type of organizations involved, their objectives, strategies used, outputs or results of such programmes and impact. After describing the overall programme details, this bookelt zeroes in on the advocacy and IEC strategies which have been used. …

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