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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Women living with HIV speak out against violence: A collection of essays and reflections of women living with and affected by HIV

    Violence against women and girls is an unacceptable violation of basic human rights. It also is so widespread that ending it must be a global public health priority. An estimated one in three women is beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused by an intimate partner during her lifetime. Intimate partner violence has been shown to increase the risk of HIV infection by around 50%, and violence (and the fear of violence) deters women and girls from seeking services for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.

  2. Lessons learned from a review of interventions for adolescent and young key populations in Asia Pacific and opportunities for programming

    BACKGROUND: Over a third of new HIV infections globally are among 15-24 year-olds and over 20% among adolescents aged 10-19 years in Asia Pacific. The review was initiated to identify interventions in the region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP) looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery. The review is a component of a more comprehensive review undertaken by UNICEF and partners in the region. METHODS:This was a desk review of over 1000 articles, and 37 were selected. …

  3. HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV

    Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents — especially girls — who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence. …

  4. Methadone maintenance treatment and mortality in HIV-positive people who inject opiods in China

    The objective of the study was to examine the effect of methadone maintenance treatement on mortality in people who inject opiods and who also recieve ART for the treatment of HIV in China. The study took place between December 3, 2002 and December 31, 2011. Mortality, disease and treatment characteristics were compared in patients who received either ART and MMT or only ART. Overall, mortaliy 6 months after starting ART was lwer with ART and MMT than with only ART. …

  5. New Treatment gives hope to East Africa's drug users

    This article is about the national methadone project launched in the United Republic of Tanzania -- the first mainland sub-Saharan country to launch such a program -- as part of a battle to fight heroin addiction and HIV infection. Heroin users contribute to the HIV pandemic in Tanzania by needle sharing, therefore, the idea behind the methadone project is to safely ween heroin users off of the drug. The program is funded by the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, as a response to Tanzania's growing epidemic of people who inject drugs. …

  6. Youth and the Global HIV Pandemic: Reaching Key Affected Populations and Empowering a Generation

    This article provides statistics which show how and why HIV prevalence among young people is falling. The article shows statistics in different regions and countries of the world where young people are living with HIV. Then, the article gives statistics about what kind of young people are at higher risk of HIV: sex workers, homosexuals, and injecting drug users. The article explains, through statistics, what is fueling the epidemic and what programs can work. …

  7. Talk about AIDS

    This booklet provides statements on specific topics to facilitate discussion among stakeholders in Asia and the Pacific on issues affecting key populations vulnerable to HIV infection. These are: 1. Injecting drug users; 2. Sex workers and their clients; 3. Men who have sex with men; 4. Young people and children; 5. Mobile populations; 6. People living with HIV; 7. Children orphaned and affected by AIDS; 8. Women.

  8. Understanding the focus on young people from key affected populations in concentrated and low prevalence HIV epidemics

    This course has been developed to provide guidance around youth-specific HIV programming and support staff working across the Asia Pacific region to meet the specific needs and rights of young people from key affected populations. …

  9. Prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS among drug using populations: a global perspective

    This document is the report of the consultation meeting "Prevention and Treatment of HIV/AIDS Among drug Using Populations: A Global Perspective" held in Washington, D.C: on January 11-12. The overarching goal of the meeting was to advance understanding of the global HIV and substance abuse epidemics and highlight the importance of including drug abusers - particularly injection drug users (IDUs) - in any comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to HIV prevention and treatment. …

  10. Technical guide for countries to set targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care for injecting drug users

    This document provides technical guidance to countries on setting ambitious, but achievable national targets for scaling up towards universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care for injecting drug users (IDUs). This technical guide provides countries with: A framework and process to set national targets; a comprehensive package of core interventions for IDUs; a set of indicators and indicative targets to be used to set programmatic objectives, and advice on how to monitor and evaluate HIV interventions for IDUs.

  11. Prevención del VIH en emergencias: mensajes claves

    Este folleto está pensado como una herramienta de prevención y contiene una serie de mensajes claves para divulgar en caso de emergencias o conflictos armados, con un diseño gráfico simple, que permite convertir cada grupo de mensajes en una hoja volante, a ser distribuída por voluntarios. …

  12. Teacher Education Manual on HIV Prevention and Response. Pilot version

    The present document Teacher education manual on HIV prevention and response is a regional pilot version designed by UNESCO Jakarta office in 2007. This manual is primarily intended for lecturers in teacher education programmes and their students, but also for education planners, head teachers and teachers. To prevent children and young adults from developing risk behaviours it is important that universities and other teacher education institutions incorporate HIV prevention and response in the entire teacher education program. …

  13. Toolkit for targeted HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sex work settings

    This toolkit was published in 2005 by the WHO. This toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings. The purpose of this toolkit is to make both published and unpublished information more accessible to a wider audience, and so to contribute to global efforts to develop and scale up effective HIV interventions in sex work settings. Most of the items in this toolkit focus on HIV prevention in such settings. Less information is available on treatment, care and support for sex workers living with HIV. …

  14. HIV and AIDS Education and Prevention Plan 2008-2012

    This report presents a 4-year plan for HIV and AIDS Education and Prevention in Ireland for the period 2008-2012. Chapter 1 of this report explores the international context of HIV and AIDS prevention, outlining key international Declarations of Commitment and policy developments. A number of national strategy documents from a selection of high-income countries are reviewed in relation to the core principles and key actions guiding their national-level responses to HIV and AIDS prevention. …

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