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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Lessons learned from a review of interventions for adolescent and young key populations in Asia Pacific and opportunities for programming

    BACKGROUND: Over a third of new HIV infections globally are among 15-24 year-olds and over 20% among adolescents aged 10-19 years in Asia Pacific. The review was initiated to identify interventions in the region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP) looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery. The review is a component of a more comprehensive review undertaken by UNICEF and partners in the region. METHODS:This was a desk review of over 1000 articles, and 37 were selected. …

  2. Drug abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention through mass media, NGOs and civil society organizations

    Project RER/H37 Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS Prevention through Mass Media, NGOs and Civil Society (2004-2007) aimed to mobilize the efforts of governments, the media, and civil society organizations to produce an expanded and concerted response to drug abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Central Asia. …

  3. Good Practice in Asia: Targeted HIV Prevention for IDU and Sex Workers

    This document aims to present the major achievements of Preventing HIV Project targeted in Vietnam, including case studies and lessons to be shared. It illustrates the involvement of local government, support to policy change, local innovative practices and behavioral changes among high risk populations, particularly injecting drug users and sex workers. The descriptions of practical examples are aimed at the rising numbers of providers of HIV prevention services. The project and paper reflect the good cooperation between Vietnam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC), U.K. …

  4. Law, policy and HIV in Asia and the Pacific: Implications on the vulnerability of men who have sex with men, female sex workers and injecting drug users

    HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and surveillance among most-at-risk-populations (MARP) are impacted by national laws and policies. Laws criminalizing behaviours of most-at-risk populations, as well as the absence of protective policies and laws (for example, harm reduction policies, national HIV policies, HIV laws, and constitutional and international provisions supporting human rights) all act as barriers to effective HIV interventions, thus increasing the vulnerability of these groups. …

  5. End project evaluation for GFATM community based drop-in-centre for street children project, implemented by PAVHNA in Karachi

    The National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) has registered 4047 cases of HIV and 455 cases of AIDS till December 2007. In Pakistan, the epidemic has been registered as concentrated with HIV prevalence among intravenous drug users above 5%. The overall objective of the component under evaluation of Round 2 GFATM (Global Fund for AIDS, Tubercolosis and Malaria) proposal was to improve knowledge of HIV transmission among street children of Karachi from baseline of 5% to 60% by 2006. …

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