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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Women living with HIV speak out against violence: A collection of essays and reflections of women living with and affected by HIV

    Violence against women and girls is an unacceptable violation of basic human rights. It also is so widespread that ending it must be a global public health priority. An estimated one in three women is beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused by an intimate partner during her lifetime. Intimate partner violence has been shown to increase the risk of HIV infection by around 50%, and violence (and the fear of violence) deters women and girls from seeking services for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.

  2. Informe nacional de avances en la respuesta al VIH y el SIDA. Periodo reportado: Enero 2013 - Diciembre 2013

    El informe 2014 presenta un panorama general de los avances en la respuesta de México a la epidemia del VIH, conforme a los compromisos internacionales adoptados por el país en la Declaración Política sobre el VIH y el sida 2011; intensificando nuestros esfuerzos para eliminar la epidemia del VIH y el sida, aprobada en Reunión de Alto Nivel de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas y por los países miembros el 10 de junio de 2011, documento basado en la Declaración de Compromiso sobre el VIH y el sida (2001) y en la Declaración Política sobre el VIH y el sida (2006).

  3. Uso de drogas y VIH: Documento de trabajo con orientaciones para la intervención y la investigación

    La mayor parte de la información sobre prevalencia de infecciones transmitidas por sangre o sexualmente en usuarios de drogas de la Argentina es en la población de usuarios de drogas inyectables, aunque también existen estudios que dan cuenta de diversas infecciones entre usuarios de drogas no inyectables. Existe interacción entre consumidores de drogas por diferentes vías por lo que es necesario no limitar el trabajo preventivo a las personas que se inyectan drogas. …

  4. HIV prevention among vulnerable populations: the Pathfinder International approach

    This publication provides a background in the risks faced by populations especially vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. The document outlines strategies effective in prevention of HIV and AIDS among sex workers, men who have sex with other men, and injecting drug users. Programs described include peer education, comprehensive health services and quality of treatment, provider referral networks, and in-service training and sensitization.

  5. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  6. Declaration of the consultation of the Americas 2012 Ministers of Education: "A new culture of health in the school context"

    This meeting brought together the Ministers of Education and other health and education experts from fifteen Latin American and Caribbean countries to exchange experiences and successful practices that address four priority areas: obesity, lack of physical activity, substance abuse, and sexual and reproductive health.

  7. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2013-2018

    Three overarching goals form the basis of the National Strategic Plan 2013-2018. These are: To reduce the incidence of HIV infections in Trinidad and Tobago; To mitigate the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on persons living with HIV and affected by HIV and AIDS in Trinidad and Tobago; To reduce HIV and AIDS related discrimination in Trinidad and Tobago.

  8. Analysis of services to address gender-based violence in three countries

    In 2010, AIDSTAR-One conducted case studies in three countries where GBV services were available. …

  9. Regional policy and model legislation to address HIV and AIDS related discrimination: desk review report

    The levels of stigma and discrimination are still relatively high in the Caribbean. Stigma and discrimination against those infected with and affected by HIV are widespread and are recognised as a major barrier to accessing prevention, testing and treatment. …

  10. Consulta UNESCO 2008: consulta nacional sobre reducción de daños y educación en situaciones asociadas al consumo de drogas y VIH/Sida en Colombia

    El programa de educación no formal de la UNESCO para la reducción del impacto por el uso de drogas y el VIH / SIDA busca mitigar la vulnerabilidad de grupos de personas que se encuentran en situación de pobreza. …

  11. HIV prevention on the U.S.-Mexico border: addressing the needs of most-at-risk populations

    Situated on major drug trafficking routes that bring heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine from Mexico into the United States, Tijuana and Juarez experience high rates of local drug use and rank first and second, respectively, in prevalence of illicit drug use within the country. Sex tourism is another feature shared by Tijuana and Juarez. Both cities have 'tolerance zones' where sex work is openly practiced and, in the case of Tijuana, even regulated by the authorities

  12. Barbados national HIV prevention plan

    The revised HIV Prevention Plan builds on the existing World Bank's submission of the Draft Prevention Plan of Action (November 28, 2008) and seeks to integrate programme components that are strategically relevant, based on discussions with stakeholders and review of the existing core documents. Following the World Bank Mission of June 22-26, 2009, the prevention planning process continued with the goal of producing a blueprint for a comprehensive response to HIV (for the period 2008-2013) with a focus on priority populations that practice risky behaviours. …

  13. Behavioral Outcomes of AIDS Educational Interventions for Drug Users in Short-Term Treatment

    This study compares the behavioral impact of informational vs enhanced small-group educational interventions among 407 drug users in a 21-day detoxification and rehabilitation program in Massachusetts, U.S.A. Sexual and drug-related behavior were analyzed using logistic regression at a follow-up visit after the program. Among users at lower risk, the enhanced approach was more effective at reducing injection-related risks associated with HIV transmission. Among users at higher risk, the informational approach was more effective. …

  14. The perspectives of injection drug users regarding safer injecting education delivered through a supervised injecting facility

    Unsafe injection practices can lead to HIV and HCV transmission as well as other bacterial and viral infections. Vancouver established North America's first supervised injection facility (SIF) to address such harms among injecting drug users (IDU). This study looks at their experiences receiving safer injecting education within the SIF. Through semi-structured, qualitative interviews, the experiences of 50 IDU were collected. Their testimonies indicate that gaps in knowledge exist among local IDU, often leading to unsafe injecting. …

  15. Pasa la Voz (Spread the Word): Using Women's Social Networks for HIV Education and Testing

    Pasa la Voz (spread the word) is a methodology used to prevent HIV using respondent-driven sampling to reach hard to access women. An organization in Ciudad Juarez (Programa Companeros) initiated a one-to-one approach to reaching at-risk and hard to reach women in the area using promotoras (outreach workers) from September 2005 to January 2006. The implementation of Pasa la Voz came on its heels and had success in increasing the number of women agreeing to get tested for HIV (11.9% to 49.9%) and decreasing testing time from 22.70 hours to 3.68 hours per test.

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