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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Hidden from health: structural stigma, sexual orientation concealment, and HIV across 38 countries in the European MSM Internet Survey

    Objective: Substantial country-level variation exists in prejudiced attitudes towards male homosexuality and in the extent to which countries promote the unequal treatment of MSM through discriminatory laws. The impact and underlying mechanisms of country-level stigma on odds of diagnosed HIV, sexual opportunities, and experience of HIV-prevention services, needs and behaviours have rarely been examined, however. Design: Data come from the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS), which was administered between June and August 2010 across 38 European countries (N = 174 209). …

  2. National student sexual health HIV knowledge, attitude and behaviour survey: focussing on student men who have sex with men at fourteen higher education institutions in South Africa

    The Higher Education and Training HIV/AIDS Programme (HEAIDS), in partnership with Networking HIV/AIDS Community of South Africa (NACOSA) and funded by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria, undertook research among students at higher education institutions (HEIs) in South Africa to explore their knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in relation to sexual health and HIV. The sample comprised both male and female students, and specifically included male students who have sex with men. …

  3. Vital signs: HIV infection, testing, and risk behaviors among youths — United States

    Background: In 2009, 6.7% of the estimated 1.1 million persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States were youths (defined in this report as persons aged 13–24 years); more than half of youths with HIV (59.5%) were unaware of their infection. Methods: CDC used National HIV Surveillance System data to estimate, among youths, prevalence rates of diagnosed HIV infection in 2009 and the number of new infections (incidence) in 2010. …

  4. HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices of young people in Cross River State and Kogi State, Nigeria

    Communication for Change (C-Change) works around the world to improve the effectiveness and sustainability of social and behavior change communication (SBCC) across program areas, including health, environment, economic growth and poverty alleviation, and democracy and governance. In Nigeria, C-Change supports health and HIV prevention objectives of the USAID Mission. The project is building SBCC capacity for country-driven interventions that aim to prevent new HIV infections, reduce HIV prevalence among high-risk groups, and stabilize HIV prevalence within the general population. …

  5. National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework II, 2010-2014

    The National Strategic HIV/AIDS Framework (2010-2014) is a policy and strategic document that will guide the National AIDS Commission (NAC), the line ministries, the UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, NGOs, CBOs, FBOs, and other stakeholders associated with the prevention, control, care and treatment of HIV/AIDS in Liberia. The main goal of the document is to serve as a basis for strengthening the generation of strategic information on the epidemic and providing a framework for a multi-sectoral response. …

  6. Programme VIH/SIDA. Faits marquants 2008-09

    Le présent rapport met en évidence les apports de l'OMS à l'accès universel en 2008 et 2009. Il décrit la façon dont l'OMS travaille et identifie des réalisations spécifiques dans chacun des cinq domaines stratégiques suivants : 1) permettre aux patients de connaitre leur statu sérologique ; 2) maximiser la contribution du secteur de la santé à la prévention du VIH ; 3) accélérer l'extension du traitement et des soins en matière de VIH ; 4) renforcer et étendre les systèmes de santé ; et 5) investir dans l'information stratégique pour tenter de mieux étayer la riposte au VIH.

  7. Characterizing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa: time for strategic action

    Despite a fair amount of progress on understanding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemiology globally, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is the only region where knowledge of the epidemic continues to be very limited, and subject to much controversy. This report addresses this dearth of strategic information on HIV infections in MENA through a joint effort of the World Bank, the MENA Regional Support Team (RST) of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) of the World Health Organization (WHO). …

  8. Pompier - bon oeil. Tout sur le thème du sexe oral pour les gays et bisexuels de tout âge

    Pompier - bon oeil. Tout sur le thème du sexe oral pour les gays et bisexuels de tout âge est une brochure regroupant une série de questions intéressantes posées sur le forum internet drgay.ch au sujet de la fellation et de ses risques. La brochure répond donc aux questions telles que « les gouttes qui s'écoulent du pénis bien avant l'orgasme représentent-elles un danger ? », « qu'en est-il des autres maladies ? » « que dois-je faire si j'ai du sperme dans sur les lèvres ou dans la bouche ? », ou encore « et si mes gencives saignent ? »

  9. Love Bugs. Informations sur les maladies sexuellement transmissibles pour les hommes ayant des relations sexuelles avec d'autres hommes

    Love Bugs est une brochure éditée par l'Aide Suisse contre le Sida à l'intention des hommes ayant des relations sexuelles avec d'autres hommes. Elle a pour but de présenter quelques informations permettant au lecteur d'évaluer lui-même si elles s'appliquent à sa vie sexuelle ou à celle de ses partenaires. Elle encourage une attitude responsable face à la sexualité, ce qui implique aussi, entre autre, la connaissance de quelques maladies sexuellement transmissible. …

  10. Male Homosexual Identities, Relationships, and Practices among Young Men Who have Sex with Men in Vietnam: Implications for HIV Prevention

    This qualitative study examines local identities, relationships, and sexual practices among young MSM aged 15-24 in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city of Vietnam. The analyses were based on 26 in-depth interviews and 10 focus group discussions with young MSM recruited through public place intercepts and cruising areas. The report documents the linguistic classification, sexual relationships and behaviors, identity and process of homosexual identification, and the potential linkage between sexual identity and sexual behaviors of MSM in Vietnam. …

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