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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Assessing young unmarried men's access to reproductive health information and services in rural India

    The authors conducted a cross-sectional study using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Participants included 38 unmarried rural men in four focus-group discussions and a representative sample of 316 similarly profiled men, ages 17-22 years. Information was collected via survey on the men's socioeconomic characteristics; awareness, knowledge, and perceptions of family planning; attitudes toward future contraceptive use; intra-family communication; knowledge about STIs/HIV/AIDS; and access and use of condoms. …

  2. Sex is politics - Sexuality, Rights and Development Policies

    Sex is Politics - Sexuality, Rights and Development Policies is a document produced by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2009 (second edition). It is eight fact sheets with information regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The documents states that SRHR are controversial and are contested by moral conservative, religious, cultural and political forces in many parts of the world. These limitations tend to lead to a lack of information that prevent people making free, informed and reasonable decisions regarding their own sexuality and reproduction.

  3. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  4. Know Yourself - a multimedia package

    The Bangladesh Center for Communication Programs (BCCP) created the "Know Yourself" multimedia package with technical assistance from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs (CCP), the Health Communication Partnership (HCP), and several local partners including an ARH Working Group and supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Mission in Dhaka and the United Nations Children Fund. …

  5. Nepal: support communication to enhance young mothers' reproductive health

    This study was undertaken as part of a reproductive health project implemented by the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and the Center for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA), sought to improve social norms that leave young women vulnerable to health risks related to early marriage and childbearing and limited access to reproductive health services. It was found that communication-based support to mothersÆ groups and newly formed youth communication groups improved reproductive health knowledge and behavior among young married women in Nepal.

  6. Adolescent reproductive and sexual health: an exploration of trends in Pakistan

    A report on the study conducted by Pakistan Voluntary Health and Nutrition Association (PAVHNA) to find out adolescent perceptions regarding sexual and reproductive health. The study also aimed to assess the level of physical and sexual abuse in the society with reference to four provincial cities of Pakistan: Karachi, Quetta, Swabi, and Gujranwala.

  7. Actions that protect: promoting sexual and reproductive health and choice among young people in India

    This paper synthesises the evidence on the sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, and explores what we know about underlying factors that place them at risk of or protect them from unsafe and unwanted sexual and reproductive health experiences. The picture that emerges suggests that substantial proportions of young people experience risky or unwanted sexual activity, do not receive prompt or appropriate care, and experience adverse reproductive health outcomes. …

  8. Abstinence and delayed sexual initiation

    Promoting abstinence is an important strategy that can help delay sexual activity, but complementary messages are needed for those who are sexually active.

  9. A reproductive health needs assessment in Myanmar

    The report presents the findings and recommendations for the reproductive health needs assessment in Myanmar in terms of four priority areas of reproductive health: maternal health, birth spacing, HIV/AIDS, and adolescent reproductive health.

  10. Demographic profile

    This booklet describes the adolescent population of fourteen countries in terms of their demographic profile such as their poulation size, age of marriage, educational attainment, employment, and health, among others. This followed by an overall picture of the reproductive and sexual health characteristics of the adolescents through their fertility practices, teen pregnancy/childbearing abortion, HIV/AIDS and STDs, family planning and contraception. …

  11. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Philippines

    This case study focuses on adolescent reproductive and sexual health in Philippines. It includes background of the problem; policies and programmes; advocacy and IEC programmes; factors/conditions which have contributed to the success of these best practices or failure or some strategies and from these highlight the lessons learned; guidelines for implementing programmes for adolescents.

  12. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Mongolia

    This case study focuses on adolescent reproductive and sexual health in Mongolia. …

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