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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexuality education: a ten-country review of school curricula in East and Southern Africa

    This collaborative regional curriculum scan, which was conducted in 2011, seeks to assess the content, quality, and delivery methods of sexuality education curricula in ten ESA countries and aims to ensure that the reviews help countries to develop curricula designed to not only increase comprehensive knowledge among young people, but to empower them to adopt protective behaviours, such as refusing unwanted sex, delaying sex, using condoms and testing for HIV. The ten countries included are Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  2. A pre-intervention study in the implementation of school-based family life education

    Young people face a variety of reproductive health risks: sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV, early and unintended pregnancy, sexual abuse and exploitation. Family Life Education (FLE) in Fiji Islands is a long-term intervention strategy to deliver age-appropriate information and education on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in schools. This pre-intervention study examined the associations of gender, religion and ethnicity with SRH knowledge, attitudes and perceived behaviour of peers in a sample of school-age adolescents. …

  3. An impact evaluation of student teacher training in HIV/AIDS education in Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe introduced a nation-wide program to teach AIDS education in 1994. This paper evaluates changes in student teachers' level of knowledge about transmission, symptoms and prevention of STDs and HIV/AIDS; their attitude towards persons living with AIDS; and their sensitivity to the impact of the epidemic and to discussing and teaching about these issues. There was an increase in knowledge of HIV prevention and in teachers' ability to discuss reproductive health and sexual issues. …

  4. Report. Teachers - agents of dissemination and change programme: a school-based HIV and AIDS initiative

    This report provides a systematic account of a three-year programme dubbed Teachers - Agents of Dissemination and Change (TAD), which was designed to provide all public school teachers at the Pre-Tertiary level with information to enable them protect themselves and their students from being infected with HIV. It was also designed to provide guidance and methodology on the incorporation of HIV & AIDS messages into ordinary subject lessons. …

  5. Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?

    Abstinence Only vs. Comprehensive Sex Education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence? is a document focusing on the impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex education programs established in United States. Indeed, the United States still has the highest rates of STIs and teen pregnancy of any industrialized nation. Since President Bush, the Congress tends to promotes abstinence-only approach that will likely have serious unintended consequences by denying young people access to the information they need to protect themselves. …

  6. Life Skills Based Sexual and Reproductive Education, HIV/AIDS Prevention. Summary and Analysis of the Evaluation Survey Results

    To curb the spread of HIV/AIDS among young people, in the period from December 2001 to February 2004, the project Coordinated Support to the Health and Development of Young People in Latvia was implemented by the Ministry of Education and Science and UN agencies (UNAIDS, UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA and WHO) and the overall goal of the project was to limit spread of HIV/AIDS among young people through increased access to information and services on HIV/AIDS such as life skills based HIV/AIDS education, peer education and youth friendly health services. …

  7. Science and success in developing countries: holistic programs that work to prevent teen pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted infections

    This 34-page paper represents a compilation of ten programmes that demonstrate their effectiveness in reducing behavioural risks for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, among youth in developing countries. The report describes these youth as facing significant threats to their health and well-being as a reault of HIV/AIDS, high rates of STIs, and unintended pregnancies that may result in maternal morbidity and/or mortality. …

  8. School-based programs to reduce sexual risk behaviors: a review of effectiveness

    This review was undertaken in recognition of the mounting public health and social problems associated with adolescent sexual behaviour and the importance of basing school-affiliated programmes designed to reduce sexual risk-taking behaviour on sound research.

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