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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The influence of early sexual debut and sexual violence on adolescent pregnancy: a matched case-control study in Jamaica

    CONTEXT: Contraceptive knowledge and use at first sex have increased over time among Jamaican adolescents, yet high unintended pregnancy rates persist. More information on risk factors for adolescent pregnancy is needed to inform programs. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with 15–17-year-old females—250 who were currently pregnant and 500 sexually experienced, but never-pregnant, neighborhood-matched controls. …

  2. Safe Schools Program: Final report

    The Safe Schools Program (Safe Schools) was a five-year initiative (2003-2008) funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Women in Development and implemented by DevTech Systems, Inc. (DevTech). This program was at the forefront of defining, understanding and addressing school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). In 2003, gender-based violence in schools was considered a significant obstacle both to achieving the Education for All (EFA) goals, and to reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. …

  3. Family life and HIV education for junior secondary schools: students' handbook

    The Family Life and HIV Education for Junior Secondary Schools: Students' Handbook aims to empower young people with the knowledge and skills to live happy and healthy lives. It provides answers to many of the questions young people usually have about the physical and emotional issues they face during adolescence. The handbook covers matters like setting sexual limits, negotiating, making values-based decisions, finding help, and communicating effectively. …

  4. A pre-intervention study in the implementation of school-based family life education

    Young people face a variety of reproductive health risks: sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV, early and unintended pregnancy, sexual abuse and exploitation. Family Life Education (FLE) in Fiji Islands is a long-term intervention strategy to deliver age-appropriate information and education on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in schools. This pre-intervention study examined the associations of gender, religion and ethnicity with SRH knowledge, attitudes and perceived behaviour of peers in a sample of school-age adolescents. …

  5. HIV and violence against women in Belize

    The overall objective of this study was to explore the potential intersections between two forms of violence against women (VAW) - partner violence and non-partner violence - among users of VAW and HIV services and to document their experiences, knowledge and perceptions on HIV and violence. The information was collected using a standardized questionnaire in each participant country in order to collect and compare data in a multi-country analysis. In Belize seventy-four (74) women were interviewed, 32 users of HIV services and 42 users of VAW services countrywide during 2007. …

  6. Reality Counts. Focusing on Sexuality and Rights in the Fight against HIV/AIDS

    Reality Counts. Focusing on Sexuality and Rights in the Fight against HIV/AIDS is the third in a series of publications presented by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2004, in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. This book consists of a collection of articles about HIV/AIDS around the world. …

  7. Hé les gars!

    Hé les gars ! est un petit guide réédité en 2008 par l'Aide Suisse contre le Sida (ASS) et l'Office fédéral de la santé publique (OFSP). Il s'adresse aux jeunes garçons et vise à leur fournir, au moyen d'un langage simple et accessible, des informations sur les modifications du corps à la puberté, sur l'amour et la sexualité, sur la contraception et la prévention des infetions sexuellement transmissibles (VIH et sida inclus) ainsi que sur les lois régissant le domaine de la sexualité. A la fin de la brochure, un glossaire réunit et explique les termes spécifiques relatifs aux sujets abordés. …

  8. Les questions posées le plus souvent par les adolescents sur la Croissance et leurs réponses. Vol. 1.

    Le Programme Santé et Lutte contre le Sida de la GTZ a élaboré avec des adolescents un ensemble de 5 livrets abordant l'adolescence, les relations hommes-femmes, les rapports sexuels, les relations saines, le VIH et sida et la nouvelle génération. Il s'agit d'une adaptation aux besoins et aux réalités de la Guinée d'une précédente collection de livrets produite pour la Tanzanie. Ce premier livret est consacré aux questions liées à l'adolescence et à la puberté (organes génitaux, transformations corporelles.). …

  9. Jamaican guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education: pre-school through age 24

    This document provides information for acquiring and forming attitudes, beliefs and values on topics such as identity, relationships and intimacy. It helps to expand understanding around HIV and AIDS, parent-child communication on sexuality, gender-based violence, child sexual abuse and forced sex, in order to improve awareness and communication around these issues. The guidelines may be used as a tool and supplemental resource for professionals to augment the Ministry of Education's Health and Family Life Education initiative in Jamaica. …

  10. Expanding contraceptive options and access for youth: education, services, and products can help protect against unintended pregnancy and STIs

    Education, services, and products can help protect youth against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, but groups should be targeted with appropriate messages.

  11. Maternal health care among adolescents: pregnant adolescents need appropriate services to prevent death and disability

    Pregnant teenagers, who die twice as often during childbirth as women in their 20s, need appropriate services to prevent death and disability.

  12. Nonconsensual sex among youth: youth programs need to consider patterns of coerced sex when addressing reproductive health, HIV prevention, and other needs

    The fact sheet suggests that programmes need to consider patterns and consequences of coerced sex when addressing reproductive health, HIV prevention, and other needs of young people.

  13. Mothers' influence on teen sex : connections that promote postponing sexual intercourse

    The study focuses on mother-teen relationships as they affect behaviour among teens who are not yet sexually active. The report looks at several questions such as: Do mothers know whether their teens have had sex?; Do mothers talk to their teens about sex and birth control?; Mothers talk, teen's perceptions: what matters?; What effect do closeness and connectedness have on teen sex?; What else about mothers make a difference for sexual initiation.

  14. AIDS Surveillance and Education Project (ASEP), Philippines: reaching sexually exploited children under age 16

    In the Philippines, some 100,000 to 500,000 minors younger than 18 are estimated to be involved in the sex industry. Studies undertaken by PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health) and partner NGOs in urban sex areas show that prostituted children are at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV because of low awareness of STIs and HIV, risky sex, drug-injecting practices, and minors' limited access to preventive measures and services at government social hygiene clinics.

  15. Adolescent and reproductive health in Pakistan: a literature review

    The report is a review of research findings on adolescents and reproductive health in Pakistan. The material is drawn from national surveys, medical research and information gathered by NGOs. The research shows the profile of adolescents in Pakistan with regard to the following issues: health and nutrition; sexual awareness and behaviour; prostitution and trafficking; sexual violence and sexual abuse; STDs; abortion; marriage and childbearing; fertility and family planning.

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