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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender differentials in adolescent sexual activity and reproductive health risks in Cameroon

    This paper documents how young men and women in Cameroon vary in the way they conduct their sexual lives as well as in the reproductive health risks they take. Consideration is given to gender differentials in patterns of sexual initiation, number of regular and casual partners, and condom use. It also examines factors affecting male and female patterns of sexual and reproductive health behaviour. It evaluates and contrasts the health consequences of the sexual activity of both males and females, including the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections.

  2. Youth talk about sexuality: a participatory assessment of adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Lusaka, Zambia

    This study provides examples of successful strategies for motivating adolescents to avoid unprotected intercourse in order to reduce the incidence of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV of adolescents in Zambia.

  3. VIH/SIDA et système éducatif. Fenêtre sur l'éducation Cameroun

    Le Bureau de l'UNESCO de Yaoundé, impliqué, avec l'ensemble des partenaires au développement du Cameroun, dans l'évaluation du Plan national stratégique de lutte contre le SIDA (PNS 2001-2005) et dans la préparation du nouveau Plan stratégique quinquennal (2006-2010), a initié cette étude dans le cadre du groupe thématique ONUSIDA. L' étude est apparue comme une nécessité d'autant que chacun s'accorde désormais pour considérer l'éducation comme un instrument à la fois majeur et indispensable de prévention. …

  4. School based peer education program: evaluation of SHAPE 1. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education

    World Education, through its SHAPE 1 program, worked with a consortium of nine Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to deliver HIV/AIDS education to in-school youth though a peer education program. The program had the goal of providing youth with the education they need to avoid or reduce risk-taking behavior, delay the onset of sexual activity, and if already sexually active, change behavior to reduce risk. …

  5. Reducing HIV Infection among Youth: What Can Schools Do? Key baseline findings from Mexico, South Africa and Thailand

    This report on the baseline data from three countries (Mexico, Thailand and South Africa) provides information on the HIV-prevention needs of school-based youth. It focuses on select key variables including HIV knowledge, attidudes toward people living with HIV/AIDS, confidence in acquiring and using condoms, and reported sexual behaviour. This information and other data obtained from the studies has helped shape the school-based interventions by informing teachers about student needs. It can also be helpful to others planning HIV prevention programmes for youth in similar settings.

  6. Perception of and attitudes to HIV/AIDS among young adults at the University of Cape Town

    Given the exponential rate of growth of HIV/AIDS in the Western Cape in recent years, and university concerns about the health of students and others, knowledge about young peoples' ideas and social constructs of the virus and syndrome is important. Medical anthropology lecturers Fiona Ross and Susan Levine present here their preliminary findings about University of Cape Town student perceptions regarding HIV/AIDS. …

  7. Education and HIV/AIDS prevention: evidence from a randomized evaluation in Western Kenya

    We report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: 1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; 2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and 3) reducing the cost of education. Our primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. We also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. …

  8. Does knowledge equal change? HIV/AIDS education and behaviour change

    This paper sets out to demonstrate that clear links exist between HIV/AIDS education, both inside and outside the education system, and levels of awareness and knowledge about HIV/AIDS and associated risk behaviour. It also examines evidence of consequent behaviour change in relation to such information and linked understanding of the risks posed by HIV/AIDS.

  9. Connaisances, attitudes et pratiques dans les domaines des IST et du VIH/SIDA dans la Region de Mopti : rapport d'enquête

    La presente étude, consacrée à la région de Mopti, a été suscitée par la nécessité de parvenir à programmer des activités pertinentes favorisant des changements positifs de bénéficiares du projet relativement à leurs comportements, attitudes et pratiques vis-à-vis du VIH/SIDA. Et ce, d'autant plus que dans ce domaine particulièrement sensible, il faut se convaincre que toute approche , pour être porteuse, devra nécessairement prendre en compte les construits sociaux, les réalités de différents ordres.

  10. Teach them while they are young, they will live to remember

    This case study focuses on Zambia's Lusaka and Southern Provinces and the views of teachers and pupils of that region with regards to the teaching of HIV/AIDS in basic education. It is limited to the efforts being made by the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Zambia on fighting the spread of the disease among school children and teachers.

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