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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The adolescent experience in-depth: using data to identify and reach the most vulnerable young people: Tanzania 2009-2012

    This report presents a secondary data analysis and triangulation of the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2010, the Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicator Survey (THMIS) 2011-12, and the Violence Against Children in Tanzania Survey (VACS) 2009. Its objectives are to analyse approximately 40 key indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and outcomes (e.g. …

  2. Análisis sobre educación sexual integral, conocimientos y actitudes en sexualidad en adolescentes escolarizados: informe final

    El documento describe las características de los programas efectivos (del proceso de desarrollo curricular y del currículo), así como las buenas prácticas en instituciones educativas, y menciona que el enfoque de educación integral en sexualidad basado en un marco de derechos busca dotar a la gente joven de los conocimientos, aptitudes, actitudes y valores indispensables para la determinación y gozo de su sexualidad, tanto física como emocionalmente.

  3. A voucher for health: enabling young people in Uganda to access quality sexual and reproductive health services

    Young people in Uganda have significant unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. This is particularly the case for young people from key populations. The prevalence of HIV among sex workers of all ages is between 35% and 37%, five times higher than the general population. Sex workers also face other serious sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues, including high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The situation for young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people is also difficult. …

  4. What they really want to know. Developing booklets for young people on growing up and sexuality

    A large proportion of young people worldwide are sexually active, and this exposes them to the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and to the risk of unintended pregnancies. In 2008, 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 gave birth and approximately 40% of these pregnancies were unintended. Young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years account for more than one third of all new HIV infections, with some 3,000 young people becoming infected with HIV each day. …

  5. National plan of action for scaling up SRH and HIV prevention initiatives for young people

    This plan provides a framework for improving the sexual reproductive health of young people, and protecting them from HIV. The plan consists of five sections: background, policy and programming, goals and guiding principles, institutional framework and monitoring and evaluation. A detailed list of likely activities and budgets is proposed. The overall goal of the National Plan of Action is improved sexual and reproductive health and prevention of new HIV infections among young people aged 10-24 in Malawi. The plan is organized around six strategic objectives. …

  6. The sexual and reproductive health of younger adolescents. Research issues in developing countries

    This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents' sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. …

  7. Influence of religious affiliation and education on HIV knowledge and HIV-related sexual behaviors among unmarried youth in rural central Mozambique

    The interactions among religious affiliation, education, HIV knowledge, and HIV-related sexual behaviors among African church youth are poorly understood. In this sociodemographic study, 522 unmarried youth 12-28 years old in rural central Mozambique were surveyed with a structured questionnaire. Using binary logistic regression analysis, the authors used religious affiliation and education to measure influence on (1) HIV transmission and prevention knowledge and attitudes and (2) HIV-related sexual behaviors among youth. …

  8. Canadian Youth, Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Study: Factors influencing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours

    Le présent rapport expose les conclusions d'une étude coordonnée par le Conseil des ministres de l'Éducation (Canada) [CMEC] et financée par la Stratégie canadienne sur le VIH/sida de Santé Canada. Il s'agit d'un portrait contemporain du comportement sexuel des adolescents et adolescentes. Plus précisément, il a pour but d'améliorer la compréhension des facteurs qui contribuent à la santé sexuelle des jeunes Canadiens et Canadiens, en explorant les déterminants socioculturels, socio-environnementaux et interpersonnels du comportement sexuel des jeunes. …

  9. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  10. Reproductive Health of Arab Young People

    Reproductive Health of Arab Young People is a short article written by J. DeJong of the Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, and G- El-Khoury of Unicef Middle East and North Africa Region from Amman, Jordan, in 2006. It presents the current situation in the Arab region regarding sexual and reproductive services and information. It shows that cultural taboos are still limiting young people's access, especially for those unmarried, to integrated health services including contraception for sexually active adolescents and health education. …

  11. Sexual and Reproductive Health /HIV/AIDS/ Project for Adolescents and Youth

    Sexual and Reproductive Health /HIV/AIDS/Project for Adolescents and Youth is a small magazine developed by Geração Biz, a national, multi-sectoral adolescent program, including the Ministries of Health, Youth and Sports, and Education, and local NGOs, in Zambezia, Mozambique in 2001. It presents articles written to recall the importance to improve sexual and reproductive health among youth. It describes briefly the situation of the province of Zambezia, where the HIV prevalence is 13%, regarding early marriages, pregnancies, school attendance or knowledge of contraception. …

  12. Adolescents, social support and help-seeking behavior : an international literature review and program consultation with recommendations for action

    The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.

  13. Reaching the youngest adolescents with reproductive health programs and services

    An article focuses on the emerging needs in providing information and reproductive health services to youth aged 10-14, one of the underserved groups and most subject to abuse and coerced sex. Included also in the paper are suggestions on effective approaches to reach these younger adolescents.

  14. Annotated bibliography of young people’s sexual and reproductive health

    The bibliography includes literature on young people's sexual and reproductive health for investigators undertaking research in less developed countries. Three main areas are covered: substantive findings of research and theoretical developments, research design and methods, and existing questionnaires. Articles describing substantive findings of selected research cover a number of research areas in young people's sexual and reproductive health. …

  15. A compilation of baseline data to assess the needs of young people in Cambodia

    The compilation contains baseline data gathered by the Cambodia Health Education Media Service (CHEMS). It contains the result and analysis of survey on knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices of youth in four areas in Cambodia. The survey covers demographic information, audience profile, including listening habits and programme preference, general health information, including disease profile, health services and reproductive and sexual health and social life skills issues.

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