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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Safe Schools Program: Final report

    The Safe Schools Program (Safe Schools) was a five-year initiative (2003-2008) funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Women in Development and implemented by DevTech Systems, Inc. (DevTech). This program was at the forefront of defining, understanding and addressing school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). In 2003, gender-based violence in schools was considered a significant obstacle both to achieving the Education for All (EFA) goals, and to reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. …

  2. A summary report on re-invigoration of education sector response to HIV and AIDS in the SADC region

    This brief summarizes the "Reinvigorating Education Sector (EDSEC) Responses to HIV and AIDS" in the SADC region commissioned by UNESCO/UNICEF/SADC Secretariat during the course of 2010. …

  3. Sexuality education: a ten-country review of school curricula in East and Southern Africa

    This collaborative regional curriculum scan, which was conducted in 2011, seeks to assess the content, quality, and delivery methods of sexuality education curricula in ten ESA countries and aims to ensure that the reviews help countries to develop curricula designed to not only increase comprehensive knowledge among young people, but to empower them to adopt protective behaviours, such as refusing unwanted sex, delaying sex, using condoms and testing for HIV. The ten countries included are Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  4. Are there any disparities between girls and boys in the response of the education sector to HIV and AIDS? Assessment of educational HIV/AIDS prevention programmes applied by SACMEQ III countries

    This paper aims to assess whether the goals of the in-school programmes on prevention of HIV and AIDS that are taught in primary schools of 15 national ministries of education in Southern and Eastern Africa have been reached equitably between boys and girls by the end of primary education. One feature of most of these ministries is that they are in countries that are the hardest hit by a general HIV epidemic. More specifically, the paper aims to analyse schoolboys’ and schoolgirls’ general knowledge about HIV and AIDS. …

  5. Teacher training college programme Theatre for a Change, Malawi endline impact assessment report 2010-2011

    Malawi is among the 10 countries in the world with the highest HIV prevalence rate, estimated at 12%. Among occupational groups, teachers in Malawi are especially at risk. Their HIV prevalence rate is 23%, almost double the national rate (National AIDS Commission 2009). However, when trainee teachers enter into Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) their estimated HIV prevalence rate is under 3%. Theatre for a Change (TfaC)has identified TTCs as an ideal environment to work with this vulnerable population before they encounter situations that will put them at risk of HIV infection. …

  6. Children’s school participation and HIV/AIDS in rural Malawi: the role of parental knowledge and perceptions

    Studies of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and children’s educational attainment largely focus on the direct impacts of parental illness and death, overlooking the potential indirect impact that parental knowledge and perceptions of their HIV status may have on children’s school enrollment. Drawing on both quantitative and qualitative evidence from Malawi, this paper finds that women’s real and perceived anticipation of future health shocks has a positive impact on their children’s educational attainment. …

  7. National plan of action for scaling up SRH and HIV prevention initiatives for young people

    This plan provides a framework for improving the sexual reproductive health of young people, and protecting them from HIV. The plan consists of five sections: background, policy and programming, goals and guiding principles, institutional framework and monitoring and evaluation. A detailed list of likely activities and budgets is proposed. The overall goal of the National Plan of Action is improved sexual and reproductive health and prevention of new HIV infections among young people aged 10-24 in Malawi. The plan is organized around six strategic objectives. …

  8. Pupil and teacher knowledge about HIV and AIDS in Malawi

    The Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) is a network of 15 Ministries of Education: Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania (Mainland), Tanzania (Zanzibar), Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  9. How successful are HIV-AIDS prevention education programmes?

    The 15 Ministers of Education associated with the Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) have been concerned for a number of years about the lack of well-designed objective indicators that can be used to guide an informed debate about the effectiveness of HIV and AIDS prevention education programmes. SACMEQ research teams responded to this concern in 2007 by developing an HIV-AIDS Knowledge Test (known as the HAKT) that was suitable for administration to Grade 6 pupils (aged around 13.5 years on average in SACMEQ countries) and their teachers. …

  10. National teacher training HIV needs assessment Malawi, 2008

    The Theatre for a Change Teacher Training HIV Needs Assessment Survey was carried out in June, 2008, in Malawi's nine Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) and the teacher training department of Mzuzu University. A total of 754 pre-service teachers were sampled for the survey, with data triangulated through three research tools: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (SSIs) and activity-based workshops. …

  11. National teacher training HIV baseline survey Malawi 2009

    The Theatre for a Change Teacher Training HIV Baseline Survey was carried out in November, 2008, in five of Malawi's nine primary Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs). 10.1% of the total populations were sampled for the survey, a total of 336 respondents. Data was triangulated through three research tools: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (SSIs) and activity-based workshops. …

  12. Sexual behavior and STI/HIV status among adolescents in rural Malawi. An evaluation of the effect of interview mode on reporting

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning", special issue on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Sub-Saharan Africa, published in December 2008. The inconsistency between reported sexual behavior and HIV incidence has prompted some epidemiologists to question the conventional explanation for the African AIDS pandemic. This study represents one effort to investigate the reporting of premarital sex in rural southern Malawi. It summarizes the results from an interview-mode experiment conducted with unmarried young women aged 15-21. …

  13. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  14. Protecting the next generation in Malawi. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body of research that describes the sexual and reproductive health needs of Malawi's youth. The information was gathered from young Malawians themselves through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and a nationally representative survey on sex, relationships, marriage, HIV/AIDS and pregnancy among young women and men aged 12-19. This report discusses in detail some of the challenges in and opportunities for improving the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in Malawi. …

  15. Quantitative research instrument to measure school-related gender-based violence

    The Safe Schools Program has just released the Quantitative Research Instrument to Measure School-Related Gender-Based Violence, which details the sampling methodology, interview guidelines, and suggested preliminary data analysis of a recently conducted study to assess the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and experiences of boys and girls and teachers with gender-based physical, psychological and sexual violence at schools including in the classroom and on the school grounds as well as going to and from school. The study was carried out in Malawi by DevTech Systems, Inc. …

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