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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescents' knowledge, attitude and practice concerning HIV/AIDS in Sierra-Leone : Survey Report

    The key objective of the survey was to ascertain adolescents HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and practice, determine their access to the media in so far as getting vital information on HIV/AIDS, and ascertain their acceptance and credibility of the information they receive. The responses were to be analyzed by differentials of age, sex and spatial variations. …

  2. A multi-level model of condom use among male and female upper primary school students in Nyanza, Kenya

    Although several studies have emphasized the relevance of community level variables to AIDS prevention among young people in sub-Saharan Africa, few have tested the empirical connections between such variables and sexual behaviors. Using data from 3645 sexually experienced grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools, this study applies hierarchical linear models to estimate the effects of individual and community level variables on condom use among youth in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Four separate models were fit for both males and females. …

  3. Programme VIH/SIDA. Faits marquants 2008-09

    Le présent rapport met en évidence les apports de l'OMS à l'accès universel en 2008 et 2009. Il décrit la façon dont l'OMS travaille et identifie des réalisations spécifiques dans chacun des cinq domaines stratégiques suivants : 1) permettre aux patients de connaitre leur statu sérologique ; 2) maximiser la contribution du secteur de la santé à la prévention du VIH ; 3) accélérer l'extension du traitement et des soins en matière de VIH ; 4) renforcer et étendre les systèmes de santé ; et 5) investir dans l'information stratégique pour tenter de mieux étayer la riposte au VIH.

  4. Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du formateur

    Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du formateur est un document produit par le Secrétariat exécutif permanent du Conseil national de lutte contre le SIDA de la République du Congo. Ce guide a pour but de favoriser les discussions communautaires en amenant les gens à prendre en compte les répercussions liées à la situation donnée. …

  5. Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du facilitateur

    Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du facilitateur est un document produit par le Secrétariat exécutif permanent du Conseil national de lutte contre le SIDA de la République du Congo. Ce guide du facilitateur a été produit pour répondre au besoin croissant d'outils permettant de développer des actions de mobilisation communautaire en matière de VIH/SIDA. Ce guide est conçu comme un outil d'orientation pour la préparation, la facilitation et le suivi des conversations communautaires. …

  6. Zambia sexual behaviour survey 2009

    The main objective of the ZSBS 2009 is to obtain national estimates of a number of key indicators (including international standardized indicators) important to monitoring progress of the national HIV/AIDS/STDs programme. The survey provides a rich set of indicators on HIV/AIDS/STI-related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviour, as well as information on Orphans and Vulnerable Children, and assistance to households and communities affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  7. Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education

    Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education is a paper resulting from a study conducted in 2005-2006 on the 2004 HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy. It investigates the practical implications of the policy document in addressing provisions related to orphaned and vulnerable children and the teaching and learning of HIV/AIDS education. The paper further assesses practitioners' understanding of the policy. …

  8. Changes in HIV-related knowledge and behaviors in sub-Saharan Africa

    The purpose of this study is to provide strategic information on key HIV-related indicators for program managers and policymakers to monitor and evaluate prevention programs and to design new strategies. The report summarizes levels and recent changes in 69 indicators of HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of women and men age 15-49 in 23 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Data come from the two most recent rounds of population-based, nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted between 1992 and 2006. …

  9. South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008. A turning tide among teenagers

    South Africa's first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV and AIDS was conducted in 2002. A second survey was completed in 2005 and this, the third, in 2008. This report provides an analysis of trends across the three surveys and begins to map the ways in which the shape of the pandemic in South Africa has changed since 2002. Indicators for assessing mid-term progress made in implementing South Africa's National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS, 2007-2011 are also provided. …

  10. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  11. Enquête sur les indicateurs du Sida. Côte d'Ivoire 2005

    L'Enquête sur les indicateurs du Sida en Côte d'Ivoire (EIS-CI) réalisée en 2005 est une enquête par sondage, représentative au niveau national, au niveau des dix anciennes régions administratives du pays et de la ville d'Abidjan. Commanditée par le Ministère de la Lutte contre le Sida, elle a été conduite par l'Institut National de la Statistique en collaboration avec le projet RETRO-CI pour la sérologie. …

  12. Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda

    Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Ghana and Uganda, this study examines the gender differentials in perceptions of HIV risk in the two countries, which have been hit by the HIV epidemic in a different way, as in Ghana the epidemic has just started. It identifies factors associated with high or low risk of HIV infection by using logistic regression methodology. Principal findings include strong gender differentials in perceptions of risk, especially in Uganda; women felt at greater risk of HIV infection than men. …

  13. HIV/AIDS and Communication for Behaviour and Social Change : Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward

    The report synthesizes the deliberations of a workshop on "Communication for Behaviour and Social Change: Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward", organized by UNAIDS' Department of Policy, Strategy and Research (PSR) and the Secretariat of the International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa (IPPA) in Geneva in July 2000. …

  14. Timing of first intercourse among Malian adolescents: implications for contraceptive use

    In Mali, young women's psychological characteristics are strongly associated with their sexual experience (including the timing of their first sexual encounter) and ultimately with their ability to protect themselves from sexual health risks.

  15. Focus Group Discussion on Social Cultural Factors Impacting on HIV/AIDS in Uganda

    The main objective of the study was to establish the social and cultural factors that have impacted on HIV/AIDS in Uganda and in particular their role in enhancing behaviour change. The Specific objectives were: To verify the relevance of the "Cautious Shift" Model to the HIV/AIDS context in Uganda. To describe and understand the social and cultural environment and strategies that contributed to behavioural change in Uganda. To document community based strategies that have been used to bring about behaviour change. …

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