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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender Dynamics and Sexual Norms among Youth in Mali in the Context of HIV/AIDS Prevention

    Socially constructed ideas of gender norms and values attached to sexuality need to be considered when aiming to build the young people’s capacity to adopt HIV preventive behaviours. We conducted ten focus groups and sixteen individual interviews to explore sexual norms among youth in Bamako. Premarital sex, multiple partnering, condom use and transactional sex were discussed. The findings suggest that young people’s sexual norms are shaped by kin or authoritative elders as well as by external influences coming from Western culture. …

  2. Culturally-adapted and audio-technology assisted HIV/AIDS awareness and education program in rural Nigeria: a cohort study

    This prospective, 14-week cohort study sought to identify changes in HIV knowledge using a culturally-adapted, technology assisted educational approach in three rural Nigerian villages. One group of people were given seminar-based education, while another were given a portable, digial audio technology-based educational program, which drew on the rural culture of oral learning. The majority of the participants were Muslim (99%), male (53.3%) and lacked formal education (55%). HIV knowledge was improved by a larger degree in the technology facilitated group than the seminar-based group. …

  3. Go Girls! Visual Briefs

    This booklet contains flipcharts on a variety of topics to help communities identify ways to make environment safer for girls.

  4. Variáveis culturais e psicossociais associadas à vulnerabilidade étnica ao HIV/AIDS: estudo comparativo entre Brasil e França

    Esta pesquisa teve por objetivo identificar aspectos culturais e psicossociais associados às vulnerabilidades de jovens afrodescendentes e brancos, no Brasil e na França, ao HIV/Aids. A pesquisa foi realizada em duas etapas: a primeira, qualitativa, com 36 entrevistas a estudantes do ensino médio no Brasil com o objetivo de fornecer elementos indicadores sobre a vulnerabilidade, conhecimentos e Representações Sociais da aids dos jovens brasileiros, além de indicar elementos para a elaboração de um questionário a ser aplicado na segunda etapa. …

  5. Influence of religious affiliation and education on HIV knowledge and HIV-related sexual behaviors among unmarried youth in rural central Mozambique

    The interactions among religious affiliation, education, HIV knowledge, and HIV-related sexual behaviors among African church youth are poorly understood. In this sociodemographic study, 522 unmarried youth 12-28 years old in rural central Mozambique were surveyed with a structured questionnaire. Using binary logistic regression analysis, the authors used religious affiliation and education to measure influence on (1) HIV transmission and prevention knowledge and attitudes and (2) HIV-related sexual behaviors among youth. …

  6. Facing AIDS. Education in the Context of Vulnerability HIV/AIDS. Study Document and Statement on HIV/AIDS

    This Study Guide contains a structured framework for group learning sessions, designed to help and resource group leaders who intend to undertake HIV/AIDS awareness building. The document is bases on a broad range of educational approaches, both theoretical and experimental, in order to be ecumenically acceptable. But as it is a general study resource, the suggestions and activities are bound to seem more appropriate for some culture than others. …

  7. Faith group turn to reproductive health and HIV issues

    This project served has provided technical assistance to 12 faith-based organizations to help them develop HIV prevention strategies for youth. Produced by YouthNet/Family Health International, the YouthNet Briefs are a new series of two-page summaries highlighting research findings, country projects, and technical leadership.

  8. Men, culture and HIV/AIDS: I care ... do you?

    Focuses on the role of men in the AIDS epidemic.

  9. Focus Group Discussion on Social Cultural Factors Impacting on HIV/AIDS in Uganda

    The main objective of the study was to establish the social and cultural factors that have impacted on HIV/AIDS in Uganda and in particular their role in enhancing behaviour change. The Specific objectives were: To verify the relevance of the "Cautious Shift" Model to the HIV/AIDS context in Uganda. To describe and understand the social and cultural environment and strategies that contributed to behavioural change in Uganda. To document community based strategies that have been used to bring about behaviour change. …

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