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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge and Attitudes of Palestinian Women in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

    This document tries to explore Palestinian women's knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards HIV/ AIDS. Methods: Data used in this study were collected as a part of the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2004 in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). Results: Most of the women in the OPT (93.4%) had heard of AIDS. They had fair general knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention methods and transmission. TV was the main source of information about HIV/AIDS. Among the determinants of HIV/AIDS knowledge identified by this study were education, region, and locality. …

  2. Sexuality Education in Asia: Are We Delivering? An Assessment from a Rights-based Perspective

    This report presents the first investigation of school-based sexuality education in Asia through a human rights perspective. The study reflected in this report looked to provide new insights that could help strengthen programming by assessing how States are delivering on their responsibility to provide sexuality education in schools. The main focus is on the laws, policies and strategic plans through which governments provide the enabling environment for sexuality education.

  3. Variáveis culturais e psicossociais associadas à vulnerabilidade étnica ao HIV/AIDS: estudo comparativo entre Brasil e França

    Esta pesquisa teve por objetivo identificar aspectos culturais e psicossociais associados às vulnerabilidades de jovens afrodescendentes e brancos, no Brasil e na França, ao HIV/Aids. A pesquisa foi realizada em duas etapas: a primeira, qualitativa, com 36 entrevistas a estudantes do ensino médio no Brasil com o objetivo de fornecer elementos indicadores sobre a vulnerabilidade, conhecimentos e Representações Sociais da aids dos jovens brasileiros, além de indicar elementos para a elaboração de um questionário a ser aplicado na segunda etapa. …

  4. Influence of religious affiliation and education on HIV knowledge and HIV-related sexual behaviors among unmarried youth in rural central Mozambique

    The interactions among religious affiliation, education, HIV knowledge, and HIV-related sexual behaviors among African church youth are poorly understood. In this sociodemographic study, 522 unmarried youth 12-28 years old in rural central Mozambique were surveyed with a structured questionnaire. Using binary logistic regression analysis, the authors used religious affiliation and education to measure influence on (1) HIV transmission and prevention knowledge and attitudes and (2) HIV-related sexual behaviors among youth. …

  5. How successful are HIV-AIDS prevention education programmes?

    The 15 Ministers of Education associated with the Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) have been concerned for a number of years about the lack of well-designed objective indicators that can be used to guide an informed debate about the effectiveness of HIV and AIDS prevention education programmes. SACMEQ research teams responded to this concern in 2007 by developing an HIV-AIDS Knowledge Test (known as the HAKT) that was suitable for administration to Grade 6 pupils (aged around 13.5 years on average in SACMEQ countries) and their teachers. …

  6. En la intimidad del buen vivir: Una aproximación a conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre ITS, VIH y SIDA de los pueblos indígenas del Ecuador

    Estudio sobre ITS y VIH/sida en pueblos originarios del Ecuador, desagregada por etnias. Se ha dividido el estudio en dos partes, en la primera se plantea un marco general del enfoque de derechos que guía este estudio, y se apuntan varios datos sobre la situación de los pueblos indígenas y el VIH en el país, relacionándola con la realidad internacional, especialmente de la región. …

  7. Understanding adolescent girls' protection strategies against HIV: an exploratory study in urban Lusaka

    Being young and female are two central aspects of vulnerability to HIV which intersect in the lives of adolescent girls. Both before and within marriage, girls and young women are especially vulnerable to contracting HIV as a result of both their biological susceptibility as well as their relative powerlessness within sexual relationships, the primary means of transmission. Girls and young women are disproportionally infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. …

  8. AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior, and Practices: A Survey of 6 Chinese Cities

    This survey investigates knowledge, attitudes, behavior and practices (KAB/P) among different segments of society in six important Chinese cities Kunming, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Beijing. The survey was conducted by Renmin University with financial and technical support from UNAIDS, the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria (GBC), and Ogilvy. …

  9. These days virginity is just a feeling: heterosexuality and change in young urban Vietnamese men

    This paper argues that young Vietnamese men's beliefs around women's changing sexual identities and habits generate some anxiety around their own heterosexual abilities, while contributing to growing doubts around 'traditional' masculine advantage within sexual relations. It explores this notion in regard to eight Vietnamese men aged 18-30 years, interviewed over 13 months of fieldwork in Hanoi, Vietnam. …

  10. Adolescents' knowledge, attitude and practice concerning HIV/AIDS in Sierra-Leone : Survey Report

    The key objective of the survey was to ascertain adolescents HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and practice, determine their access to the media in so far as getting vital information on HIV/AIDS, and ascertain their acceptance and credibility of the information they receive. The responses were to be analyzed by differentials of age, sex and spatial variations. …

  11. The Global Criminalisation Scan Report 2010. Documenting trends, presenting evidence

    The Global Criminalisation Scan Report 2010. Documenting trends, presenting evidence is a document written on behalf of the Global Network of people living with HIV (GNP+) in 2010. This report gives a global overview of the extent to which criminal and other laws have been used to prosecute people living with HIV for HIV transmission and exposure. The full impact of these laws on the human rights of people living with HIV and on access to treatment, care and support has yet to be fully understood. …

  12. Programme VIH/SIDA. Faits marquants 2008-09

    Le présent rapport met en évidence les apports de l'OMS à l'accès universel en 2008 et 2009. Il décrit la façon dont l'OMS travaille et identifie des réalisations spécifiques dans chacun des cinq domaines stratégiques suivants : 1) permettre aux patients de connaitre leur statu sérologique ; 2) maximiser la contribution du secteur de la santé à la prévention du VIH ; 3) accélérer l'extension du traitement et des soins en matière de VIH ; 4) renforcer et étendre les systèmes de santé ; et 5) investir dans l'information stratégique pour tenter de mieux étayer la riposte au VIH.

  13. Preventing teen pregnancy among marginalized youth: Developing a policy, program, and research agenda for the future

    The document is a report produced by Healthy Teen Networks in September 2008. Its vision is that all young people make responsible decisions regarding their sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors. The document focuses on improving the effective transition to adulthood among all young by examining how to be more effective in reducing their risk of early pregnancy. …

  14. Canadian Youth, Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Study: Factors influencing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours

    Le présent rapport expose les conclusions d'une étude coordonnée par le Conseil des ministres de l'Éducation (Canada) [CMEC] et financée par la Stratégie canadienne sur le VIH/sida de Santé Canada. Il s'agit d'un portrait contemporain du comportement sexuel des adolescents et adolescentes. Plus précisément, il a pour but d'améliorer la compréhension des facteurs qui contribuent à la santé sexuelle des jeunes Canadiens et Canadiens, en explorant les déterminants socioculturels, socio-environnementaux et interpersonnels du comportement sexuel des jeunes. …

  15. Tackling HIV-related stigma and discrimination in South Asia

    In its 2008 round, Tackling HIV and AIDS Stigma and Discrimination, the South Asia Region Development Marketplace (SARDM) supported 26 implementers from six countries to pilot innovative interventions over a 12- to 18-month period. The findings in this report are based on project monitoring and evaluation data collected by SARDM implementers and six case studies conducted by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). They suggest some broad crosscutting principles as well as programmatic lessons associated with specific approaches. …

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