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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National HIV prevention strategy 2011-2015: expanding and doing HIV prevention better

    The overall goal of the strategy is to reduce the HIV incidence by at least 30 percent based on 2009 baseline. This will result into 40 percent reduction of the projected number of new HIV infections by 2015, in line with the HIV prevention targets in the National Development Plan and avert about 180,000 new infections over five years. Virtual elimination of vertical transmission of HIV is an integral part of this overall goal. The strategy has five objectives: 1. To increase adoption of safer sexual behaviours and reduce risk taking behaviours. 2. …

  2. HIV and AIDS strategic plan for the Parliament of the Kingdom of Swaziland 2010-2014

    The Plan is tool that will be used to mobilize parliamentarians and create a broad awareness among them of HIV and AIDS, and in particular articulate what they can do to combat the epidemic. The plan identifies and articulates critical areas of interventions where Parliamentarians can make a difference given their parliamentary and electorate mandates and comparative advantages. The Strategic Plan is organised around five components i.e. Advocacy, policy and legislation; Governance and leadership; Community outreach; Resource mobilisation; and Monitoring and reporting oversight. …

  3. Projet de prévention du VIH/SIDA chez les femmes et les filles dans les zones urbaines et rurales en République du Congo : Rapport d'évaluation finale

    En dépit des efforts du Gouvernement et des organisations de la société civile, notamment des associations féminines, le risque d’infection au VIH en République du Congo reste élevé. L’enquête de séroprévalence nationale réalisée en 2003 a révélé un taux de prévalence de 4,2% au niveau national, avec une tendance à la féminisation de la pandémie (4,7% chez les femmes contre 3,6% chez les hommes). De ce constat est né le « Projet de Prévention du VIH/SIDA chez les femmes et les filles dans les zones urbaines et rurales en République du Congo ». …

  4. National AIDS Spending Assessment 2009-2010 - NASA III (2009-2010)

    The National AIDS Authority (NAA), as part of its mandate to monitor and evaluate the national response to HIV and AIDS in Cambodia, conducted the third National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA III) in early 2011. The assessment covered 2009 and 2010, and together with data obtained in the two previous NASA rounds, has allowed for analysis of trends in resource flows from 2006 to 2010. …

  5. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  6. Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

    Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

  7. Roadmap on shared responsibility and global solidarity for AIDS, TB and malaria response in Africa

    Structured around three strategic pillars—health governance, diversified financing and access to medicines—the Roadmap offers a set of practical and African-owned solutions to enhance sustainable responses to AIDS, TB and malaria. It defines goals, expected results, roles and responsibilities to hold stakeholders accountable over a three-year time frame, through 2015.

  8. AIDS dependency crisis: sourcing African solutions

    This issues brief presents African sourced solutions to reduce external dependency in the HIV response, including: -Strengthening African ownership of development investments through utilizing more diversified funding sources; -Creating an African Medicines Regulatory Agency for faster roll out of drugs and stronger quality assurance; and -Catalysing local production of medicines in partnership with the BRICS group of countries and other emerging economies. Now is the perfect time to address these issues. …

  9. Review of national AIDS councils in Africa: Findings from five countries

    National AIDS councils (NACs) were established in many African countries to co-ordinate the multi-sectoral response to HIV/ AIDS. Their main mandate is to provide strategic leadership and co-ordinate activities geared to fight against HIV/AIDS. This study sought to understand the extent to which NACs have achieved their goals and the challenges they face. Best practices were identified and shared among countries involved, so as to enhance their efforts. This review is crucial given that the fight against HIV/AIDS is far from being won. …

  10. Toward Universal Access: Examples of municipal HIV programming for men who have sex with men and transgender people is six Asian cities

    This report analyzes current city-level responses in Manila, Bangkok, Jakarta, Yangon, Ho Chi Minh City and Chengdu to highlight innovate responses and underlines that city-based responses will have a critical impact on tackling HIV among MSM and transgender persons. The study also confirms that progress continues to be hampered by the existence of restrictive legal environment and policies, selective enforcement practices and the lack of local coordination between health, law enforcement officials and community based organizations. …

  11. The national strategic plan for comprehensive and multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS III (2011-2015) in Cambodia

    The overall goals of NSP III are: 1) To reduce the number of new HIV infections through scaled targeted prevention; and 2) To provide care and support to people living with and affected by HIV and AIDS; and 3) To alleviate the socioeconomic and human impact of AIDS on the individual, family, community and society. …

  12. Transforming the national AIDS response: advancing women's leadership and participation

    Drawing on the analysis of more than 100 key informant interviews as well as 100 global survey responses, this report is an effort to better understand where and in what ways women, particularly those most affected by the epidemic, are participating in the response; the opportunities for and challenges to their participation; and strategies that can be implemented and steps taken to advance their full and meaningful participation at all levels in order to ensure that the response to HIV and AIDS reflects women's priorities and needs. …

  13. Intensifying HIV prevention: UNAIDS policy position paper

    El objetivo primordial del documento es activar y movilizar la intensificación de la prevención del VIH con el propósito final de alcanzar el acceso universal al tratamiento y prevención del VIH. El documento define las principales acciones que deben llevarse a cabo para contener la propagación de nuevas infecciones por el VIH e invertir así el curso de la epidemia de SIDA. Asimismo, indica las medidas que deben tomarse para reducir con prontitud y eficacia el déficit de la prevención del VIH a partir de la sinergia entre la prevención y la atención del VIH, y para asegurar la sostenibilidad del la ampliación del tratamiento del VIH en el contexto actual. Destaca también el papel del ONUSIDA en la intensificación de la prevención del VIH y señala los métodos que pueden emplearse para emprender acciones de apoyo conjuntas. El presente documento está dirigido a todos aquellos que desempeñan una función de liderazgo en la prevención, tratamiento y atención del VIH. Sus fundamentos se basan en la Declaración de compromiso sobre el VIH/SIDA adoptada por todos los Estados Miembros de las Naciones Unidas en la Décima Reunión de la Junta Coordinadora del Programa del ONUSIDA, celebrada en Río de Janeiro en diciembre de 2000. El documento se apoya además en los compromisos expresados en el Programa de Acción de la Conferencia Internacional sobre Población y Desarrollo y en la Plataforma para la Acción de Beijing, así como en los informes de seguimiento de éstos. Asimismo, destaca las significativas oportunidades que existen para el fortalecimiento de la prevención del VIH en el contexto de los programas de terapia antirretrovírica tales como la Iniciativa "Tres millones para 2005", destinada a ampliar el tratamiento antirretrovírico en los países en desarrollo. Este documento consta de cuatro secciones principales. En la Sección 1 se exponen los motivos por los que la prevención del VIH debe reforzarse considerablemente a fin de superar los retos actuales y aprovechar las oportunidades existentes. En la Sección 2 se describen las acciones clave que han de constituir el núcleo de la respuesta de prevención del VIH y los principios centrales subyacentes a dichas acciones. En la Sección 3, se señalan los pasos que deben seguir los asociados nacionales para ampliar la prevención del VIH en el ámbito nacional. En la Sección 4 se describe el apoyo que proporcionará a este proceso el ONUSIDA. Por último, el apoyo que la Junta Coordinadora del Programa del ONUSIDA manifestó al presente Documento de Posición de Política en su Decimoséptima Reunión está recogido en el Anexo.

  14. Youth participation and leadership: an effective tool in combating HIV/AIDS in southern Africa

    The case studies throughout this paper are designed to serve three purposes: to share promising practice of where National AIDS Authorities across the region are working with young people and to showcase activities and methods of youth participation that could be replicated; to demonstrate the benefits to NAAs of working with young people; to start sharing solutions to some of the common barriers to working with young people faced by NAAs. …

  15. Turning the tide: an open strategy for a response to AIDS in the Pacific. Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific

    The Pacific is home to some of the world's smallest, least developed, and most isolated communities. Development progress over the past 30 years, particularly in economic growth and poverty reduction, has been slow, uneven, and in some countries, even negative. Pacific island countries have also experienced pockets of instability with social and political unrest, civil conflicts and natural disasters all contributing to the region's development burden. The region's vulnerability is compounded by the impacts of climate change and globalization. …

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