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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Punitive laws, key population size estimates, and Global AIDS Response Progress Reports: an ecological study of 154 countries

    UN global plans on HIV/AIDS have committed to reducing the number of countries with punitive laws criminalizing key populations. This study explores whether punitive laws are associated with countries’ performance on targets set in the global plans. As a result, it states that a significantly larger proportion of countries that criminalize same-sex sexual behaviour reported implausibly low size estimates or no size estimates for MSM. …

  2. No one left behind: understanding key populations, achieving triple zeros by 2030

    This book focuses on 6 key populations, i.e. sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, beach boys and prisoners. It describes reasons why these key populations are at higher risk of acquiring HIV infections, the current situation of Sri Lankan laws and how discrimination and social stigma prevent these particular key population groups approaching health care services. …

  3. South Asia regional advocacy framework and resource guide: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This South Asia Regional Advocacy Framework and Resource Guide was developed to assist organizations in South Asia to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. …

  4. Sri Lanka advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Sri Lanka to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programmes as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  5. Nepal advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Nepal to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  6. Bhutan advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bhutan to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  7. Bangladesh advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bangladesh to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  8. Regional legal reference resource. Protective laws related to HIV, men who have sex with men and transgender people in South Asia. Promoting a legal enabling environment and strengthening the legal response to HIV

    This Reference Resource documents key protective laws focused on HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in five countries in South Asia. The two primary objectives of the Reference Resource are to: 1. build the capacity of legal professionals to analyze protective laws (focusing on people living with HIV, MSM and transgender people); and 2. develop a resource to support legislative drafting, law reform and advocacy initiatives.

  9. The global state of harm reduction: towards an integrated response

    The Global State of Harm Reduction 2012 presents the major developments in harm reduction policy adoption and programme implementation that have occurred since 2010. …

  10. Addressing the needs of young men who have sex with men, APCOM Policy Brief

    This APCOM policy brief presents evidence on the vulnerability of young MSM, particularly with regard to HIV & AIDS. It highlights the gaps in strategic information in the region, particularly for young transgender people. It encourages countries to strengthen health promotion programmes for high-risk youth, while ensuring appropriate services for those who are HIV-positive. The brief calls on countries to engage young MSM and transgender people in national AIDS response, and to review and challenge laws criminalising sex between men.

  11. HIV Prevention Report Card for MSM and Transgender People: Cambodia

    This Report Card summarizes the current situation of HIV prevention strategies and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in Cambodia and aims to support efforts to increase and improve the programmatic, policy and funding actions taken on HIV prevention. The research analyzes four key components that are widely recognized to be essential for effective action on HIV prevention for key populations: Legal and social context, availability of services, accessibility of services, and participation and rights. …

  12. Assessment: legal and regulatory framework affecting treatment and services for most-at-risk populations in Ghana

    In recognition of the importance of an enabling legal and policy environment that supports MARPs and their access to services, the Ghana AIDS Commission requested that the United States Agency for International Development - supported Health Policy Initiative conduct a qualitative assessment to develop an understanding of the current legal and policy framework for MARPs. An enabling environment reduces stigma and discrimination (S&D) against MARPs, protects their rights, and ensures that they have access to needed services. …

  13. Legal Environments, Human Rights and HIV Responses among Men who have Sex with Men and transgender People in Asia and the Pacific: An Agenda for Action

    The Asia Pacific region is truly at a critical moment in its response to HIV. One of the biggest and most immediate challenges is confronting the rapidly rising rates of infection among men who have sex with men and transgender people. This in a region already mired in long-running challenges from legal and social barriers that inhibit effective programming and resource allocation, and from deep-rooted stigma in health care settings. Urgent action is required. …

  14. Guía de incidencia política en VIH/SIDA: hombres gay y otros hsh

    Eláobjetivo central de este documento es proporcionar a hombres gays y otros hombres que tienen sexo con hombres, los lineamientos básicos sobre cómo incidir políticamente (es decir, hacer advocacy) en los programas de prevención y tratamiento de ITS/VIH/SIDA. La presente guía comienza con una revisión del panorama de la epidemiología del vih/sida en América Latina y el Caribe elaborada por José Antonio Izazola. A partir de ahí, intenta trazar el surgimiento de la incidencia política como una estrategia válida para la conquista de los derechos de los HSH. …

  15. Análisis de la respuesta normativa para la prevención y atención de la población vulnerable (hsh, trans y ts) frente a las its y vih

    El presente análisis de la normatividad referente a las poblaciones vulnerables: Hombres que tienen Sexo con Hombres, Transgéneros, Transexuales, Travestis, Trabajadoras y Trabajadores Sexuales, tiene como objetivo establecer nuevos límites al marco normativo actual del Perú, impactando de manera clara en los mecanismos de promoción y protección de sus derechos en general. …

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