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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Situation analysis of legal and regulatory aspects of HIV and AIDS in Seychelles: final report

    This analysis of legal and regulatory aspects in the context of HIV and AIDS seeks to clarify how existing laws, policies and practices and their implementation and enforcement either support or undermine an effective HIV response in the country. This is important to ensure an effective HIV response that protects and promotes the human rights of people living with HIV and of most at risk and vulnerable populations. …

  2. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  3. Effective laws to end HIV and AIDS: Next steps for parliaments

    With the global AIDS response becoming increasingly hampered by the criminalization of key populations, this study aims to encourage and assist parliamentary scrutiny of legislation that impedes effective HIV interventions. It highlights the various processes in selected parliaments that led to the adoption of laws with a positive impact on the AIDS response. Although such outcomes were not always easy to achieve, they were mainly the result of inspired leadership by parliamentarians able to overcome the moral obstacles that had stifled socially sensitive issues in political debate.

  4. Botswana national policy on HIV and AIDS 2012

    The objective of the National Policy on HIV and AIDS is to: Prevent the spread of HIV infection and reduce the socioeconomic impact of this disease; Create a policy environment for the provision of adequate and equitable care and support to those infected and affected with HIV and AIDS; To reduce HIV and AIDS related stigma and discrimination towards persons infected with or affected by HIV and AIDS and draw attention to the compelling public health rationale for overcoming stigmatization and discrimination against them in society; Promote coordination in order to enhance implementation of the …

  5. HIV/AIDS and the South African Bill of Rights, with specific reference to the approach and role of the courts

    An outstanding feature of the 1996 South African Constitution is the inclusion of a Bill of Rights, which contains all the categories of human rights that are ordinarily included in most international human rights instruments. Section 27 provides for, among other things, the right to health care services and the right to emergency medical treatment. Several other provisions in the Bill of Rights are quite relevant to the fight against HIV/AIDS and to protecting the rights of those who are infected. …

  6. Implementation of regional and international HIV prevention, trreatment, care and support conventions and declarations in Swaziland and Zambia

    Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with support from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA), commissioned country studies in Zambia and the Kingdom of Swaziland in 2008. The aim of the study was to examine the extent to which these countries were implementing HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support (impact mitigation) strategies and services, in line with major international commitments and declarations to which they are signatories. …

  7. The Prevention and Control of HIV and AIDS Act, 2007

    An Act to provide for the prevention, management and control of HIV and AIDS, for the treatment, counseling, support and care of persons infected with, affected by or at risk of HIV and AIDS infection and for other related matters.

  8. Interim strategic plan for multi-sectoral for HIV response in Ethiopia (2009-2010/11)

    This Interim SPM covers only the period 2009-2010 in order to create opportunities to align strategies with other major sector (HSDP) and development (PASDEP) plans which also end in 2010. During the interim period, multi-sectoral actors at all levels working on HIV issues are expected to develop and implement their respective plans based on this SPM. During the Interim period a number of structural changes within the sector will be given chance to settle. A number of planned national surveys will also provide more accurate information to develop a five-year plan.

  9. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  10. HIV/AIDS: a threat to decent work, productivity and development: document for discussion at the Special High-level Meeting on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work, Geneva, 8 June 2000

    Much has been learned about the pandemic and how it should be addressed - and in particular that AIDS prevention and care are complex issues requiring a multi-sectoral approach. However, the full potential role of the world of work as a major venue for partnerships and interventions to prevent HIV/AIDS, protect workers and reduce its impact on business remains untapped. …

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