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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. "It's not normal": sexual exploitation, harassment and abuse in secondary schools in Senegal

    “It’s not normal” documents how female students are exposed to sexual exploitation, harassment, and abuse in middle and upper secondary schools. Based on interviews and focus group discussions with more than 160 girls and young women, the report documents cases of teachers who abuse their position of authority by sexually harassing girls and engage in sexual relations with them, promising students money, good grades, food, or items such as mobile phones and new clothes. …

  2. Women living with HIV speak out against violence: A collection of essays and reflections of women living with and affected by HIV

    Violence against women and girls is an unacceptable violation of basic human rights. It also is so widespread that ending it must be a global public health priority. An estimated one in three women is beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused by an intimate partner during her lifetime. Intimate partner violence has been shown to increase the risk of HIV infection by around 50%, and violence (and the fear of violence) deters women and girls from seeking services for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.

  3. Les violences de genre en milieu scolaire comme facteur de déscolarisation des filles en Afrique subsaharienne francophone

    Ce rapport s’inscrit dans le cadre des travaux menés par le groupe de travail sur les « violences de genre en milieu scolaire comme facteur de déscolarisation des filles » lancé par le ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes et l’Association Genre en Action. Ce dossier se focalise sur les violences de genre exercées au sein de l’école et autour de l’école dans vingt pays d’Afrique francophone.

  4. What HIV programs work for adolescent girls?

    Background: Adolescent girls face unique challenges in reducing their risk of acquiring HIV because of gender inequalities, but much of HIV programming and evaluation lacks a specific focus on female adolescents. Methods: This article, based on a review of 150 studies and evaluations from 2001 to June 2013, reviews evidence on programming for adolescents that is effective for girls or could be adapted to be effective for girls. Results: The evidence suggests specific interventions for adolescent girls across 3 critical areas: (1) an enabling environment, including keeping girls in school …

  5. Strengthening the enabling environment for women and girls: what is the evidence in social and structural approaches in the HIV response?

    There is growing interest in expanding public health approaches that address social and structural drivers that affect the environment in which behaviour occurs. Half of those living with HIV infection are women. The sociocultural and political environment in which women live can enable or inhibit their ability to protect themselves from acquiring HIV. …

  6. Deadly Delay: South Africa's Efforts to Prevent HIV in Survivors of Sexual Violence

    This 73-page report documents how government inaction and misinformation from high-level officials have undermined the effectiveness of South Africa’s program to provide rape survivors with post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) — antiretroviral drugs that can reduce the risk of contracting HIV from an HIV-positive attacker.

  7. Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women's Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS. Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence; Volume Two: Family and Property Issues

    Legislation can be instrumental in impeding or promoting initiatives to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The widespread legal, social, economic and political ramifications of the epidemic make it necessary to review and reform a broad range of laws. Within a context of entrenched gender discrimination, the devastating impacts of HIV/AIDS, widespread poverty and increasing competition for resources such as property and land, legislative solutions to the denial of women's rights are urgently needed. …

  8. Violencia contra las mujeres y VIH/sida en cuatro países del MERCOSUR: Estadísticas, políticas públicas, legislación y estado del arte

    El presente informe se realizó en el marco del Proyecto "Dos caras de una misma realidad. Violencia contra las mujeres y feminización del VIH en el Mercosur", realizado en Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay con el apoyo del Fondo Fiduciario del Fondo de Desarrollo de Naciones Unidas para la Mujer (UNIFEM). Como parte de dicho proyecto, en 2008 las organizaciones responsables de cada país elaboraron un informe de situación nacional en base a una guía común de manera de contar con información comparable. …

  9. Las Mujeres, claves en la respuesta a la epidemia del VIH

    Documento sobre la situación de la mujer y el VIH/SIDA en Guatemala. Se detallan todos los problemas de discriminación y acceso al tratamiento, y los factores clave en la respuesta al VIH/SIDA como son la educación y la información, y la labor de distintas entidades que las apoyan.

  10. Reproductive rights of young girls and adolescents in Russia: a shadow report

    The report presents the legal status and real-life situation of female adolescents in Russia. The purpose of the shadow report is to supplement teh report of the government on reproductive health issues.

  11. Early marriage: child spouses

    This issue of Digest focuses on early marriages that take place under the age of 18 - the upper limit for protection under the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child. It examines the practice in all regions and the harmful impact of early marriage on children and society and offers positive guidelines to end the practice of early marriage.

  12. Inquiétudes féminines: reportage de femmes sur la violence basée sur le genre

    This booklet deals with various aspects of gender-based violence (domestic violence, sexual abuse, legislation and policies etc.) as seen by female journalists.

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