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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is a direct follow-up to Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health (July 2012) and the Asia-Pacific Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law convened in Bangkok in February 2011. This study identifies the laws that states of Asia and the Pacific have put in place to provide legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations and the lessons learned from implementation and enforcement. …

  2. A case for legal protection for sexual minority educators

    Discrimination based on sexual orientation in K–12 education is not prohibited in many school districts across the United States. Teachers who are of the sexual minority (gay, lesbian, or bisexual) must remain closeted or risk losing their jobs. A history of past court decisions and laws deeming sexual minorities to be degenerates from which children should be protected, coupled with little legal protection for sexual minorities, have pressured many educators into remaining quiet about their identity. …

  3. Child consent in South African law: Implications for researchers, service providers and policy-makers

    Children under 18 are legal minors who, in South African law, are not fully capable of acting independently without assistance from parents/legal guardians. However, in recognition of the evolving capacity of children, there are exceptional circumstances where the law has granted minors the capacity to act independently. …

  4. Born free and equal: sexual orientation and gender identity in international human rights law

    The purpose of this booklet is to set out the core obligations that States have towards LGBT persons, and describe how United Nations mechanisms have applied international law in this context. For the past eighteen years, United Nations human rights treaty bodies and special procedures have documented violations of the human rights of LGBT people and analysed State compliance with international human rights law. …

  5. Making it work: Lessons learnt from three regional workshops to integrate human rights into national HIV strategic plans

    Human rights are legal guarantees: they apply to everyone. However, these may be perceived by stakeholders in the national HIV response as separate from HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. And yet without a human rights-based approach to HIV, it is unlikely that an HIV response will be effective. …

  6. HIV and the law: Risks, rights and health

    The report "HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health" presents public health, human rights and legal analysis and makes recommendations for law and policy makers, civil society, development partners and private sector actors involved in crafting a sustainable global response to HIV.

  7. Human Rights Protections for Sexual Minorities in Insular Southeast Asia: Issues and Implications for Effective HIV Prevention

    This desk review examines the human rights situation for sexual minorities in six countries in insular Southeast Asia, namely Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Timor-Leste. It considers domestic laws and practices, as well as the international human rights instruments and obligations that each country is signatory. It concludes with recommendations to improve the rights framework in the sub-region so that HIV prevention and health programmes can be more accessible and responsive to the needs of sexual minorities.

  8. Compendium Afghanistan: National and international commitments on the equal right of all children to quality education in inclusive and child-friendly settings

    This Compendium brings together in one document all the main conventions, declarations, and laws that support the right of all the children of Afghanistan. It is designed to help ensure that all children are able to realise their right to access quality education in schools that are both inclusive and child-friendly. Inclusive and child-friendly education is a developmental approach seeking to address the individual learning needs of all children, with special focus on those children who are vulnerable to marginalisation from and within the education system.

  9. Assessment of the current level of human rights understanding in Swaziland

    Although this study is the assessment of human rights understanding in Swaziland, it is broader not only in the sense that it has tried to gauge attitudes and to some extent practices which it is believed would qualify these levels of understanding. Furthermore, key informants were approached to put human rights in context with regard to the various constituencies that exist in the country. To this end the study contains some specific references to current legislation as well as the Constitutional dispensation. …

  10. Enabling legal environments for effective HIV responses: a leadership challenge for the Commonwealth

    The purpose of this report is to define an agenda for action on HIV and the law in Commonwealth states. This agenda is intended to inform the work of legislators, officials and diplomats of Commonwealth states. It is also intended to assist civil society organisations to engage with governments of Commonwealth states on the legal dimensions of HIV responses. The report provides recommendations for governments, civil society organisations and Commonwealth institutions. …

  11. HIV in Prisons: Situation and Needs Assessment Toolkit

    This toolkit aims to provide information and guidance, primarily, to national governments. It is written with low and middle-income countries in mind, but it will also be a useful resource for high-income countries. Its focus is on HIV, but it recognizes that other diseases linked to HIV, in particular hepatitis and tuberculosis, also represent serious problems in prisons. The toolkit is divided into two sections. The first section provides a description of the characteristics of HIV in prisons, prisoners' unique requirements and principles of assessments. …

  12. Toolkit: Scaling up HIV-related legal services

    This toolkit is a practical resource to improve the quality and impact of HIV-related legal services and to expand their availability. The toolkit provides guidance on factors to be taken into account when designing and scaling up an HIV-related legal services program. It also provides guidance about different models and approaches for delivering, monitoring and evaluating HIV-related legal services, and gives information about resource mobilization.

  13. Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa

    Ce numérode la Revue VIH/SIDA, Droit et politique évoque la question de la la législation mise en oeuvre en réponse au VIH et au SIDA. Les lois modèles peuvent être un élément utile à la lutte contre le VIH/sida, mais à condition d'être solidement ancrées dans les principes des droits humains. En 2004, l'organisme AWARE-HIV/AIDS a préparé une loi type sur le VIH, pour l'Afrique occidentale. Quelques pays de cette région ont déjà rédigé des lois nationales fondées sur cette loi type. Dans ce principal article de la revue, certaines des principales dispositions de cette loi type sont étudiées. …

  14. Human Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS and Other Sexually Transmissible Infections (STIs): Government Duties to Ensure Prevention, Care, and Non-Discrimination

    This briefing paper takes an in-depth look at the standards developed by six UN treaty monitoring bodies, or committees, in the area of HIV/AIDS and other STIs. Following a brief overview of the origin and work of the committees, this paper reviews standards each body has adopted as it has monitored governments' compliance with their duties under international human rights law. In repeated statements, these bodies have made clear that, in the context of HIV/AIDS and other STIs, governments are bound by international standards to ensure prevention, care, and protection from discrimination. …

  15. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: A Resource Guide

    This guide is a part of a complete resource guide on HIV/AIDS, Health and human rights. It's a user-friendly, multi-purpose resource that can be used on a regular basis on the job. The toolkit is a practical reference tool to use in day-to-day work, which contains a lot of thematic sheets. It is a starting point for a wide range of health and human rights programming. …

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