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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Life orientation sexuality education in South Africa: Gendered norms, justice and transformation

    Research on sexual practices among young South Africans has proliferated in light of the national imperatives to challenge the spread of HIV/AIDS, gender-based violence and unwanted early pregnancies. It has been widely acknowledged that, in order to respond to these social problems, we need to understand the enmeshment of gender, class, age and other forms of social inequality, and how these are played out in ‘normal’ heterosexual relationships.

  2. In-school HIV and AIDS counselling services in Botswana: an exploratory study

    This exploratory study describes the provision of HIV & AIDS counselling services in Botswana junior secondary schools as perceived by teachers. A total of 45 teachers (age range = 20-55; teaching experience range = 0-21 years) from three schools participated. The participants completed a questionnaire on the types of HIV & AIDS-related counselling services provided in the junior secondary schools services, their self-rated HIV & AIDS counselling training needs and their perceived importance of the HIV & AIDS-related counselling services. …

  3. Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education

    Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education is a paper resulting from a study conducted in 2005-2006 on the 2004 HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy. It investigates the practical implications of the policy document in addressing provisions related to orphaned and vulnerable children and the teaching and learning of HIV/AIDS education. The paper further assesses practitioners' understanding of the policy. …

  4. The link between health, social issues, and secondary education : life skills, health, and civic education

    This thematic study is about the link between health, social issues and secondary education. The study is based on country studies in six Sub Saharan Africa countries (Eritrea, Mali, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa and Tanzania) and a literature review. It looks at the role of secondary education and training in promoting health, civics and life skills among the African youth. …

  5. Are schools safe havens for children? Examining school-related gender-based violence

    Despite the critical importance of addressing school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV), there is limited understanding of both the depth and breadth of such violence, and the causes and consequences for children and society. This report reviews the literature on school-related gender-based violence in developing countries in an effort to improve understanding of its causes, prevalence, and consequences. This is a synthesis and analysis of literature on SRGBV and an introduction to interventions that are addressing the problem. …

  6. Dare to be different: enhancing life skills education for HIV prevention in South African schools

    Horizons, in cooperation with local stakeholders and the Mpumalanga Department of Education, is conducting a study to explore the feasibility and acceptability of the integration of a life skills curriculum centered around sexual abstinence and faithfulness into the Department of Education's Life Orientation Program for learners in grades 6 and 7 (aged 10-14) in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa.

  7. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education and Institutionalizing Preventive Education

    The objective of this publication is to provide a compilation of various research findings on the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in countries south of the Sahara, which is the world's most infected region. It also presents different options available to the education ministries and government decision-makers with regard to the use of education as an instrument to mitigate the effect of HIV/AIDS, as well as a tool for its prevention.

  8. Teacher Training: Essential for School-Based Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Education. Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa

    Teacher training in any subject is important. For teaching information and skills related to reproductive health (RH) and HIV/AIDS, teacher training is even more essential - and complex. In many countries of sub-Saharan Africa, the AIDS epidemic has spread to the general population, with up to half of all new HIV infections occurring among youth under age 25. Since most youth attend school at least for primary education, school-based programs are a logical place to reach young people. …

  9. Study on the Impact of the Schools HIV/AIDS Intervention Programme in Swaziland

    The study was especially commissioned to find out the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector. It concentrated on the impact on the population as a whole, and made projections of the numbers of the infected and affected adults. There was no specific information about affected and infected teachers save for the fact that due to the high rate of infections and AIDS related deaths, training of teachers had to be intensified. …

  10. Saving children, enhancing lives: combating HIV and AIDS in South Africa

    The document provides a succinct overview of the burden and impact of HIV and AIDS in South African children and reviews the progress made in preventing HIV and mitigating its impacts on children and affected families. It lays out the bottlenecks for wide scale delivery of services and outlines UNICEF priority actions to support scaling up evidence-based high impact interventions that could help South Africa attain its Vision 2014 of turning the tide against HIV.

  11. New challenges for schools AIDS education within an evolving HIV pandemic

    This paper describes the evolution of school-based HIV prevention programmes and their theoretical frameworks, as well as present barriers to their implementation. Examples of several best practices will highlight the key role of the education sector in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS. The paper concludes with an innovative suggestion for the establishment of a new profession: the AIDS educator.

  12. Mitigating the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education

    At present, Malawi's urban areas indicate an HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of nearly 26%, with rural areas having a prevalence around 12%. …

  13. Life skills-based education for HIV prevention: a critical analysis

    This paper was developed for the working group on education and HIV/AIDS, and summarises issues raised at a meeting in London on 17 May, 2004.Over the last decade, there has been increased support for the teaching of life skills to young people, partly due to the perceived limitations of information-based HIV/AIDS education. However, implementing life skills education in schools to date has proved to be problematic, especially in circumstances where approaches to teaching are very formal. …

  14. An Impact Assessment Survey of the School Based HIV/AIDS Programmes in Namibia

    Having instituted the HIV/AIDS education and prevention programmes in schools, the Ministry of Basic Education must now know and ascertain their utility and, justify their continuity and expansion to other regions. Or, verify their futility, and find ways to address and improve their delivery. Also, the unabating spread of HIV/AIDS in Namibia compelled the Ministry of Basic Education and Culture to assess the effectiveness of its programmes.The survey was conducted to primarily determine the impact of school-based HIV/AIDS programmes. …

  15. Streamlining School and College Curricula in Swaziland: An assessment study on the response of education sector towards HIV/AIDS and life skills education

    This report discusses the intervention and mitigaiton methods introduced by the Ministry of Education of Swaziland in order to combat the increasing prevalennce rates of HIV/AIDS in the 15-24 age group. Through Life skills education programmes intergrated into all subjects, the MOE hoped to salvage the window of hope which is this age group. This paper discusses the other missing factors with this implementation such as policies to guide the implementation and coordinating machinery or organisations to moitor and evaluate it.

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