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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. In the absence of marriage: long-term concurrent partnerships, pregnancy, and HIV risk dynamics among South African young adults

    In KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, where HIV prevalence is among the world's highest, a longitudinal qualitative study of partnership dynamics and HIV preventive behaviors was conducted. 47 young adults aged 18-24 participated in in-depth interviews, and 29 were re-interviewed 2 years later. Five analytical domains emerged: primary partnerships, love and romance; secondary partnerships; pregnancy/parenthood; condom use/prevention; and contextual influences, including schooling and future aspirations. …

  2. Prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people in Bangladesh: improving access to life skills based sexual and reproductive health education and condom services for male youth

    Around the world youth often do not have access to basic sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information, skills in negotiating sexual relationships and access to affordable confidential SRH services. They lack proper knowledge about their own or their partners' sexuality, communicate very little about sex in their relationships, and believe in numerous sexual myths. In Bangladesh, youth aged 15-24 years represent approximately one-sixth (23 million) of the total population. …

  3. Situation Assessment of Adolescents for Life Skills and HIV Prevention in selected districts of Pakistan

    A dearth of information on situation of adolescents exists in Pakistan and there is little evidence on which to build policies and programmes. …

  4. Going to scale: sustained risk reduction behavior for youth. Evaluation report for government of the Netherlands and UNICEF Malawi.

    This document is an evaluation of the UNICEF programme "Going to scale, sustained risk reduction behaviour for youth" sponsored by the Netherlands Government and realized in 2000. The programme commenced in January 1997 and extended to December 2000. This project aims at providing in and out of school youth with the necessary tools and skills to avoid risk sexual behaviour in order to reduce the HIV transmission rate. …

  5. A force for change: young people and HIV/AIDS in South Asia

    The report presents a profile of youth in South Asia with regard to gender equality, quality education, access to health information and services, support and protection from parents, peers, and caregivers.

  6. Teacher Training: Essential for School-Based Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Education. Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa

    Teacher training in any subject is important. For teaching information and skills related to reproductive health (RH) and HIV/AIDS, teacher training is even more essential - and complex. In many countries of sub-Saharan Africa, the AIDS epidemic has spread to the general population, with up to half of all new HIV infections occurring among youth under age 25. Since most youth attend school at least for primary education, school-based programs are a logical place to reach young people. …

  7. Mitigating the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education

    At present, Malawi's urban areas indicate an HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of nearly 26%, with rural areas having a prevalence around 12%. …

  8. Life skills-based education for HIV prevention: a critical analysis

    This paper was developed for the working group on education and HIV/AIDS, and summarises issues raised at a meeting in London on 17 May, 2004.Over the last decade, there has been increased support for the teaching of life skills to young people, partly due to the perceived limitations of information-based HIV/AIDS education. However, implementing life skills education in schools to date has proved to be problematic, especially in circumstances where approaches to teaching are very formal. …

  9. At the crossroads: accelerating youth access to HIV/AIDS interventions

    Young people remain at the centre of the epidemic in terms of transmission, vulnerability, impact, and potential for change. Today's young generation, the largest in history, has not known a world without AIDS. Of the over 1 billion young people worldwide, 10 million are currently living with HIV. If we are to reach the global targets set forth in international agreements, urgent action and increased investment must be made in HIV prevention, treatment and care programmes specifically for young people.

  10. Life skills approach to child and adolescent healthy human development

    This paper describes life skills approach as a best-practice that contribute to the healthy development of adolescents. This approach falls into three complementary basic categories: i) Social or interpersonal skills, including communication, negotiation skills, assertiveness, cooperation, empathy; ii) Cognitive skills, including problem solving, decision making, critical thinking, self-evaluation and iii) Emotional coping skills.

  11. Assessment of life skills programmes: a study of secondary schools in Durban metro and Mtunzini magisterial district

    This report presents the results of a school survey whereby 277 principals were interviewed in all secondary schools in Durban Metro and Mtunzini Magisterial Districts in Kwa-Zulu Natal Province, South Africa. This study was intended to shed a better light on adolescent sexual behaviour and thus evaluate the effectiveness of various life skills programmes.

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