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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A Framework for media engagement on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity in South Asia: Regional framework, literature review and country case studies

    A Framework for Media Engagement on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Asia: Regional Framework, Literature Review and Country Case Studies provides direction for how men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender communities should engage with the media, and how the media itself should leverage its influence to reduce stigma and discrimination, educate and raise awareness of human rights issues, and support strategies and programmes that improve the political, social and legal environments for MSM and transgender people in South Asia. …

  2. A surprising prevention success: Why did the HIV epidemic decline in Zimbabwe?

    There is growing recognition that primary prevention, including behavior change, must be central in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The earlier successes in Thailand and Uganda may not be fully relevant to the severely affected countries of southern Africa. We conducted an extensive multi-disciplinary synthesis of the available data on the causes of the remarkable HIV decline that has occurred in Zimbabwe (29% estimated adult prevalence in 1997 to 16% in 2007), in the context of severe social, political, and economic disruption. …

  3. Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries

    This systematic review analyzes 24 mass media campaigns' effect on HIV knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. The studies were published between 1990 and 2004 about developing countries and compared outcomes by reviewing pre-and post-intervention data; intervention vs. control groups or post-intervention data across levels of exposure. …

  4. But where are our moral heroes?: An analysis of South African press reporting on children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Messages conveyed both explicitly and implicitly in the media play an important role in the shaping of public understanding of issues, as well as associated policy, programme and popular responses to these issues. This paper applies discourse analysis to a series of articles on children affected by HIV/AIDS published in 2002/2003 in the English-medium South African press. …

  5. HIV/AIDS impact on education in Africa: an analysis of conferences, workshops, seminars, meetings and summits focussing on HIV/AIDS impact on education in Africa - December 1999 to June 2001. Session 4: Tackling HIV/AIDS: Mass-media and international conferences

    This analysis has been carried out in preparation for a conference of the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA). The purpose of the analysis is to provide a coherent and comprehensive picture of the outcomes of meetings on HIV/AIDS and education in Africa held over the period December 1999 - June 2001. A total of 171 such meetings were identified for analytical purposes and have been analyzed in this document.

  6. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  7. A monitoring and evaluation report of the media coverage of HIV/AIDS Eastern Africa in the year 2002 with a special emphasis on stigma and discrimination

    This content analysis, which was carried out over a twelve month period spanning January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002 examines the manner in which the print and online media in the 13 countries report on HIV/AIDS. The main focus of the analyses is the treatment of stigmatisation and discrimination and whether writers adhere to journalistic ethics in their write-ups. It also covers the gender aspect in the coverage of HIV/AIDS and language use in the write-ups.

  8. Promoting reproductive health for young adults through social marketing and mass media: a review of trends and practices

    The paper reviews the application of social marketing approaches to strengthen reproductive health practices among young adults. It summarizes the analytical literature and lessons learned from relevant projects; describes key elements of successful project design, implementation, and evaluation; and identifies a set of critical research questions that need to be addressed to enhance the effectiveness of future interventions.

  9. Reproductive health programs for young adults: social marketing and mass media approaches

    This issue concentrates on the questions of "What are the challenges of designing social marketing campaigns to reach young adults?", and "What are the key elements of effective social marketing to reach young people?"

  10. Does knowledge equal change? HIV/AIDS education and behaviour change

    This paper sets out to demonstrate that clear links exist between HIV/AIDS education, both inside and outside the education system, and levels of awareness and knowledge about HIV/AIDS and associated risk behaviour. It also examines evidence of consequent behaviour change in relation to such information and linked understanding of the risks posed by HIV/AIDS.

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