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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Can campus radio and social media mobilise students to rediscover their risk? HEAIDS Future Beats Pilot Project Research Report

    The Higher Education and Training HIV/AIDS Programme (HEAIDS) is a national programme to develop and support the HIV/TB/STI and General Health and Wellness mitigation initiatives at South Africa’s public Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Colleges. HEAIDS has introduced an innovative youth development project known as ‘Future Beats’, funded by the German International Cooperation (GIZ) and the DHET. …

  2. Emma says: A case study of the use of comics for health education among women in the AIDS heartland

    The purpose of this paper is to examine one mass media AIDS education project, the Emma Says comic series. Created by an international health research organization based in the USA, the series was designed to educate women in rural Africa about the need to protect themselves from AIDS. The Emma Says series aimed to deliver powerful messages about AIDS in an easy-to-understand format using the caricature of an African woman working as a health educator in her community. …

  3. ACT! 2015 Advocacy strategy toolkit

    A practical toolkit for young people who are passionate about advancing HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights in the post-2015 agenda through national advocacy.

  4. Guidelines for effective HIV and AIDS communication: Rules and tools for campus programmes

    Institutions have varying track records when it comes to conducting HIV and AIDS campaigns. Some hardly engage in HIV and AIDS communication, while others do so regularly and in a creative way. These guidelines are a practical way of laying a foundation of good practice and enabling both campaign-experienced and inexperienced campuses to run sound campaigns. …

  5. A surprising prevention success: Why did the HIV epidemic decline in Zimbabwe?

    There is growing recognition that primary prevention, including behavior change, must be central in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The earlier successes in Thailand and Uganda may not be fully relevant to the severely affected countries of southern Africa. We conducted an extensive multi-disciplinary synthesis of the available data on the causes of the remarkable HIV decline that has occurred in Zimbabwe (29% estimated adult prevalence in 1997 to 16% in 2007), in the context of severe social, political, and economic disruption. …

  6. A comparative evaluation of two interventions for educator training in HIV/AIDS in South Africa

    The purpose of this study was to compare two different methods to teach educators about HIV/AIDS. Sixty educators were selected from eight schools in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, to undergo HIV/AIDS training using an interactive CD-ROM intervention. Another sixty educators from other schools were selected to undergo a two-day Life Skills Training Programme provided by the Department of Education. …

  7. Using mass media to influence Vietnamese youth: TV spots hit the target!

    The HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Youth project, funded by the Asian Development Bank and the Government of Vietnam, relies on the synergistic use of mass media and interpersonal communication interventions to reach and influence young Vietnamese. The project’s mass media strategy is built around the coordinated and reinforcing use of a television drama series, radio phone–in programmes, radio spots, youth–focused documentaries and television spots. …

  8. Enabling journalism educators to support comprehensive governance responses to HIV/AIDS and other development challenges through journalism education: assessment of the current status of HIV/AIDS teaching in four journalism schools in South Africa

    This report provides: 1. Analysis and reflection of current approaches to include HIV/AIDS and other development issues in journalism education at participating institutions. 2. Teaching approaches at the participating institutions with potential to prepare journalism students for their roles in democratic process. 3. Recommendations, based on the assessment results, on how HIV/AIDS can form part of curricula. 4. An outline of a proposed curriculum that uses HIV and AIDS issues as a basis for exploring civic-minded approaches to journalistic practice based on the assessment findings.

  9. Courage and Hope. African teachers living positively with HIV

    122,000 teachers in sub-Saharan Africa are estimated to be living with HIV, most of who do not know their status. Stigma remains their greatest challenge. In 2007, a network of African journalists compiled a book entitled “Courage and Hope” telling the first-hand stories of African teachers who are HIV positive and living healthy, active lives as teachers. This film shows some of the stories those journalists discovered. The teachers went through stigma and discrimination and each used their experience to teach a new generation of teachers, what it means to live positively.

  10. The impact of television and radio on reproductive behavior and on HIV/AIDS knowledge and behavior

    This is a study of the association of radio and television exposure with different aspects of reproductive behavior and with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in connection with HIV/AIDS. The measures of mass media are limited to the frequency that women and men report listening to the radio and watching television, which are standard questions in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Only the frequency is assessed; the DHS does not obtain information on programmatic content. …

  11. Effects of an Entertainment-Education Radio Soap Opera on Family Planning and HIV Prevention in St. Lucia

    Context: An entertainment-education radio soap opera, Apwe Plezi, was broadcast from February 1996 to September 1998 in St. Lucia. The program promoted family planning, HIV prevention and other social development themes. Methods: The program's effects were assessed through analyses of data from nationally representative pretest and posttest surveys, focus-group discussions and other qualitative and quantitative sources. Results: Among 1,238 respondents to the posttest survey, 35% had listened to Apwe Plezi, including 12% who listened at least once per week. …

  12. Scrutinize campaign: a youth HIV prevention campaign addressing multiple and concurrent partnerships

    Launched on South African television in June 2008, the Scrutinize Campaign was a year-long series of HIV prevention ads targeting multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships. Irreverent and humorous, with strong, colorful visuals, the campaign's ads were markedly different from previous South African HIV prevention campaigns for youth. Rather than telling the audience what to do, the Scrutinize campaign messaging encouraged those in the audience to scrutinize their own behavior, resulting in dramatic uptake of key HIV prevention messages.

  13. Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries

    This systematic review analyzes 24 mass media campaigns' effect on HIV knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. The studies were published between 1990 and 2004 about developing countries and compared outcomes by reviewing pre-and post-intervention data; intervention vs. control groups or post-intervention data across levels of exposure. …

  14. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS among secondary school adolescents in Osun state, Nigeria

    The study assessed levels of knowledge and sources of information on HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in Osun State, Nigeria. Multistage, random sampling was used to identify 592 students from 5 local areas in Osun State. A self-administered questionnaire revealed that 50% of students believed one could contract HIV through mosquito bites and 53.7% through kissing. Half of the students believed that someone with HIV/AIDS can look healthy; 92.6% had heard of HIV/AIDS prior to the study and 29.4% believed there was a cure for AIDS. …

  15. Tackling HIV/AIDS: Mass-media and international conferences. Soul City, Going to scale across borders: the Choose Life project

    Soul City, a multi-media health project in South Africa has been effective in imparting much needed information on health and development, and in changing attitudes and behaviour as well. Soul City works primarily within South Africa but the TV programme has been shown in a number of African countries as well. In the last two years Soul City has worked on a sponsored education booklet called Choose Life, aimed at 12-16 year olds in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and Namibia. 1,331,000 copies of the booklet will be printed and distributed in the four countries in seven different languages. …

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