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This policy brief is Part 1 of a three-part series entitled “Status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Zambia,” reporting on progress, gaps, and existing challenges in SRH&R related to achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The 2015-16 Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS) is the first Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted in Myanmar. The primary objective of the 2015-16 MDHS project is to provide up-to-date estimates of basic demographic and health indicators. …
This paper was commissioned by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report as background information to assist in drafting the 2013/4 report. It looks at the relationship between education and literacy on child health. Improvements in women’s education are associated with significant reductions in under five mortality.
In 2007, an estimated total of 2 million children were living with HIV - eight times more than in 1990 - while both new infections and deaths among children have grown three-fold globally since 1990. Around 90% of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa, where 12.1 million children are estimated to have lost one or both parents to AIDS. This plenary presentation argues that children and families have been severely neglected in responses to HIV and AIDS. …
These Guidelines aim to provide up-to-date, evidence based, practical information and knowledge designed to help health service providers to make informed decisions on the management of HIV and AIDS in children and to gain basic knowledge about HIV and AIDS in the pediatric age group. The guidelines are mainly based on algorithms with annotations and reflect international best practice. …
This publication is offered as a resource for programme staff in organisations that work with babies and young children, or their parents or caregivers, in the context of HIV and Aids, poverty and conflict. It is not intended for direct presentation to grassroots community workers, parents or caregivers.It can be used to develop programmes, training or action sheets for local needs. The material contained in this publication can be used as a set of principles or guidelines.
After describing the international consensus reached in Beijing about empowering women and ending gender inequality, and defining key human rights concepts, the report examines key issues related to reproductive health and rights that affect women throughout their lives. Topics covered include: Early life chances, The mutual relationship between reproductive health and education, Adolescence and the transition to adulthood, Marriage and the family, Labour force participation and employment, Reproductive health and violence and Issues affecting the health of older women
The report highlights the need to continue efforts to create broad-based support for reproductive health programs, improve coordination among stakeholders, strengthen NGOs so that they can effectively participate in the policy process, and enhance the financial sustainability of programs.
A UNAIDS case study examining the Thai Red Cross zidovudine donation programme--a programme that donates zidovudine (a medication that reduces the risk for mother-to-child transmission of HIV by almost 70%). The case study examines the programme's history, its major elements, partnerships and alliances, and the lessons learned.
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT)is by far the most significant source of HIV infection among children below the age of 15 years. The purpose of this paper is to review key issues for consideration by policy-makers and planners and to propose ways in which prevention strategies might be tailored to local conditions.