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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Reproductive health survey Russia 2011: executive summary

    The RURHS11 household survey was based on in-person, face-to-face interviews with women of reproductive age (15–44 years) in their homes. The survey was designed to collect information from a representative sample of approximately 10,000 women of reproductive age throughout the Russian Federation. …

  2. AIDS in the family and community: The impact on child health in Malawi

    Pediatric HIV infections jeopardize children’s health and survival. Much less is known about how the experiences of being orphaned, living with chronically ill parents, or living in a severely affected community impact child health. Our study responds by examining which HIV/AIDS-related experiences place children at greatest risk for poor health. …

  3. Protocolo de atención integral en salud sexual y reproductiva a mujeres viviendo con VIH. Orientaciones complementarias para el programa nacional de salud de la mujer

    Para el Ministerio de Salud es de gran relevancia presentar y poner a disposición de la Red Asistencial Pública, este Protocolo de Atención Integral en Salud Sexual y Reproductiva para Mujeres Viviendo con VIH, como una contribución hacia el mejoramiento de su calidad de vida, bajo los principios del enfoque de ética, derechos, equidad y no discriminación. …

  4. Scaling up prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs in sub-Saharan African countries: a multilevel assessment of site-,program- and country-level determinants of performance

    This study seeks to look at the influence of program-level and contextual determinants that pose a challenge to the uptake of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs in sub-Saharan Africa. This study explore thes multilevel factors associated with "coverage in single dose nevirapine PMTCT programs." The study found that heterogeneity of nevirapine coverage between sites and programs was high- meaning that in these programs there was a high HIV prevalance, a higher proportion of persons with knowledge of PMTCT, and a lower percentage of rural population. …

  5. PMTCT (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission) Trainers Manual

    The Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package is based largely on the 2007 update of the PMTCT Generic Training Package (GTP) that was developed under the direction of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for adaptation by countries and regions across the globe. This PMTCT Training Package is expected to play a key role in accelerating the scale up of PMTCT services in the Pacific region through training of healthcare workers to implement appropriate, quality services for PMTCT.

  6. Les femmes à l'épreuve du VIH dans les pays du sud: genre et accès universel à la prise en charge

    Alors que les programmes de prévention et de traitement ont permis des avancées majeures dans les pays du Sud, les femmes vivant avec le VIH, majoritaires en Afrique, bénéficient-elles de ces progrès à égalité avec les hommes ? Mères et futures mères d'enfants exposés, quelle expérience ont-elles des systèmes de soins ? Les responsabilités qui leur incombent en matière de prévention et de charge des soins au sein des couples et des familles, associées aux exigences des programmes sanitaires sont-elles, pour elles, sources de difficultés supplémentaires ? …

  7. Previous reproductive history and post-natal family planning among HIV-infected women in Ukraine

    This document describes post-natal family planning practices among HIV-positive childbearing women in Ukraine.

  8. Como prevenir a Transmissão vertical do HIV e da Sífilis em Seu Município - Guia para Profissionais da Saúde

    O Pacto pela Saúde, aprovado pelo Conselho Nacional de Saúde em fevereiro de 2006, fortalece a gestão compartilhada entre os diversos níveis de governo, cabendo aos estados e municípios o desenvolvimento de ações necessárias para o cumprimento das metas, de acordo com a realidade local, de maneira que as prioridades estaduais e municipais também possam ser agregadas à agenda nacional. Um dos três eixos do Pacto pela Saúde é o Pacto pela Vida e, entre as prioridades básicas enumeradas, está a redução da mortalidade materna e infantil. …

  9. Recomendações para Terapia Antirretroviral em Crianças e Adolescentes Infectados pelo HIV

    A partir de 1994, o Programa Nacional de DST e Aids passou a publicar o Guia de Tratamento Clínico da Infecção pelo HIV em Crianças, com as informações mais importantes sobre os avanços ocorridos nas orientações para o tratamento e acompanhamento das crianças infectadas e expostas ao HIV. Esse Consenso, revisto periodicamente pelo Comitê Assessor para Terapia Antirretroviral em Crianças Infectadas pelo HIV, tem incluído novos temas cada vez mais abrangentes, com o intuito de tornar-se uma referência para os profissionais que têm dificuldade de acesso a outras referências técnicas. …

  10. Protocolo para a prevenção de transmissão vertical de HIV e sífilis

    Diante do desafio ainda representado pela transmissão vertical do HIV e da sífilis na saúde pública do Brasil, a despeito dos avanços obtidos neste domínio. …

  11. Guidelines on HIV and infant feeding 2010

    Evidence has been reported that antiretroviral (ARV) interventions to either the HIV-infected mother or HIV-exposed infant can significantly reduce the risk of postnatal transmission of HIV through breastfeeding. This evidence has major implications for how women living with HIV might feed their infants, and how health workers should counsel these mothers. Together, breastfeeding and ARV intervention have the potential to significantly improve infants' chances of surviving while remaining HIV uninfected. …

  12. No small issue: Children and families. Universal Action Now

    In 2007, an estimated total of 2 million children were living with HIV - eight times more than in 1990 - while both new infections and deaths among children have grown three-fold globally since 1990. Around 90% of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa, where 12.1 million children are estimated to have lost one or both parents to AIDS. This plenary presentation argues that children and families have been severely neglected in responses to HIV and AIDS. …

  13. The National Guidelines for the Management of HIV and AIDS in Children in Nepal

    These Guidelines aim to provide up-to-date, evidence based, practical information and knowledge designed to help health service providers to make informed decisions on the management of HIV and AIDS in children and to gain basic knowledge about HIV and AIDS in the pediatric age group. The guidelines are mainly based on algorithms with annotations and reflect international best practice. …

  14. Stratégie nationale de communication pour le changement de comportement face au VIH/SIDA, 2005-2008

    Afin de faire face à ces défis liés à sa mission de coordonnateur principal de la politique de décentralisation des programmes multisectoriels en matière de VIH/SIDA, le MLS de la Côte d'Ivoire a élaboré une stratégie de Communication pour le Changement de Comportement (CCC) face au VIH/SIDA. …

  15. Plan estratégico multisectorial de la respuesta nacional al VIH/SIDA 2007-2015

    Primera parte: caracterización del país que determina los rasgos geográficos, étnicos y demográficos de la epidemia; condiciones socio-culturales, económicas y políticas que contextualizan la respuesta nacional y justifican la selección de los sectores prioritarios para la acción; marco jurídico sobre el que se ampara la respuesta al VIHSIDA; características y la evolución tanto de la epidemia como de la respuesta y su impacto macro y micro económico. …

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