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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Impact of the HIV/AIDS and Economic Crises on Orphans and Other Vulnerable children in Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe, like most of Sub-Saharian Africa, has been hard-hit by HIV/AIDS. National estimates reported by the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare put the prevalence rates of HIV in the age group between 15 and 49 at 15.3% (WHO, UNICEF, & UNAIDS, 2008). This is one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the world (UNAIDS, 2008). The impact of the pandemic has been so severe that current mitigation efforts fall short of alleviating the situation, especially as it pertains to the plight of children. …

  2. Preservice implementation guide. A process for strengthening preservice education

    This guide was adapted from the WHO document Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI): Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Pre-Service Training (working draft, 2001). The process for strengthening preservice education that this guide describes is aligned with that of WHO, but also presents a broader approach than WHO's focus on IMCI. …

  3. Profiles in equity: Better practices for women, children and AIDS

    Significant challenges remain in narrowing the gap between beneficiaries and those still missing from the AIDS response. …

  4. No small issue: Children and families. Universal Action Now

    In 2007, an estimated total of 2 million children were living with HIV - eight times more than in 1990 - while both new infections and deaths among children have grown three-fold globally since 1990. Around 90% of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa, where 12.1 million children are estimated to have lost one or both parents to AIDS. This plenary presentation argues that children and families have been severely neglected in responses to HIV and AIDS. …

  5. The HIV/AIDS Epidemic: An Inherent Gender Issue

    A decade ago women seemed to be on the periphery of the epidemic, today they are at the epicentre. In fact, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is taking its toll on everyone, but women are impacted more. This leaflet argues that actions to resolve this issue is not simply a matter of justice or fairness, because gender inequality is fatal. It explains that effects of campaigns are limited, unless women are involved.

  6. Psychosocial care and support for young children and infants in the time of HIV and Aids: A resource for programming

    This publication is offered as a resource for programme staff in organisations that work with babies and young children, or their parents or caregivers, in the context of HIV and Aids, poverty and conflict. It is not intended for direct presentation to grassroots community workers, parents or caregivers.It can be used to develop programmes, training or action sheets for local needs. The material contained in this publication can be used as a set of principles or guidelines.

  7. Learning about HIV/AIDS: our schools, our future, our responsibility

    This booklet is designed to protect teachers and to help them teach and train their colleagues and students about HIV/AIDS and STIs. It includes lots of accurate information, self study tasks and activities teachers could use in their training and teaching. It is written by PNG teachers. It reflects the priorities and policies of the Department of Education.

  8. Sexual and reproductive health and HIV. Linkages: evidence review and recommendations

    Cuadro sinóptico de estudios realizados que indagan en la relación entre los servicios de salud reproductiva y su impacto en la respuesta al VIH/sida.

  9. HIV/AIDS and its impact on basic education

    This training manual, as a resource book for trainers in HIV/AIDS in basic education, has been designed to provide skills and information in order to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia. The manual emphasizes learning by doing and includes many suggestions for ways to actively involve the trainees. The goal of this training manual is to introduce both trainers and trainees to the use of visual aids for effective training and information sharing in the reduction of HIV/AIDS spread and its impact.

  10. The long-run impact of orphanhood

    This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania. The paper studies a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and re-interviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing the authors to assess the permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. The analysis controls for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. …

  11. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  12. Myanmar fertility and reproductive health survey 2001: preliminary report

    This preliminary report on the 2001 Fertility and Reproductive Health Survey (FRHS) provides information on fertility, contraception, maternal and child health, infant and child mortality, knowledge of STDs and HIV/AIDS and internal migration in Myanmar.

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