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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Guidelines for HIV testing and counselling in Kenya

    HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is the main entry point to prevention, care and treatment. These guidelines were developed in the context of existing Kenyan laws and policies, especially the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act (2006). They support the provision of HTC to children, youth, and adults, according to the circumstances described herein. The guidelines retained key policy issues that were in previous guidelines, but they have outlined some of the emerging evidence based approaches and lessons learnt in the implementation of HTC in the last eight years. …

  2. A journalist's guide to sexual and reproductive health in East Africa

    Sexual and reproductive health encompasses health and well-being in matters related to sexual relations, pregnancies, and births. It deals with the most intimate and private aspects of people's lives, which can be difficult to write about and discuss publicly. As a result, the public misunderstands many sexual and reproductive health matters. In addition, cultural sensitivities and taboos surrounding sexuality often prevent people from seeking information and care and preclude governments from addressing the issues. …

  3. Turning research into practice: suggested actions from case-studies of sexual and reproductive health research

    This document is the outcome of two meetings. The first meeting reviewed case-studies and other evidence related to research utilization from the standpoint of researchers and donors, while the second meeting reviewed additional materials from the standpoint of policy-makers and sexual and reproductive health programme managers. …

  4. A measure of commitment: women's sexual and reproductive health risk index for Sub-Saharan Africa

    In 2008 the number of African women who died from pregnancy and child birth was much higher than the number of casualties from all the major conflicts in Africa combined. Maternal mortality continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age (15-49) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This report looks at the performance of sub Saharan African countries in meeting reproductive health targets in 47 countries and ranks them using a set of ten indicators in order of the highest to lowest risk. …

  5. Zambia HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    The purpose of this epidemic, response and policy synthesis is to provide an overall analysis of the HIV epidemic and response in Zambia by drawing together, triangulating and reconciling various and different data sources in order to make recommendations as to how the response could be improved. …

  6. Uganda HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    The authors used the standard Modes of Transmission methodology as described in the UNAIDS/GAMET guidelines. They consulted recent reviews of the epidemiology of HIV in Uganda and reviewed recent available data, applied the UNAIDS incidence model to predict the distribution of new infections, used the MoT prevention review tool to describe the current prevention policies and programs and reviewed the current allocation of resources for HIV prevention. …

  7. Swaziland HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    NERCHA (National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS), MOHSW (Ministry of Health and Social Welfare), UNAIDS and GAMET/World Bank are collaborating in a capacity development process to support an evidence based review of Swaziland's epidemiological situation (Know Your Epidemic, KYE) and the national HIV prevention response (Know Your Response, KYR). The process for the KYE was an in-depth review of available epidemiological data from Swaziland and the sub-region, and application of the UNAIDS incidence estimation model. …

  8. Kenya HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    For the study in Kenya, (similar studies in Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Uganda, and Zambia) HIV epidemiological data and incidence modelling data (from the UNAIDS Modes of Transmission Model) were analysed together to obtain an epidemiological synthesis (Know Your Epidemic, KYE synthesis), while the HIV prevention review and resources data were analysed together to obtain an HIV response synthesis or "Know Your Response" (KYR) synthesis. …

  9. Plan national d'intensification de la prévention du VIH/SIDA en Côte d'Ivoire 2007-2008

    Le plan national d'intensification de la prévention du VIH/SIDA en Côte d'Ivoire s'inscrit dans le cadre unique d'action pour la lutte contre le VIH/SIDA: le Plan national 2006-2010 qui a retenu la prévention comme axe d'intervention prioritaire pour les cinq prochaines années. Le plan national d'intensification de la prévention du VIH/SIDA en Côte d'Ivoire 2007-2008 fait un bref rappel de la revue du plan stratégique 2002-2004 et du plan intérimaire 2005, en matière de prévention, puis dégage les objectifs visés et les stratégies et activités à mettre en oeuvre.

  10. Stratégie nationale de communication pour le changement de comportement face au VIH/SIDA, 2005-2008

    Afin de faire face à ces défis liés à sa mission de coordonnateur principal de la politique de décentralisation des programmes multisectoriels en matière de VIH/SIDA, le MLS de la Côte d'Ivoire a élaboré une stratégie de Communication pour le Changement de Comportement (CCC) face au VIH/SIDA. …

  11. Lesotho HIV Prevention Response and Modes of Transmission Analysis

    This is an evidence-based review of Lesotho's epidemiological situation (Know your epidemic, KYE) and national HIV prevention response (Know your response, KYR). The purpose of this modes of transmission (MoT) study is to contribute to the ongoing efforts to understand the epidemic and response in Lesotho and thus help the country improve the scope (doing the right kind of activities), relevance (with the right populations) and comprehensiveness (reaching all members of target populations) of HIV prevention efforts. …

  12. The HIV and AIDS prevention and control Act, 2008

    This HIV and AIDS prevention and control act provides for prevention, treatment, care, support and control of HIV and AIDS; for promotion of public health in relation to HIV and AIDS; for appropriate treatment, care and support using available resources to people living with or at risk of HIV and AIDS and for related matters.

  13. Zambia HIV/AIDS Service Provision Assessment Survey 2005

    The 2005 Zambia HIV/AIDS Service Provision Assessment (ZHSPA) survey was designed to collect baseline information on the availability and quality of HIV/AIDS and related services in the formal health sector in Zambia. The survey collected information on the preparedness of health facilities to provide high-quality preventive services as well as care and support to people living with HIV/AIDS. …

  14. National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Monitoring and Evaluation Plan

    This second edition of the National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Monitoring and Evaluation Plan is aimed at providing and further improving the means for NAC to monitor the national response and provide effective leadership in the fight against the pandemic. For the current period, 2006 to 2010, the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF) was developed to prevent, halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS by 2010. …

  15. National HIV Prevention Strategy: 2009-2013

    The National HIV Prevention Strategy (2009-2013) is a guiding tool for planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluating and resource mobilization for HIV prevention interventions. The strategy will provide practical guidance for improving current HIV prevention programming for maximum impact. The goal of the strategy is to reduce new HIV infections in order to further mitigate the burden and impact of HIV and AIDS in Malawi. …

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