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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The hidden dimension: experience of self-stigma among young men who have sex with men and young transgender women and the linkages to HIV in Asia and the Pacific

    MSM and transgender people requires addressing self-issues and the linkages with HIV vulnerability and risk behavior. Yet to date, many HIV-related programs in Asia have failed to address self-stigma. To better understand how self-stigma relates to HIV, YVC undertook an in-person consultation in October 2012 in Bangkok, Thailand, and commissioned in-country research in 10 countries: Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. …

  2. Hidden from health: structural stigma, sexual orientation concealment, and HIV across 38 countries in the European MSM Internet Survey

    Objective: Substantial country-level variation exists in prejudiced attitudes towards male homosexuality and in the extent to which countries promote the unequal treatment of MSM through discriminatory laws. The impact and underlying mechanisms of country-level stigma on odds of diagnosed HIV, sexual opportunities, and experience of HIV-prevention services, needs and behaviours have rarely been examined, however. Design: Data come from the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS), which was administered between June and August 2010 across 38 European countries (N = 174 209). …

  3. HIV and stigma: The media challenge

    Despite the progress being made in the global response to HIV and AIDS, stigma remains a major obstacle to prevention and treatment. It is manifested in many different ways and fear of disgrace prevents people from coming forward for HIV testing and treatment. Key populations – sex workers and their clients, men who have sex with men, the transgender community and people who inject drugs – are particularly affected. The role of the media in tackling HIV related stigma is crucial. It is seen as one of the drivers of HIV reduction, yet the media is far from reaching its full potential. …

  4. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma in the MENA region: Toolkit for action

    This toolkit has been adapted from Understanding and challenging HIV stigma: toolkit for action. Module H: MSM and stigma,1 which was developed by and for African trainers, and has been used extensively around the continent to support HIV stigma reduction programmes. This version has been designed to use in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, and includes adapted exercises and stories that are more relevant to this context. …

  5. EU LGBT survey - European Union lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender survey: results at a glance

    In light of a lack of comparable data on the respect, protection and fulfi lment of the fundamental rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) launched in 2012 its European Union (EU) online survey of LGBT persons’ experiences of discrimination, violence and harassment. …

  6. Sex Between Men in Your City. A situational analysis of community rsponses to sexual health and HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in six metrepolitan cities in developed Asia

    While developed countries in Asia are experiencing a low-level HIV epidemic prevalence is much higher in specific populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, and people who use drugs. Many MSM and transgender people report discrimination which limits their access to health services and many other areas such as education, employment and legal services. …

  7. Report exploring the link between MSM, homophobia and HIV/AIDS in countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia

    The term 'Men who have sex with men' frequently shortened to MSM - describes a behaviour rather than a specific group of people. It includes self-identified gay, bisexual, or heterosexual men, many of whom may not consider themselves gay or bisexual including transgender populations. MSM presents a topic that many governments and certain individuals would prefer not to talk about and choose to be silent on these issues, failing to acknowledge these behaviours and address them, which unfortunately helps the HIV and AIDS epidemic to grow. …

  8. Discriminación Social y la Salud: El Caso de los Hombres Latinos Homosexuales y el Riesgo de Infección por HIV

    En este estudio, que se fundamenta en datos empíricos obtenidos de latinos homosexuales y bisexuales en tres ciudades de los EE.UU., documentamos la relación que existe entre formas específicas de discriminación social-homofobia, racismo y penurias económicas-y una determinada consecuencia para la salud: el aumento del riesgo para la transmisión del VIH. …

  9. La impunidad por homofobia y discriminación que sufre la comunidad GLBT en América Latina y Caribe: Ecuador

    Análisis comparativo entre la legislación ecuatoriana, que defiende explícitamente los derechos de las minorías sexuales, y la discriminación que aún siguen experimentando a nivel social.

  10. Mekong Erotics: Men Loving/Pleasuring/Using Men in Lao PDR

    A survey conducted in 2007 found that 5.6 percent of MSM in Vientiane, the capital of Lao PDR, were tested positive for HIV. This book focuses on Kathoey/gay men in this region and topics vary from how they choose their partners to how they are involved in sexual activities.

  11. Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève

    Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève est un document édité par l'association homosexuelle Dialogai et l'Institut de médecine sociale et préventive de l'Université de Zurich. A la suite d'une enquête minutieuse, le document dresse un état des lieux de la situation de hommes gais à Genève en fonction de l'âge, due statu socio-économique, du lieu de domicile, de la culture et du genre, des facteurs psycho-sociaux ou encore du soutien social. Il identifie ainsi les problèmes, les tabous et les souffrances endurés par de nombreux gais. …

  12. Campañas contra la homofobia en Argentina, Brasil, Colombia y México

    Análisis de cuatro campañas masivas (en Argentina, Brasil, Colombia y México) contra la homofobia y el VIH, auspiciadas por los respectivos gobiernos de cada país. Descripción de cada una de ellas, y análisis del efecto producido en cada caso. …

  13. Salud, VIH-sida y sexualidad trans: Atención de la salud de personas travestis y transexuales. Estudio de seroprevalencia de VIH en personas trans

    Documento sobre atención de salud de personas travestis y transexuales (nacidas con sexo masculino) en Argentina.áLa primera parte de esta publicación y consta de cinco artículos. El primero es "Nociones generales sobre sexualidad", en el que se presentan algunos conceptos básicos que, entendemos, permiten salir de una lectura "natural" de la sexualidad para poder pensarla como un hecho social y cultural. Entender la complejidad de cómo nos formamos como hombres o mujeres permite entender mejor por qué también podemos ser trans. …

  14. Do you know how it is to live in the shadow? report on the state of human rights of people living with HIV/AIDS and most at risk groups

    This report is structured in several chapters which approach the issue of human rights and people living with HIV/AIDS in Croatia. The introductory chapters are followed by several texts on most at risk groups included in this project. These include overviews on men who have sex with men; injecting drug users; women and HIV; and young people. The problems met by the members of these groups regarding HIV/AIDS, as well as their position in the Republic of Croatia are explained in detail in the texts. …

  15. Homofobia de Estado. Un informe mundial sobre las leyes que prohíben la actividad sexual con consentimiento entre personas adultas

    Informe mundial sobre leyes que prohíben la actividad sexual con consentimiento entre personas adultas, ordenado por países, citando textualmente las leyes correspondientes. …

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