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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies and HIV in Kenya

    An information campaign that provided Kenyan teenagers in randomly selected schools with the information that HIV prevalence was much higher among adult men and their partners than among teenage boys led to a 65% decrease in the incidence of pregnancies by adult partners among teenage girls in the treatment group relative to the comparison. This suggests a large reduction in the incidence of unprotected cross-generational sex. The information campaign did not increase pregnancies among teenage couples. …

  2. Masculinities and condom use patterns among young rural South Africa men: a cross-sectional baseline survey

    Notions of ideal manhood in South Africa are potentially prescriptive of male sexuality thus accounting for the behaviors which may lead to men being at greater HIV risk. We tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa. 1219 men aged 15–26 years completed a cross-sectional baseline survey from an IsiXhosa questionnaire asking about sexual behaviour and relationships. …

  3. These days virginity is just a feeling: heterosexuality and change in young urban Vietnamese men

    This paper argues that young Vietnamese men's beliefs around women's changing sexual identities and habits generate some anxiety around their own heterosexual abilities, while contributing to growing doubts around 'traditional' masculine advantage within sexual relations. It explores this notion in regard to eight Vietnamese men aged 18-30 years, interviewed over 13 months of fieldwork in Hanoi, Vietnam. …

  4. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  5. Sexual Profile of Vietnamese men: A Preliminary Investigation in Hanoi, Ha Tay, Can Tho and Ho Chi Minh City

    The report documents the findings from a 2006 survey about sexuality and sexual health conducted by the Institute for Social Development Studies in Hanoi, with the support from the Ford Foundation. The survey aims at providing preliminary answers to major questions regarding Vietnamese men's sexuality such as perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors of Vietnamese men toward sexuality, issues that men face in their sexual health, including sexually transmitted diseases and sexual dysfunctions as well as their needs and usage of sexual service.

  6. Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève

    Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève est un document édité par l'association homosexuelle Dialogai et l'Institut de médecine sociale et préventive de l'Université de Zurich. A la suite d'une enquête minutieuse, le document dresse un état des lieux de la situation de hommes gais à Genève en fonction de l'âge, due statu socio-économique, du lieu de domicile, de la culture et du genre, des facteurs psycho-sociaux ou encore du soutien social. Il identifie ainsi les problèmes, les tabous et les souffrances endurés par de nombreux gais. …

  7. Implementar estrategias diferenciadas tanto para hombres como para mujeres: un eficaz camino para la prevención del VIH/SIDA en Centroamérica

    Las estrategias de prevención del VIH-SIDA en Centro América y el Caribe parecen no ser tan efectivas. El incremento de infecciones de VIH en la región es mucho mas alto que en el resto del continente. En este ensayo se propone que la falta de eficacia de las estrategias actuales tiene que ver con la falta de consideración de las relaciones de género. …

  8. Prácticas sexuales de las poblaciones vulnerables a la epidemia de VIH/SIDA en México

    Estudio sobre el comportamiento sexual y prácticas de riesgo en grupos vulnerables al VIH/SIDA en México, así como sus conocimientos del tema. Se estudiaron a hombres que tienen sexo con hombres, hombres trabajadores sexuales, camioneros de larga distancia y mujeres trabajadoras sexuales. De cada uno de estos grupos se estudió lo siguiente: Prevalencia de VIH, Características sociodemográficas, Conocimientos de VIH/SIDA, Acceso a condones y a la prueba de VIH, Comportamientos sexuales, Prácticas de inyección y uso de drogas, Estigma y discriminación.

  9. Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda

    Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Ghana and Uganda, this study examines the gender differentials in perceptions of HIV risk in the two countries, which have been hit by the HIV epidemic in a different way, as in Ghana the epidemic has just started. It identifies factors associated with high or low risk of HIV infection by using logistic regression methodology. Principal findings include strong gender differentials in perceptions of risk, especially in Uganda; women felt at greater risk of HIV infection than men. …

  10. Does audio-CASI improve reports of risky behaviour?: evidence from a randomized field trial among male youth in urban India

    This study compares the effectiveness of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (Audio-CASI) with face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires in collecting sensitive information on risky sexual and other behaviors among young men in urban India. A randomized study design compared data collected from 900 male college students using the three data-collection approaches and from 600 young men residing in slums using Audio-CASI and face-to-face interviews. …

  11. Study of young men's sexual behaviour. Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic. August-November 2004

    This study (one of the few of its kind conducted in Laos) provides a wealth of information on the sexual behaviour of young men, which could guide future HIV prevention programs. While the survey only looks at the attitudes and activities of men living and working in Vientiane, it nonetheless illuminates both important similarities and differences in Lao male behaviour compared to men in other countries, including countries in the immediate region.

  12. In their own right: addressing the sexual and reproductive health needs of men worldwide

    The report provides the overall view of men's sexual and reproductive behaviour worldwide and drawing out the health programme implications of that information. Focusing on men 15-54 years old in 23 countries that represent all regions of the world, the report examines men's needs for health information and reproductive health services, and identifies obstacles that prevent men from receiving those services.

  13. Working with young men to promote sexual and reproductive health

    The publication is divided into five main sections: Introduction - the content of expert meeting; Background - key issues underlying the need for work with young men; Projects - case study descriptions of the projects outlined in the meeting; Some key issues - discussion of themes and issues raised by participants; and Conclusions - guidelines for working with young men to promote reproductive and sexual health.

  14. Cambodian household male behavioral surveillance survey, IV 2000

    The objectives of the BSS IV are to: describe sexual behaviour of general population of Cambodian men; compare risk for HIV/AIDS between urban and rural Cambodian men; and compare male sentinel groups to general population.

  15. Meeting the Needs of Men Who Have Sex With Men in Senegal

    Presents findings from a study in Senegal that investigated the needs, behaviors, knowledge, and attitudes of men who have sex with men. Research summar (2002) also available. Both formats are available in English or French.

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