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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National HIV/AIDS strategic framework 2014-2016

    The purpose of the framework is to: i. Provide an overall strategy for the planning, coordination and implementation of the multi-sectoral national response based on available evidence; ii. Articulate national priorities, expected outcomes and targets that all stakeholders should work towards, based on their respective mandates, resources and comparative advantage; iii. …

  2. Integrating strategies to address gender-based violence and engage men and boys to advance gender equality through National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS: Meeting Summary

    National strategies and plans – focusing on HIV and beyond – are key platforms for articulating an HIV response that advances gender equality, champions women’s rights, engages men and boys, and ends GBV as a cause and consequence of HIV. As such, the Johannesburg December 2012 meeting supported delegations from six countries to review their current national policies, strategies, and plans, and assess the strengths and weaknesses of these plans with regard to addressing GBV and engaging men and boys for gender equality. …

  3. A strategic framework for engagement in HIV control and promotion of maternal, newborn and child health in Kenya: Accelerating progress in saving the lives of women and children 2013-2017

    The overall goal of the strategy is to mobilise and provide leadership towards ZERO new HIV infections and reduce the number of deaths among women and children in Kenya. This framework will provide guidance for the strategic engagement of the First Lady of the Republic of Kenya to catalyze action and accelerate the attainment of national and international commitments to HIV, maternal and child health targets. To catalyse and sustain on-going efforts in HIV, maternal and child health, the Office of the First Lady will focus on: 1. Accelerate Programs. …

  4. Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies and HIV in Kenya

    An information campaign that provided Kenyan teenagers in randomly selected schools with the information that HIV prevalence was much higher among adult men and their partners than among teenage boys led to a 65% decrease in the incidence of pregnancies by adult partners among teenage girls in the treatment group relative to the comparison. This suggests a large reduction in the incidence of unprotected cross-generational sex. The information campaign did not increase pregnancies among teenage couples. …

  5. Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

    Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

  6. Masculinities and condom use patterns among young rural South Africa men: a cross-sectional baseline survey

    Notions of ideal manhood in South Africa are potentially prescriptive of male sexuality thus accounting for the behaviors which may lead to men being at greater HIV risk. We tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa. 1219 men aged 15–26 years completed a cross-sectional baseline survey from an IsiXhosa questionnaire asking about sexual behaviour and relationships. …

  7. Progress in scale-up of male circumcision for HIV prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa : focus on service delivery

    WHO and UNAIDS developed Operational guidance for scaling up male circumcision services for HIV prevention in 2008 to support countries in the development of national programmes on this intervention. Ten essential components were identified for programmes: leadership and partnerships, situation analysis, advocacy, enabling policy and regulatory environment, strategy and operational plan for national implementation, quality assurance and improvement, human resource development, commodity security, social change communication, and M&E. …

  8. Guidelines for implementation of the behaviour change communication (BCC) strategy

    The national BCC strategy was developed in collaboration with HIV and AIDS stakeholders and has since been disseminated at national and district levels. The strategy is one of the prevention oriented implementation components on HIV and AIDS for the country as outlined in the National Strategic Plan. Changing of high risk behaviours has been identified as one of the critical prevention tools for reducing new HIV infections. The Strategy provides a framework for behaviour change that is practical and addresses the realities of the Basotho nation. …

  9. Policy Guidance to Male Involvement in SRH, HIV/AIDS and Gender Based Violence Prevention and Management: An Addendum to Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Policy Guidelines and Service Standards

    In Botswana, the development and implementation of the Programme of Action on Male Involvement falls within the framework of the Government of Botswana and UNFPA programme of Assistance (2003-2007), whose overall goal is to support the quality of life of the people of Botswana. One main objective of the programme is to use standard guidelines for integrating male involvement issues in SRH information and service delivery. …

  10. Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda

    Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Ghana and Uganda, this study examines the gender differentials in perceptions of HIV risk in the two countries, which have been hit by the HIV epidemic in a different way, as in Ghana the epidemic has just started. It identifies factors associated with high or low risk of HIV infection by using logistic regression methodology. Principal findings include strong gender differentials in perceptions of risk, especially in Uganda; women felt at greater risk of HIV infection than men. …

  11. Mainstreaming gender into the Kenya National Strategic Plan 2000-2005

    The gender analysis and mainstreaming strategies contained in this document are centrally informed by two National AIDS Control Council commissioned field studies carried out in October 2001 and May 2002. The findings of the field studies illustrate how the different attributes and roles societies assign to males and females profoundly affect their ability to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS and cope with its impact. …

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