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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies and HIV in Kenya

    An information campaign that provided Kenyan teenagers in randomly selected schools with the information that HIV prevalence was much higher among adult men and their partners than among teenage boys led to a 65% decrease in the incidence of pregnancies by adult partners among teenage girls in the treatment group relative to the comparison. This suggests a large reduction in the incidence of unprotected cross-generational sex. The information campaign did not increase pregnancies among teenage couples. …

  2. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among male high school students in Lao People's Democratic Republic

    This study aimed to assess HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) of high school students in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) because inadequate knowledge, negative attitudes and risky practices are major hindrances to preventing the spread of HIV. This is a cross-sectional study on unmarried male students aged between 16 and 19 years old, undertaken in 2010. …

  3. Toolkit for Integrating LGBTI Issues Into HIV and GBV Prevention

    This Toolkit shares information, tools, activities, and skills building ideas and methods to support organisations and individuals to better understand the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI) in HIV and gender-based violence work in their communities. This Toolkit provides a means to disseminate information pertaining to African sexualities, human sexuality and sexual minorities. It specifically addresses how sexual orientation and gender identity relates to and interconnects with HIV and gender based violence. …

  4. Men, masculinities and HIV/AIDS: strategies for action

    The purpose of this paper is to provide practical guidance to policymakers and program managers on how to engage men and address harmful male norms in seven key areas of intervention in relation to HIV/AIDS: 1 Social and Behaviour Change in Men; 2 Violence against women; 3 Men, Sex Work and Transactional Sex; 4 Men, Substance abuse and HIV/AIDS; 5 Male Circumcision; 6 Men, VCT and Treatment; 7 Male Norms and the Caregiving for People Living with and Affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Evaluation of a Prevention Intervention to Reduce HIV Risk among Angolan Soldiers

    We developed and evaluated a military-focused HIV prevention intervention to enhance HIV riskreduction knowledge, motivation, and behaviors among Angolan soldiers. Twelve bases were randomly assigned to HIV prevention or control conditions, yielding 568 participants. HIV prevention participants received training in preventing HIV (4.5 days) and malaria (0.5 days). Control participants received the reverse. Monthly booster sessions were available after each intervention. We assessed participants at baseline, three and six months after the training. …

  6. Reproductive health for refugees by refugees in Guinea IV: Peer education and HIV knowledge, attitudes, and reported practices

    Peer education has long been used to promote HIV awareness and reduce risk. However, little has been written about its use in refugee settings. This study aimed to assess whether refugee peer education could improve HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices among Guinean refugees. The study also assessed whether gender, age or formal education were more strongly associated to improved HIV outcomes than peer education. Data was collected through a cross-sectional survey of 889 men and women in 23 camps throughout the Forest Region, Guinea. …

  7. Profiles in equity: Better practices for women, children and AIDS

    Significant challenges remain in narrowing the gap between beneficiaries and those still missing from the AIDS response. …

  8. Men-streaming in sexual and reproductive health and HIV: a toolkit for policy development and advocacy

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights and HIV programmes are likely to have greater impact on communities if they address constructively the actual and potential role of men in society. At present, however, many such programmes often fail to target men, to address their specific needs and understand the wider influence of male and female gender norms. This Men-streaming toolkit helps organizations create, and advocate for, affirmative policies which promote the positive roles that men can play in improving their own sexual and reproductive health - and those of women and children. …

  9. Previniendo y viviendo con VIH/sida

    Este manual sobre VIH y SIDA es parte de una serie de cinco manuales llamados Proyecto H: "Trabajando con Hombres Jóvenes". Este material fue elaborado para educadores de salud, profesores y/u otros profesionales o voluntarios que deseen o que ya estén trabajando con hombres jóvenes. El punto central de estos manuales está constituido por una serie de dinámicas para trabajar con hombres jóvenes en grupos. Estas actividades fueron desarrolladas y evaluadas con grupos de 15 a 30 participantes. …

  10. Hombres jóvenes por el fin de la violencia: manual para facilitadores y facilitadoras

    Este manual es una herramienta que permitirá trabajar con hombres jóvenes y adolescentes en la promoción de la convivencia y en la prevención de la violencia, incluyendo la violencia de género. Este manual se enfoca en tres dimensiones: - Hombres jóvenes y emociones: sus manifestaciones e implicancias para la convivencia entre las personas. - La socialización de género y su impacto en las construcciones de las masculinidades de los hombres jóvenes. - Los diversos tipos de violencia y sus consecuencias en hombres jóvenes y en quienes los rodean. …

  11. Love Bugs. Informations sur les maladies sexuellement transmissibles pour les hommes ayant des relations sexuelles avec d'autres hommes

    Love Bugs est une brochure éditée par l'Aide Suisse contre le Sida à l'intention des hommes ayant des relations sexuelles avec d'autres hommes. Elle a pour but de présenter quelques informations permettant au lecteur d'évaluer lui-même si elles s'appliquent à sa vie sexuelle ou à celle de ses partenaires. Elle encourage une attitude responsable face à la sexualité, ce qui implique aussi, entre autre, la connaissance de quelques maladies sexuellement transmissible. …

  12. Acá entre Hombres. Respuestas para el Bienestar Sexual

    Guía informativa orientada principalmente a hombres que están en proceso de asumir su homosexualidad o tienen sexo con otros hombres. Se basa en un esquema de preguntas y respuestas, abarcando temas de afectividad, sexualidad y prevención de ITS y VIH/SIDA. Si bien está enfocado a la realidad mexicana, gran parte de sus contenidos son para lectores de cualquier país. En su parte final incluye una guía sobre las ITS, un listado de profesionales médicos que trabajan con HSH y recursos bibliográficos y de internet.

  13. Project H: working with young men series

    This series of five manuals focuses on young men. While many initiatives have sought to empower women in addressing gender-based inequality, the needs of young men appear often to have been neglected. This manual applies a gender perspective in working with young men. It incorporates two major perspectives: gender specificity and gender equity. It seeks to engage boys and to reflect about gender inequalities, to reflect about the ways that women are often disadvantaged and have to take responsibility for childcare, sexual and reproductive health and domestic work. …

  14. Young Men and HIV prevention. A toolkit for action

    This guide serves to reinforce the benefits of working with young men and provides conceptual and practical information on how to design, implement and evaluate HIV prevention activities which incorporate a gender perspective and engage young men and relevant stakeholders.

  15. Advocacy intervention package: prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people

    This publication is prepared by Aidcom with the assistance from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) under the Regional Project on Advocacy for HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Young People in Asia and the Pacific. This Advocacy Intervention Package has been designed for Programme Managers who wish to understand what evidence-based advocacy is. It helps them to define, develop and implement an advocacy strategy, as well as talks about how to join forces with others with similar concerns. The Advocacy Package consists of five Chapters. …

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