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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Mobility, migration and HIV vulnerability of populations along the ports of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden: Situation and response analysis

    The relationship between HIV and mobility is widely recognized. While mobility and migration are not risk factors for HIV by themselves, the often harsh, unsafe and isolated conditions surrounding the mobility process can give rise to behaviours strongly associated with increased vulnerability to HIV, while also posing barriers to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. …

  2. Integrated biological and behavioural surveillance survey among migrant female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya

    Kenya is currently experiencing both a generalized and a concentrated HIV epidemic. It has a national HIV prevalence of 6.3 per cent and 1.3 million people between the ages of 15 to 64 across the country are living with HIV. According to the Kenya National AIDS Control Council (NACC), female sex workers (FSW) and their clients account for 14.1% of new infections. The Kenyan national response has recently started targeting research and programming efforts towards key population groups, and specifically FSW. However, migrants have not been targeted as a distinct category. …

  3. I expect to be abused and I have fear: Sex workers' experiences of human rights violations and barriers to accessing healthcare in four African countries

    This report documents human rights violations experienced by female, male and transgender sex workers in four African countries (Kenya, Uganda, South Africa and Zimbabwe), and describes barriers they face to accessing health services. Through cross-country comparison and documenting sub-regional trends, the study moves beyond previous often-localised descriptions of violations against sex workers in Africa. The study also fills information gaps about violations in male and transgender sex workers in this setting.

  4. Impact de la connaissance du VIH et SIDA sur le comportement sexuel chez les élèves dans deux établissements scolaires de Sikasso

    Cette étude descriptive, transversale, à passage unique a été menée pendant le mois de Décembre 2009 dans le collège Tieba Traoré et le lycée Monseigneur De Monclo de la commune urbaine de Sikasso. Le choix de Sikasso a été motivé par le fait qu'il est le chef lieu de la 3ème région administrative du Mali, frontalière avec le Burkina Faso, la Côte d'Ivoire et la Guinée ; ce qui fait de Sikasso, une ville cosmopolite où toutes les ethnies du pays et d'autres pays de la sous région se côtoient. …

  5. Key populations, key responses: a gap analysis for key populations and HIV in South Africa, and recommendations for the National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (2012-2016)

    In June 2011, South Africa signed the United Nations Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS: Intensifying our Efforts to Eliminate HIV/AIDS which explicitly outlined commitment for all UN member states to address the inadequacy of HIV prevention strategies, focusing on men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW) and to improve access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for migrant populations. …

  6. Southern African HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis plan of action, 2010-2011 for Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland

    This paper for senior World Bank management and staff describes the current status and impact of the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in southern Africa, the strategic role the Bank has played to date, and puts forward an action plan for deeper Bank engagement with the middle-income countries (MICs) in this subregion, especially in light of the new political commitment by the government of South Africa.

  7. Regional assessment on HIV-prevention needs of migrants and mobile populations in southern Africa

    Southern Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global burden of HIV: 35% of HIV infections and 38% of AIDS-related deaths in 2007 occurred in this sub-region. Southern Africa also experiences high levels of population movement, voluntary or forced, and comprises a diversity of people, including contract labor migrants, irregular migrants, families of migrants, refugees, trafficked persons and mobile workers such as truck drivers and mine workers. Furthermore, migrants have loved ones back home, who may face their own vulnerabilities, as the family breadwinner is away. …

  8. When the safety net fails. Children in West and Central Africa and the risk of HIV infection

    This publication looks at children who are vulnerable to HIV infection, providing services to mitigate this vulnerability and to assist those who have already acquired HIV. To explore this, the authors spoke to more than 1,000 children and adolescents aged 8 to 20 years living in communities severely affected by war and displacement, child trafficking, or high HIV mortality - communities in which the social safety net had been severely disrupted. …

  9. HIV/AIDS in Namibia: Behavioral and Contextual Factors Driving the Epidemic

    This report identifies and describes what current evidence indicates are the main behavioral and contextual factors that are driving the HIV epidemic in Namibia. The report is intended to assist in the development of a national prevention strategy for combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Data from several sources are triangulated to assess which factors are most likely to contribute to the spread of HIV across the population. In the absence of a national seroprevalence survey, the following were examined to identify the main drivers of the Namibian HIV epidemic: 1. …

  10. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA 2002-2004

    Le plan stratégique 2002-2004 est le terme d'un processus analytique et de planification dans lequel s'est engagé une équipe pluridisciplinaire provenant de l'ensemble des opérateurs nationaux concernés par la lutte contre le VIH/SIDA. Actualisant l'analyse de la situation qui a permis de mettre en évidence l'ampleur des ravages du SIDA, le groupe de travail s'est attaché dans la deuxième phase à interroger les actions et initiatives entreprises par le pays dans ses différents secteurs. …

  11. Prevention is for life. HIV/AIDS: dispatches from the field

    Although HIV can strike anyone, it is not an equal opportunity virus. Gender inequality, poverty, lack of education and inadequate access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services continue to fuel the epidemic. This booklet will detail how and why prevention works. By applying the principles of prevention to diverse populations around the world, the global community can help slow, and possibly halt, what is proving to be one of the greatest health challenges of our time. …

  12. National human development report 2006 : Lesotho. The challenges of HIV and AIDS, poverty and food insecurity

    This Report discusses the state of human development in Lesotho at the turn of this new millennium. Almost seven years into this century, Lesotho has been faced with a combination of problems that do not seem to be amenable to easy solution, and that threaten to hold back, even reverse, its socio -economic progress. The nexus of the mutually reinforcing effects of chronic poverty, inequality and food insecurity is being compounded by the impact of the pervasive and growing HIV epidemic.

  13. Mozambique National Human Development Report 2007. Challenges and opportunities: the response to HIV and AIDS

    This is the sixth NHDR produced since 1998. The theme of the 2007 edition is the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The report looks carefully at general status of HIV and AIDS in Mozambique, its different facets and causes, its historical evolution, how it is regarded by society and its potential impact on the public and private sectors. The report finds that HIV and AIDS are exacerbating the problems of poverty, malnutrition, low educational levels and gender disparities, thus threatening the attainment of the MDGs as well as slowing growth and development.

  14. Cadre stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA 2006 - 2010

    Le Gouvernement de la République du Mali a donné mission au Secrétaire Exécutif du Haut Conseil National de Lutte Contre le VIH/SIDA (SE-HCNLS) d'élaborer, de manière hautement participative, le Cadre Stratégique National de Lutte Contre le VIH/SIDA pour la période 2006-2010 (CSN 2006-2010). Après un survol du contexte de la lutte contre le VIH/SIDA au Mali ainsi que du processus de l'élaboration de l'instrument, le CSN 2006-2010 est structuré en plusieurs parties : 1.Les principaux déterminants de l'épidémie, 2. L'analyse de l'adéquation de la réponse au VIH/SIDA, 3. …

  15. Conveying concerns: media coverage of women and HIV/AIDS

    The article examines the epidemic's impact on women and girls from the perspective of women journalists. The first section looks at women's special vulnerability to HIV and is followed by sections on the transmission of virus from mother to child, young people, migrants and people living with HIV and AIDS.

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