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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Getting in line: coordinating responses for children affected by HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

    Only one in every eight households containing orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in African countries received any support from an external source (UNICEF, 2008). This is a reflection of how governments, both rich and poor, have ignored obligations ratified in conventions to ensure the social protection of vulnerable children (United Nations, 1989). Consequently, a disproportionate proportion of the financial burden of care of vulnerable children is borne by affected families and communities. …

  2. Taking evidence to impact: making a difference for vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    The purpose of this document is to inform the development of appropriate responses for children affected by HIV and AIDS. It builds on the principles and approaches from the 2004 Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS, bringing in new evidence from academic analysis and programmatic experience, and translating evidence into normative guidance for policymakers and programmers. …

  3. USAID/Zambia CHANGES2 Program final report: June 2005 - September 2009

    The American Institutes of Research (AIR)/Community Health and Nutrition, Gender and Education Support - 2 (CHANGES2) program was implemented through an EQUIP1 Associate Award. The program commenced operations in June 2005 and was completed in September 2009. CHANGES2 received funding from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Africa Education Initiative (AEI), Development Assistance (DA), Fast Track Initiative (FTI), and the Economic Support Fund (ESF). …

  4. Establishing, reviewing and implementing national plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in Southern and East Africa: lessons learnt and challenges

    This report focuses on the experiences of Save the Children in monitoring, implementing and reviewing NPAs in Angola, Ethiopia, South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Each of the country offices commissioned the documentation of case studies to identify promising practices and challenges around effective implementation of NPAs. This report consolidates these case studies and aims to draw lessons learnt from the various efforts undertaken by the country offices. …

  5. Protection, care and support for children vulnerable to violence, abuse, exploitation and neglect in the context of the HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea. Four year national strategy 2008-2011

    The Government of Papua New Guinea is committed to the protection, care and support of children vulnerable to violence, abuse, exploitation and neglect. The HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea is not only challenging the situation for children and their protection, but also necessitates an urgent and comprehensive response. This strategy provides a clear example of this commitment. …

  6. A healthy child in a healthy school environment. A look at the CHANGES program in Zambia

    CHANGES worked with the Zambian Ministries of Education, Health (MOH), and Community Development and Social Services (MCDSS) to develop the School Health and Nutrition (SHN) component, a first step in the development of a national school health and nutrition policy and the integration of health interventions and education in Zambian schools. …

  7. Schools as Centres of Care and Support (SCCS): Responding to the Needs of Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Rural Areas

    Southern Africa's rural and impoverished communities are some of the hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Large numbers of vulnerable children in these AIDS-affected communities struggle to access resources and services they desperately need and are entitled to. Despite this, most children still attend school, making schools an obvious avenue through which to address the multiplicity of needs of vulnerable children. The case study presented here describes an innovative and effective programme built on the principles of a multi-sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS. …

  8. Children and AIDS: Fourth Stocktaking Report, 2009

    In 2005, the epidemic's consequences prompted UNICEF, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and other partners to launch Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS, a global campaign to focus attention and resources on mitigating the worst effects of HIV and AIDS on children and young people. Four years into this effort, many lives have been saved or improved because national governments, non-governmental organizations, local communities and international organizations have been examining the evidence and responding. …

  9. Civil society organisations working with orphans and other vulnerable children: capacity assessment tool for quality OVC responses

    This tool can be used to analyze the capacity of national Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) that implement Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children (OVC) activities. Specifically, the tool can beáused to identify capacity building needs, plan technical support interventions, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building support. The tool was developed to enable the use of participatory processes to assess capacity gaps/needs of national OVC CSOs in a number of areas. The tool also enables the development of capacity building action-plans to address the identified gaps/needs. …

  10. Synthesis of evidence. Fouth Global Partners Forum on Children Affected by HIV and AIDS, Dublin, Ireland, 6-7 October 2008

    This paper's main aim is to synthesize recent existing evidence and outline the key messages that will improve understanding of the situation of children affected by HIV and AIDS. It is intended to stimulate a wider dialogue among policymakers, practitioners, researchers and donors.

  11. Getting in line: coordinating responses of donors, civil society and government for children affected by HIV and AIDS

    In 2007, a nine-country study in East and Southern Africa was commissioned to map involvement and define roles and responsibilities of civil society in expanded national AIDS responses to orphans and children made vulnerable by AIDS. Getting in Line analyses these country studies and provides recommendations to increase engagement between civil society, external agencies and government and assist their alignment with the vision, principles and strategies contained in national plans of action.

  12. UNICEF Annual report South Africa 2007

    The UNICEF South Africa Annual Report 2007 highlights UNICEF's work in South Africa. It summarizes some of the important results achieved for children in 2007 and highlights what still needs to be done.

  13. OVC Programmes in South Africa funded by the U.S. president's emergency plan for AIDS relief. Summary report for 32 case studies

    Despite the magnitude and dire consequences of the growing number of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa, and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, there is insufficient documentation of the strategies deployed to improve the well-being of these children. In an attempt to fill these knowledge gaps, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (emergency plan)/South Africa commissioned Khulisa Management Services to research and write 32 case studies of emergency plan-funded OVC programmes in South Africa. …

  14. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  15. Assessing youth needs and identifying program opportunities

    This brief is a summary of the common themes from the assessments including steps for conducting a youth assessment. Produced by YouthNet/Family Health International, the YouthNet Briefs are a new series of two-page summaries highlighting research findings, country projects, and technical leadership.

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