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This is a report of a symposium on the status and trends of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world that was organised by Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network. The intend was to derive information on status and trends that can be used by international, national and local bodies. The topics covered include: 1) the status of the epidemic (as of 1998); 2) migration and HIV/AIDS; 3) inequities in care and support for those infected with and affected by HIV/AIDS; 4) mother-to-child transmission; 5) HIV/AIDS transmission in the health care setting; 6) AIDS orphans; 7) interaction between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS programmes; and 8) general recommendations.
This power point presentaion looks at how HIV data can be used to measure HIV prevalence and incidence, AIDS prevalence and incidence and mortality. It also looks at how models can be used to understand the epidemic and its impact. Various graphical illustrations and data from Rwanda, South Africa, Zambia and Kenya are shown.
This strategic framework highlights the areas in which knowledge gaps and research information needs exist in Africa's fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It seeks to prioritize these needs so as to optimize the use of research funds in the development of higher impact interventions, effective service delivery systems and better monitoring and evaluation.