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This document begins by summarising the health and social problems of children living in a world of HIV/AIDS.The international response to the need of care sysytems for children affected by HIV/AIDS is also described. Other issues such as strategy development and systems design are explored.
Prior to this report, little scientific documentation existed on HIV/AIDS policies, legislation, financing and programme implementation in Southern African Development Community countries. This study reviews the HIV/AIDS policy and related issues in six southern African countries and provides recommendations on how best to strengthen policy in these areas.
This guide summarizes the best practices in the field of monitoring and evaluation of national HIV/AIDS programmes at the end of the 1990s, and recommends future options for monitoring and evaluation systems. It also gives an overview of the different functions of surveillance, monitoring and evaluation and describes the main features of a suitable monitoring and evaluation systems.
This report reveals the crucial role that behavioural information can play in the planning, implementation and evaluation of preventive activities in the field of HIV/AIDS. It takes into account research tools available and proposes a limited choice of methods for data collection that may be used at various stages of the epidemic in the countries concerned.
This study offers a baseline upon which to build a monitoring system for national and international HIV/AIDS financing. It also highlights a series of issues that need to be addressed in the development of such a monitoring system.
Ce rapport rend compte de l'atelier régional sur la surveillance du VIH organisé à Nairobi, Kenya du 10 au 13 février 1997. Des épidémiologistes, des responsables de programmes sur le SIDA et des spécialistes des sciences sociales y ont pris part. Les participants ont identifié les principales faiblesses des systèmes de surveillance actuels, fait des recommandations pour améliorer ces systèmes dans des domaines précis du suivi et de la collecte de données. Ils ont aussi démontré : 1. L'importance de la collecte de données sur le comportement pour renforcer les données épidémiologiques, 2. De la Production de plans d'action intégrant les conclusions de l'atelier en activités de surveillance à l'échelle nationale et 3. Du renforcement d'un partenariat effectif entre les épidémiologistes et les spécialistes du comportement dans les pays d'Afrique de l'Est.
This brochure discusses the tools used to track trends in HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour in Uganda. It attempts to demonstrate links between the two.
This is a report of a symposium on the status and trends of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world that was organised by Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network. The intend was to derive information on status and trends that can be used by international, national and local bodies. The topics covered include: 1) the status of the epidemic (as of 1998); 2) migration and HIV/AIDS; 3) inequities in care and support for those infected with and affected by HIV/AIDS; 4) mother-to-child transmission; 5) HIV/AIDS transmission in the health care setting; 6) AIDS orphans; 7) interaction between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS programmes; and 8) general recommendations.
This power point presentaion looks at how HIV data can be used to measure HIV prevalence and incidence, AIDS prevalence and incidence and mortality. It also looks at how models can be used to understand the epidemic and its impact. Various graphical illustrations and data from Rwanda, South Africa, Zambia and Kenya are shown.
This paper describes the monitoring and evaluation strategies suggested for Masiye Camp. It discusses the use of sample indicators and further recommendations in the context of the culture and community aspects and the criteria for te PSS Programmes in the Region for existing and new programmes.
This is a proposal clarifying the terms of reference and methodologies used in a study of the impacts of HIV/AIDS on the education sector. The paper looks at understanding the impacts of HIV/AIDS on society and issues of relevance to human resource development in south Africa; internal, or side supply-side, impact and external, or demand-side, impact.
This article discusses the importance of situation analysis in the process of formulating interventions for children and families affected by HIV/AIDS. The argument is that for interventions to be effective and resources to be well used, it is essential that interventions are developed with a clear understanding of the factors which are most significant and how they relate to each other in causing or mitigating problems. It is well argued how situation analysis and ongoing monitoring are essental to planning and implementing effective interventions.
Provides an overview of lessons learned for school based approaches to reducing HIV/AIDS related risk. Centres on youth-centred, integrated approach that includes sound monitoring and evaluation. Quality of Learner: Begin programmes by understanding what is known about HIV/AIDS and focus on understanding relevant risks to the population. Quality of Content: Using social learning theories to guide programme development will increase both positive individual health promoting behaviours as well as changing and supporting positive group social norms. …
This strategic framework highlights the areas in which knowledge gaps and research information needs exist in Africa's fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It seeks to prioritize these needs so as to optimize the use of research funds in the development of higher impact interventions, effective service delivery systems and better monitoring and evaluation.