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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Systematic review and meta-analysis: prevalence of alcohol use among young people in eastern Africa

    The study’s objective is the systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of alcohol use among young people (age 15–24 years) in eastern Africa to estimate prevalence of alcohol use and determine the extent of use of standardised screening questionnaires in alcohol studies. Based on the review results, the authors draw the conclusion that alcohol use and problem drinking were common among diverse groups of young people in eastern Africa, indicating the urgent need for alcohol-focused interventions in this population. …

  2. Getting in line: coordinating responses for children affected by HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

    Only one in every eight households containing orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in African countries received any support from an external source (UNICEF, 2008). This is a reflection of how governments, both rich and poor, have ignored obligations ratified in conventions to ensure the social protection of vulnerable children (United Nations, 1989). Consequently, a disproportionate proportion of the financial burden of care of vulnerable children is borne by affected families and communities. …

  3. USAID/Zambia CHANGES2 Program final report: June 2005 - September 2009

    The American Institutes of Research (AIR)/Community Health and Nutrition, Gender and Education Support - 2 (CHANGES2) program was implemented through an EQUIP1 Associate Award. The program commenced operations in June 2005 and was completed in September 2009. CHANGES2 received funding from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Africa Education Initiative (AEI), Development Assistance (DA), Fast Track Initiative (FTI), and the Economic Support Fund (ESF). …

  4. Establishing, reviewing and implementing national plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in Southern and East Africa: lessons learnt and challenges

    This report focuses on the experiences of Save the Children in monitoring, implementing and reviewing NPAs in Angola, Ethiopia, South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Each of the country offices commissioned the documentation of case studies to identify promising practices and challenges around effective implementation of NPAs. This report consolidates these case studies and aims to draw lessons learnt from the various efforts undertaken by the country offices. …

  5. A healthy child in a healthy school environment. A look at the CHANGES program in Zambia

    CHANGES worked with the Zambian Ministries of Education, Health (MOH), and Community Development and Social Services (MCDSS) to develop the School Health and Nutrition (SHN) component, a first step in the development of a national school health and nutrition policy and the integration of health interventions and education in Zambian schools. …

  6. Schools as Centres of Care and Support (SCCS): Responding to the Needs of Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Rural Areas

    Southern Africa's rural and impoverished communities are some of the hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Large numbers of vulnerable children in these AIDS-affected communities struggle to access resources and services they desperately need and are entitled to. Despite this, most children still attend school, making schools an obvious avenue through which to address the multiplicity of needs of vulnerable children. The case study presented here describes an innovative and effective programme built on the principles of a multi-sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS. …

  7. It works! Communication for HIV prevention and social change in adolescents: a mid-term review

    Straight Talk Foundation (STF) has worked for 15 years to better the lives of Ugandan adolescents. Its focus has been HIV prevention and improved adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH). STF's approach builds on the voices and stories of young people, parents, teachers and health workers to create "conversations" and generate solutions. STF works through three channels: radio, print and face-to-face communication. In 2005, STF drew up a five year Strategic Plan (SP) for 2006-2010. …

  8. Civil society organisations working with orphans and other vulnerable children: capacity assessment tool for quality OVC responses

    This tool can be used to analyze the capacity of national Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) that implement Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children (OVC) activities. Specifically, the tool can beáused to identify capacity building needs, plan technical support interventions, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building support. The tool was developed to enable the use of participatory processes to assess capacity gaps/needs of national OVC CSOs in a number of areas. The tool also enables the development of capacity building action-plans to address the identified gaps/needs. …

  9. Getting in line: coordinating responses of donors, civil society and government for children affected by HIV and AIDS

    In 2007, a nine-country study in East and Southern Africa was commissioned to map involvement and define roles and responsibilities of civil society in expanded national AIDS responses to orphans and children made vulnerable by AIDS. Getting in Line analyses these country studies and provides recommendations to increase engagement between civil society, external agencies and government and assist their alignment with the vision, principles and strategies contained in national plans of action.

  10. UNICEF Annual report South Africa 2007

    The UNICEF South Africa Annual Report 2007 highlights UNICEF's work in South Africa. It summarizes some of the important results achieved for children in 2007 and highlights what still needs to be done.

  11. OVC Programmes in South Africa funded by the U.S. president's emergency plan for AIDS relief. Summary report for 32 case studies

    Despite the magnitude and dire consequences of the growing number of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa, and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, there is insufficient documentation of the strategies deployed to improve the well-being of these children. In an attempt to fill these knowledge gaps, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (emergency plan)/South Africa commissioned Khulisa Management Services to research and write 32 case studies of emergency plan-funded OVC programmes in South Africa. …

  12. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  13. Strengthening the provision of adolescent-friendly health services to meet the health and development needs of adolescents in Africa: a consensus statement

    The paper presents the consensus statement of the African Regional Consultation on Adolescent-Friendly Health Services (AFHS) facilitated by WHO, and UNICEF which was held in Harare, Zimbabwe from 17 to 21 October 2000. The statement includes issues such as basic adolescent health needs, health-seeking behaviour, adolescent-friendly health services (AFHS), sustainability, resources, approaches to AFHS, and research areas.

  14. Care for orphans, children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children: a strategic framework

    This document provides a strategic framework to assist national and local planners, implementers, and donors in setting priorities, and outlines the steps necessary to develop responsive care and support programs for orphans, children affected by AIDS and other vulnerable children. It also elaborates on the role that FHI can play in this effort.

  15. Monitoring and Evaluation Sub Group ("D") OVC Think Tank: Masiye Camp Zimbabwe August 2001

    This paper describes the monitoring and evaluation strategies suggested for Masiye Camp. It discusses the use of sample indicators and further recommendations in the context of the culture and community aspects and the criteria for te PSS Programmes in the Region for existing and new programmes.

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