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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The impact of HIV and AIDS on teachers in Kenya: a pilot study in Nairobi Machakos and Siaya districts

    In Kenya, as in many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) threatens personal and national well being by negativelyá affecting health, life-span, and productive capacity of the individual hence severely constraining the accumulation of human capital and its transfer between generations. Data from recent research across many severely affected low-income countries clearly demonstrates that HIV and AIDS is the most serious impediment to economic growth and development and there is no reason to expect Kenya to be an exception. …

  2. VCT uptake and associated factors among teachers from Harari Administrative Region

    Background: Although HIV/AIDS is affecting most productive segments of the population, the basic education sector which is vital to the creation of human capital is also equally affected. The loss of skilled and experienced teachers due to the problem is increasingly compromising the provision of quality education in most African countries and thus, needs appropriate intervention measures that reverse the current trend. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and determining factors of VCT uptake among teachers of Harari Administrative Region. …

  3. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  4. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Human Resources in the Malawi Public Sector

    In July 2001, the Government, in collaboration with UNDP and UNAIDS, commissioned the Malawi Institute of Management to undertake an HIV/AIDS impact assessment study in the Public Service, covering the Ministries of Health, Education, Agriculture and Water Development, as well as the Malawi Police Service. The exercise was conducted in a consultative manner, with the involvement of all key stakeholders. This report presents the findings of the study which covers the period 1990-2000. The report reveals that HIV/AIDS is the major cause of deaths in the public service. …

  5. Teacher mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: an update

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic is expected to have a catastrophic impact on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa. It is also widely asserted that teachers themselves are a relatively high-risk group with respect to HIV infection. This note presents the most recent information that is available on HIV prevalence and mortality rates among teachers in ten countries, which are among the most seriously affected by the epidemic, namely South Africa, Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.

  6. Managing educational quality in an AIDS environment: development of a district-level database

    Maintaining and enhancing educational quality in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is particularly difficult because the virus is infecting increasing numbers of teaching and administrative staff in the education sector. The epidemic is also affecting pupils. Many have lost one or both parents, leading to financial strains and erratic attendance. In this context, it is important to track on a regular basis factors affecting educational quality during the school year in order to take corrective and preventive measures. …

  7. Le VIH/SIDA et le corps des enseignants, quels impacts sur le système éducatif ivoirien: Rapport d'enquête épidémiologique dans les régions de Daloa et Abengourou en République de Côte d'Ivoire

    En collaboration avec le Ministère de la lutte contre le SIDA, le Ministère de la santé, de la population et de l'hygiène publique, du Ministère de l'éducation nationale et de la formation de base, l'Internationale de l'éducation section Côte d'Ivoire avec l'appui financier de l'Internationale de l'éducation (IESCI) a décidé de mener une enquête épidémiologique VIH/SIDA sur les enseignants des régions du haut Sassandra et du Moyen Comoe en Côte d'Ivoire. L'objectif général de cette étude est d'étudier les causes de décès des enseignants. …

  8. Educator supply and demand in the South African public education system: integrated report

    Education plays a key role in the development of any society. Responding to the need for empirical evidence on the demand for and supply of public educators in South Africa, the Education Labour Relations Council (ELRC) commissioned the Human Sciences Research Council-led consortium to conduct nation-wide research on the factors determining educator supply and demand in South African public education system. …

  9. Disease, HIV/AIDS and capacity implications: a case of the public education sector in Zambia

    This report presents findings of a study carried out to assess capacity issues in the context of the increasing incidence of disease in general and HIV/AIDS in particular on the public education sector. The first part of the report presents findings from the systems level. Here, economic conditions, the policy and institutional framework and human resource development as they relate to sector capacity are discussed. Thereafter, a sector review on the morbidity and mortality situation is outlined. …

  10. Approaches to examining the impact of HIV/AIDS on teachers

    HIV/AIDS has, unequivocally, led to increased morbidity and mortality among young adults in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Although all sectors of society have been affected, one sector in particular has been the focus for attention and controversy: teachers. This paper does not attempt to assess what the actual and likely impact of the epidemic is on teachers. Instead, it attempts to draw together the different approaches to understanding the impact on teachers: highlighting the key methodological issues and consequent gaps and recommendations. …

  11. Impact on Teaching and Support Staff

    This chapter describes the staffing situation, both nationally and in the survey schools. The second section then pulls together the available data to assess current levels of mortality, morbidity and absenteism by staff. The third section reviews the efforts that have been made to prevent and mitigate the impact of the epidemic on staff.

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