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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Impact assessment of HIV/AIDS on the education sector

    This report presents findings from the study and a follow-up workshop involving educators from all levels and representatives from a number of ministries. The Swaziland Ministry of Education has raised concerns about the possible effects of the AIDS epidemic on its ability to educate people to meet the challenges facing the Swazi nation. Specifically, two concerns were raised: 1) Will the Ministry be able to provide formal education to the majority of young Swazis into the future? …

  2. Economic impact of HIV and antiretroviral therapy on education supply in high prevalence regions

    Background: We set out to estimate, for the three geographical regions with the highest HIV prevalence, (sub-Saharan Africa [SSA], the Caribbean and the Greater Mekong sub-region of East Asia), the human resource and economic impact of HIV on the supply of education from 2008 to 2015, the target date for the achievement of Education For All (EFA), contrasting the continuation of access to care, support and Antiretroviral therapy (ART) to the scenario of universal access. …

  3. VCT uptake and associated factors among teachers from Harari Administrative Region

    Background: Although HIV/AIDS is affecting most productive segments of the population, the basic education sector which is vital to the creation of human capital is also equally affected. The loss of skilled and experienced teachers due to the problem is increasingly compromising the provision of quality education in most African countries and thus, needs appropriate intervention measures that reverse the current trend. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and determining factors of VCT uptake among teachers of Harari Administrative Region. …

  4. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  5. The impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality: a study focusing on educators in South African Public Schools

    One of the key determinants for the loss of public educators in South Africa is mortality due to AIDS. This report presents an estimate of the number of educators who died from AIDS in 2004, including the projected distribution of AIDS deaths by age group. While antiretroviral treatment cannot avert AIDS deaths entirely, it can delay AIDS-related mortality. This report estimates the extent to which the provision of antiretroviral treatment might reduce AIDS mortality among our educators.

  6. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary and Secondary Education in Botswana: Developing a Comprehensive Strategic Response

    This report presents the findings of an impact assessment of HIV/AIDS on primary and secondary schooling in Botswana. It was done as part of a three country study comprising Malawi and Uganda. …

  7. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Human Resources in the Malawi Public Sector

    In July 2001, the Government, in collaboration with UNDP and UNAIDS, commissioned the Malawi Institute of Management to undertake an HIV/AIDS impact assessment study in the Public Service, covering the Ministries of Health, Education, Agriculture and Water Development, as well as the Malawi Police Service. The exercise was conducted in a consultative manner, with the involvement of all key stakeholders. This report presents the findings of the study which covers the period 1990-2000. The report reveals that HIV/AIDS is the major cause of deaths in the public service. …

  8. Managing educational quality in an AIDS environment: development of a district-level database

    Maintaining and enhancing educational quality in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is particularly difficult because the virus is infecting increasing numbers of teaching and administrative staff in the education sector. The epidemic is also affecting pupils. Many have lost one or both parents, leading to financial strains and erratic attendance. In this context, it is important to track on a regular basis factors affecting educational quality during the school year in order to take corrective and preventive measures. …

  9. Le VIH/SIDA et le corps des enseignants, quels impacts sur le système éducatif ivoirien: Rapport d'enquête épidémiologique dans les régions de Daloa et Abengourou en République de Côte d'Ivoire

    En collaboration avec le Ministère de la lutte contre le SIDA, le Ministère de la santé, de la population et de l'hygiène publique, du Ministère de l'éducation nationale et de la formation de base, l'Internationale de l'éducation section Côte d'Ivoire avec l'appui financier de l'Internationale de l'éducation (IESCI) a décidé de mener une enquête épidémiologique VIH/SIDA sur les enseignants des régions du haut Sassandra et du Moyen Comoe en Côte d'Ivoire. L'objectif général de cette étude est d'étudier les causes de décès des enseignants. …

  10. Educator supply and demand in the South African public education system: integrated report

    Education plays a key role in the development of any society. Responding to the need for empirical evidence on the demand for and supply of public educators in South Africa, the Education Labour Relations Council (ELRC) commissioned the Human Sciences Research Council-led consortium to conduct nation-wide research on the factors determining educator supply and demand in South African public education system. …

  11. Educator Mortality In-Service in KwaZulu Natal: a consolidated study of HIV/AIDS impact and trends

    This study constitutes the second step in analysis of educator data in KwaZulu Natal, as part of an on-going research agenda, following the development of an educator demand model (described below) and linked to the development of a monthly data collection system (DEMMIS). The purpose of the study is to attempt to answer several important questions in the context of education planning in a high prevalence environment in the HIV/AIDS era, specifically: How important is educator mortality and attrition in the face of declining enrolment? …

  12. Educator Attrition and Mortality in South Africa. A study into gross educator attrition rates and trends, including analysis of the causes of these by age and gender, in the public schools system in South Africa 1997/8-2003/4.

    This report provides the first overview of education attrition and mortality trends not reliant on estimates, models or projections, but on primary data contained in government registers. As such there was no sampling frame and no statistical deduction in terms of attrition - only analysis of hard data.The aim of the study is to estimate gross educator attrition rates and trends, including an analysis of the causes of these by age and gender, in the public schools system in South Africa. The magnitude and dimensions of educaor attrition and its components, including mortality were examined.

  13. Disease, HIV/AIDS and capacity implications: a case of the public education sector in Zambia

    This report presents findings of a study carried out to assess capacity issues in the context of the increasing incidence of disease in general and HIV/AIDS in particular on the public education sector. The first part of the report presents findings from the systems level. Here, economic conditions, the policy and institutional framework and human resource development as they relate to sector capacity are discussed. Thereafter, a sector review on the morbidity and mortality situation is outlined. …

  14. Assessment of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Mozambique

    The main aim of the study was to provide the Ministry of Education and the Government of Mozambique with information, for strategic planning and advocacy purposes.The objectives of the study were:- Determine the impact of the epidemic on the education sector at the national level- Determine the medium- and longer-term effects on the education system's ability to meet its stated strategic objectives over the next ten years- Strengthen the capacity of the Ministry's directorates to implement and manage similar assessments- Increase awareness within the Ministry about the nature and extent of HIV …

  15. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teacher mortality in sub-Saharan Africa

    This article gives findings of the impact of the epidemic analysed through absolute and relative mortality rates in 8 high prevalence countries. Finding are that though teachers are more prone to the disease because they are in the highest HIV prevalence age co-hort and likely to engage in high risk behavior, actual mortality rates are lower than the projected mortality rates indicating that contrary to what is portrayed teachers are actually less prone than the adult populations a whole. …

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