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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Impact assessment of HIV/AIDS on the education sector

    This report presents findings from the study and a follow-up workshop involving educators from all levels and representatives from a number of ministries. The Swaziland Ministry of Education has raised concerns about the possible effects of the AIDS epidemic on its ability to educate people to meet the challenges facing the Swazi nation. Specifically, two concerns were raised: 1) Will the Ministry be able to provide formal education to the majority of young Swazis into the future? …

  2. The impact of HIV and AIDS on teachers: national responses to prevent and mitigate impact

    The impact of HIV and AIDS has been the subject of much speculation and concern. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, many researchers and analysts were predicting devastating impact on the ranks of teachers and the wholesale collapse of education systems. Since then, the evidence of many high-prevalence countries in southern Africa suggests that this impact has not been as dramatic as first feared and that the pandemic has not, in fact, decimated entire education systems. …

  3. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  4. The impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality: a study focusing on educators in South African Public Schools

    One of the key determinants for the loss of public educators in South Africa is mortality due to AIDS. This report presents an estimate of the number of educators who died from AIDS in 2004, including the projected distribution of AIDS deaths by age group. While antiretroviral treatment cannot avert AIDS deaths entirely, it can delay AIDS-related mortality. This report estimates the extent to which the provision of antiretroviral treatment might reduce AIDS mortality among our educators.

  5. The impact of HIV and AIDS on education in the Caribbean

    Recent research highlights the need for the assessment of the impact of HIV and AIDS on education in the Caribbean as integral to its mitigation. The analysis presented in this paper is the first to attempt such an assessment. Although only preliminary evaluations of the effects upon the supply of education are made, it is clear that HIV and AIDS may have a significant impact on the education systems in the region. In addition to the quantifiable impact, the impacts of HIV and AIDS may be disproportionate in small states, which predominate in the region. …

  6. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary and Secondary Education in Botswana: Developing a Comprehensive Strategic Response

    This report presents the findings of an impact assessment of HIV/AIDS on primary and secondary schooling in Botswana. It was done as part of a three country study comprising Malawi and Uganda. …

  7. Managing educational quality in an AIDS environment: development of a district-level database

    Maintaining and enhancing educational quality in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is particularly difficult because the virus is infecting increasing numbers of teaching and administrative staff in the education sector. The epidemic is also affecting pupils. Many have lost one or both parents, leading to financial strains and erratic attendance. In this context, it is important to track on a regular basis factors affecting educational quality during the school year in order to take corrective and preventive measures. …

  8. Educator supply and demand in the South African public education system: integrated report

    Education plays a key role in the development of any society. Responding to the need for empirical evidence on the demand for and supply of public educators in South Africa, the Education Labour Relations Council (ELRC) commissioned the Human Sciences Research Council-led consortium to conduct nation-wide research on the factors determining educator supply and demand in South African public education system. …

  9. Educator Mortality In-Service in KwaZulu Natal: a consolidated study of HIV/AIDS impact and trends

    This study constitutes the second step in analysis of educator data in KwaZulu Natal, as part of an on-going research agenda, following the development of an educator demand model (described below) and linked to the development of a monthly data collection system (DEMMIS). The purpose of the study is to attempt to answer several important questions in the context of education planning in a high prevalence environment in the HIV/AIDS era, specifically: How important is educator mortality and attrition in the face of declining enrolment? …

  10. Educator Attrition and Mortality in South Africa. A study into gross educator attrition rates and trends, including analysis of the causes of these by age and gender, in the public schools system in South Africa 1997/8-2003/4.

    This report provides the first overview of education attrition and mortality trends not reliant on estimates, models or projections, but on primary data contained in government registers. As such there was no sampling frame and no statistical deduction in terms of attrition - only analysis of hard data.The aim of the study is to estimate gross educator attrition rates and trends, including an analysis of the causes of these by age and gender, in the public schools system in South Africa. The magnitude and dimensions of educaor attrition and its components, including mortality were examined.

  11. Disease, HIV/AIDS and capacity implications: a case of the public education sector in Zambia

    This report presents findings of a study carried out to assess capacity issues in the context of the increasing incidence of disease in general and HIV/AIDS in particular on the public education sector. The first part of the report presents findings from the systems level. Here, economic conditions, the policy and institutional framework and human resource development as they relate to sector capacity are discussed. Thereafter, a sector review on the morbidity and mortality situation is outlined. …

  12. Assessment of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Mozambique

    The main aim of the study was to provide the Ministry of Education and the Government of Mozambique with information, for strategic planning and advocacy purposes.The objectives of the study were:- Determine the impact of the epidemic on the education sector at the national level- Determine the medium- and longer-term effects on the education system's ability to meet its stated strategic objectives over the next ten years- Strengthen the capacity of the Ministry's directorates to implement and manage similar assessments- Increase awareness within the Ministry about the nature and extent of HIV …

  13. Approaches to examining the impact of HIV/AIDS on teachers

    HIV/AIDS has, unequivocally, led to increased morbidity and mortality among young adults in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Although all sectors of society have been affected, one sector in particular has been the focus for attention and controversy: teachers. This paper does not attempt to assess what the actual and likely impact of the epidemic is on teachers. Instead, it attempts to draw together the different approaches to understanding the impact on teachers: highlighting the key methodological issues and consequent gaps and recommendations. …

  14. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teacher mortality in sub-Saharan Africa

    This article gives findings of the impact of the epidemic analysed through absolute and relative mortality rates in 8 high prevalence countries. Finding are that though teachers are more prone to the disease because they are in the highest HIV prevalence age co-hort and likely to engage in high risk behavior, actual mortality rates are lower than the projected mortality rates indicating that contrary to what is portrayed teachers are actually less prone than the adult populations a whole. …

  15. Impact on Teaching and Support Staff

    This chapter describes the staffing situation, both nationally and in the survey schools. The second section then pulls together the available data to assess current levels of mortality, morbidity and absenteism by staff. The third section reviews the efforts that have been made to prevent and mitigate the impact of the epidemic on staff.

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