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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The impact of HIV and AIDS on teachers: national responses to prevent and mitigate impact

    The impact of HIV and AIDS has been the subject of much speculation and concern. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, many researchers and analysts were predicting devastating impact on the ranks of teachers and the wholesale collapse of education systems. Since then, the evidence of many high-prevalence countries in southern Africa suggests that this impact has not been as dramatic as first feared and that the pandemic has not, in fact, decimated entire education systems. …

  2. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  3. Estimates of the Impact of HIV and teacher ART take-up on the Education Sector and the achievement of EFA in Kenya

    An analysis was carried out to indirectly estimate the imapct of HIV on the education sector in Kenyan provinces using the Ed-SIDA model which uses teacher demographic information and combines this with epidemiological projections to determine the number of teachers who are living with HIV, their AIDS absenteeism and associated mortality. The main results were that HIV prevalence among Kenyan teachers can be expected to be high, 15%, due to teachers belonging to vulnerable age groups. …

  4. UNESCO review of higher education institutions' responses to HIV and AIDS. Lesotho: the case of the National University of Lesotho

    HIV/AIDS is having a devastating impact on the health and livelihoods of Basotho. The country is estimated to have the third highest infection rate in Sub-Saharan Africa, with increasing numbers of HIV/AIDS orphans. The National University of Lesotho (NUL) can play an important role in combating the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS. It is the only university in the country and as such educates the future leaders and policy makers of the nation. It is also a major producer of research knowledge. …

  5. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  6. The impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality: a study focusing on educators in South African Public Schools

    One of the key determinants for the loss of public educators in South Africa is mortality due to AIDS. This report presents an estimate of the number of educators who died from AIDS in 2004, including the projected distribution of AIDS deaths by age group. While antiretroviral treatment cannot avert AIDS deaths entirely, it can delay AIDS-related mortality. This report estimates the extent to which the provision of antiretroviral treatment might reduce AIDS mortality among our educators.

  7. The impact of HIV and AIDS on education in the Caribbean

    Recent research highlights the need for the assessment of the impact of HIV and AIDS on education in the Caribbean as integral to its mitigation. The analysis presented in this paper is the first to attempt such an assessment. Although only preliminary evaluations of the effects upon the supply of education are made, it is clear that HIV and AIDS may have a significant impact on the education systems in the region. In addition to the quantifiable impact, the impacts of HIV and AIDS may be disproportionate in small states, which predominate in the region. …

  8. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary and Secondary Education in Botswana: Developing a Comprehensive Strategic Response

    This report presents the findings of an impact assessment of HIV/AIDS on primary and secondary schooling in Botswana. It was done as part of a three country study comprising Malawi and Uganda. …

  9. South Africa: effective service delivery in the education and health sectors. A discussion paper

    Among the many urgent priorities on the agenda of the new African National Congress (ANC) government in 1994 was the extension of public services to the whole population that up to then only white South Africans had been able to take for granted. This discussion document considers the challenges of achieving this ambition, with particular reference to the delivery of health and education services in South Africa in the post-apartheid state. …

  10. Managing educational quality in an AIDS environment: development of a district-level database

    Maintaining and enhancing educational quality in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is particularly difficult because the virus is infecting increasing numbers of teaching and administrative staff in the education sector. The epidemic is also affecting pupils. Many have lost one or both parents, leading to financial strains and erratic attendance. In this context, it is important to track on a regular basis factors affecting educational quality during the school year in order to take corrective and preventive measures. …

  11. HIV/AIDS and Education: Sharing Experiences, Views and Ideas from the Côte d'Ivoire and Central African Republic HIV/AIDS Impact Assessment, Measure and Response

    HIV/AIDS and Education: Sharing Experiences, Views and Ideas from the Côte d'Ivoire and Central African Republic HIV/AIDS Impact Assessment, Measure and Response

  12. Gender, HIV/AIDS and the status of teachers: presentation at the 3rd Commonwealth Teacher Research Symposium Maputo, 19th February 2008

    This document looks at HIV and AIDS in Commonwealth countries and in particular the impact of HIV and AIDS on teachers. Slightly more than half of those who are infected are women. This has implications for the teaching profession and the delivery of educational services, since a high percentage of teachers, especially those in pre-schools and primary schools, are female. There is a potential loss of teachers in terms of sickness and deaths. …

  13. Exploring the Implications of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic for Educational Planning in Selected African Countries: The Demographic Question

    This analysis is based on applications of the AIDS Impact Model (AIM). At least two alternative population projections are used for each country (Zimbabwe, Zambia, Kenya and Uganda). The first projection is hypothetical and assumes that the HIV/AIDS epidemic never existed. Each of these projectionsis designated "Without AIDS" projection, for example, Uganda-Without AIDS. The second projection for each of the four countries traces the historical development of the epidemic as closely as possible and then projects forward to 2010. …

  14. Educator supply and demand in the South African public education system: integrated report

    Education plays a key role in the development of any society. Responding to the need for empirical evidence on the demand for and supply of public educators in South Africa, the Education Labour Relations Council (ELRC) commissioned the Human Sciences Research Council-led consortium to conduct nation-wide research on the factors determining educator supply and demand in South African public education system. …

  15. Educator Mortality In-Service in KwaZulu Natal: a consolidated study of HIV/AIDS impact and trends

    This study constitutes the second step in analysis of educator data in KwaZulu Natal, as part of an on-going research agenda, following the development of an educator demand model (described below) and linked to the development of a monthly data collection system (DEMMIS). The purpose of the study is to attempt to answer several important questions in the context of education planning in a high prevalence environment in the HIV/AIDS era, specifically: How important is educator mortality and attrition in the face of declining enrolment? …

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