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Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.
This briefing book is intended to provide information about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ghana. The information is provided in four sections:Background: What we know about HIV/AIDS in Ghana today; Projections: the number of people who might develop AIDS in the future; Impacts: The social and economic impacts of AIDS; Interventions: What needs to be done to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS; Policy: Policy issues and the National Strategic framework, and institutional structure that have been put in place to combat the epidemic.
This report commissioned by ADEA sets out to understand how HIV/AIDS affects African universities and to identify responses. Based on case studies at 7 universities in 6 countries (Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia) it compares and analyses the findings.