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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Children’s school participation and HIV/AIDS in rural Malawi: the role of parental knowledge and perceptions

    Studies of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and children’s educational attainment largely focus on the direct impacts of parental illness and death, overlooking the potential indirect impact that parental knowledge and perceptions of their HIV status may have on children’s school enrollment. Drawing on both quantitative and qualitative evidence from Malawi, this paper finds that women’s real and perceived anticipation of future health shocks has a positive impact on their children’s educational attainment. …

  2. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  3. Where has all the education gone in Africa? Employment outcomes among secondary school and university leavers.

    This report presents the main findings of an international research project that has evaluated the education and employment experiences of secondary school leavers and university graduates in four African countries - Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The four countries were also selected because they have or have had very high HIV prevalence rates. …

  4. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  5. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on primary and secondary teachers and university staff in Malawi

    Malawi has one of the highest HIV adult prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa. However, even at this advanced stage of the AIDS epidemic, remarkably little robust evidence is available on mortality levels and trends among the population as a whole as well as specific occupational groups. Teachers, in particular have been frequently singled out as being a 'high-risk group'. …

  6. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Human Resources in the Malawi Public Sector

    In July 2001, the Government, in collaboration with UNDP and UNAIDS, commissioned the Malawi Institute of Management to undertake an HIV/AIDS impact assessment study in the Public Service, covering the Ministries of Health, Education, Agriculture and Water Development, as well as the Malawi Police Service. The exercise was conducted in a consultative manner, with the involvement of all key stakeholders. This report presents the findings of the study which covers the period 1990-2000. The report reveals that HIV/AIDS is the major cause of deaths in the public service. …

  7. Managing educational quality in an AIDS environment: development of a district-level database

    Maintaining and enhancing educational quality in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is particularly difficult because the virus is infecting increasing numbers of teaching and administrative staff in the education sector. The epidemic is also affecting pupils. Many have lost one or both parents, leading to financial strains and erratic attendance. In this context, it is important to track on a regular basis factors affecting educational quality during the school year in order to take corrective and preventive measures. …

  8. L'Impact de l'épidemie du SIDA sur les enseignants du primaire, du secondaire et du personnel universitaire au Malawi

    Il s'agit d'une étude menée sur un échantillon de 38 écoles primaires et secondaires situées dans deux districts voisins du Malawi sur une période 6 ans allant de 1997 à 2002. Le premier district, Blantyre, est la capitale économique du pays, une zone urbaine.Quand à Chiradzulu, il est essentiellement rural. …

  9. Impact on Teaching and Support Staff

    This chapter describes the staffing situation, both nationally and in the survey schools. The second section then pulls together the available data to assess current levels of mortality, morbidity and absenteism by staff. The third section reviews the efforts that have been made to prevent and mitigate the impact of the epidemic on staff.

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