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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Universities and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: University of Zambia

    This case study on the University of Zambia aimed at answering the following questions: In what ways has the University of Zambia been affected by HIV/AIDS? How has the university responded to these impacts? What steps is the university taking to control and limit the further spread of HIV/AIDS in its community? What HIV/AIDS-related teaching, research, publication, and advisory services has the university undertaken? How does the university propose to anticipate and address the larger impact of HIV/AIDS on the national labour market for university graduates? …

  2. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  3. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  4. School education and HIV control in Sub-Saharan Africa: from discord to harmony

    HIV is widely regarded as a disease of poverty and ignorance. However, within sub-Saharan Africa, more developed countries and sub-populations appear to have higher levels of HIV prevalence. This paper considers the evidence and possible reasons for this, by focusing on the relationships between education and the spread of HIV at the macro and micro levels.

  5. Exploring the Implications of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic for Educational Planning in Selected African Countries: The Demographic Question

    This analysis is based on applications of the AIDS Impact Model (AIM). At least two alternative population projections are used for each country (Zimbabwe, Zambia, Kenya and Uganda). The first projection is hypothetical and assumes that the HIV/AIDS epidemic never existed. Each of these projectionsis designated "Without AIDS" projection, for example, Uganda-Without AIDS. The second projection for each of the four countries traces the historical development of the epidemic as closely as possible and then projects forward to 2010. …

  6. Disease, HIV/AIDS and capacity implications: a case of the public education sector in Zambia

    This report presents findings of a study carried out to assess capacity issues in the context of the increasing incidence of disease in general and HIV/AIDS in particular on the public education sector. The first part of the report presents findings from the systems level. Here, economic conditions, the policy and institutional framework and human resource development as they relate to sector capacity are discussed. Thereafter, a sector review on the morbidity and mortality situation is outlined. …

  7. Challenging the Challenger: Understanding and expanding the response of universities in Africa to HIV/AIDS

    This report commissioned by ADEA sets out to understand how HIV/AIDS affects African universities and to identify responses. Based on case studies at 7 universities in 6 countries (Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia) it compares and analyses the findings.

  8. Anti-retroviral drugs are driving down teacher mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. An update on the data on teacher deaths in five high-prevalence countries.

    The purpose of this note is to further update the data on teacher deaths in five high HIV prevalence countries, namely Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania and Zambia.

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