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This question and answer guide for HIV-positive adolescents covers a variety of topics, including ARVs, adherence, friendship, nutrition, exercise, reproductive health, positive prevention, multiple concurrent partnerships, safe male circumcision, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, emotions, and disclosure.
The national strategic framework for the Elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive, eMTCT, was developed to strengthen and accelerate the effort to eliminate HIV transmission to children and improve the survival of mothers over the next four years. The country has made significant achievements in reaching pregnant women with antenatal care services and is well positioned to leverage this antenatal care coverage to eliminate HIV transmission to infants and children.
Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was extremely common in southern Africa during the 1990s, and a substantial minority of infected infants have survived to reach adolescence undiagnosed. Studies have shown a high prevalence of HIV infection in hospitalized adolescents who have features associated with long-standing HIV infection, including stunting and frequent minor illnesses. Given this reality, the epidemiology of HIV infection at the primary care level is investigated. …