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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Live life positively: know your HIV status

    On World AIDS Day 2018, HIV testing is being brought into the spotlight. And for good reason. Around the world, 37 million people are living with HIV, the highest number ever, yet a quarter do not know that they have the virus.

  2. Manual para la atención de la Salud Sexual y Reproductiva de mujeres que viven con VIH y VIH avanzado (sida). Manual práctico para proveedores de servicios de salud por niveles de atención del Ministerio De Salud Pública y Asistencia Social de Guatemala

    Este Manual surge como parte de la respuesta ante las demandas de la Red Guatemalteca Mujeres Positivas en Acción, referente para Guatemala de la Comunidad Internacional de Mujeres que viven con VIH/SIDA (ICW), instancia que ha documentado la falta de cumplimiento del marco legal y de derecho en la atención de la salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres que viven con VIH. Este proceso contó con el acompañamiento técnico y financiero del Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas. …

  3. Cadre juridique sur la lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA et la protection des personnes vivant avec le VIH et le SIDA à Madagascar

    La présente loi a pour objet : de lutter contre la propagation de l’affection causée par le Virus de l’Immunodéficience Humaine (VIH) entraînant la diminution et la perte de défenses immunitaires de l’organisme, se traduisant par le Syndrome d’Immuno-Déficience Acquise (SIDA) ; de protéger les personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA contre toutes formes de discrimination ou de stigmatisation ; de réaffirmer leurs droits et libertés fondamentaux conformément aux instruments internationaux relatifs aux droits de l’homme. Elle indique également les mesures de protection des droits du ou des partenaire …

  4. SRH and HIV linkages compendium: Indicators and related assessment tools

    Ensuring universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights and HIV prevention, treatment, care and support are essential for development, including in the post 2015 agenda. However, while there are many separate sexual and reproductive health (SRH) related and HIV-related indicators, a key challenge has been the lack of internationally agreed indicators to measure progress in linking SRH and HIV. …

  5. Let’s talk about sex: A qualitative study of Rwandan adolescents’ views on sex and HIV

    Objective: This qualitative study explored the views and experiences of adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV in Kigali, Rwanda, regarding sex, love, marriage, children and hope for the future. Design: The study enrolled 42 adolescents who had received combination antiretroviral therapy for at least 12 months, and a selection of their primary caregivers. Study methods included 3 multiple day workshops consisting of role-playing and focus group discussions (FGDs) with adolescents, 8 in-depth interviews with adolescents, and one FGD with caregivers. …

  6. Guía para el manejo y seguimiento de la mujer embarazada positiva al VIH o con SIDA

    La presente guía de manejo y seguimiento de la mujer embarazada VIH positiva o con SIDA tiene como objetivo estandarizar el manejo durante el embarazo, parto, puerperio y recién nacido/a de madre VIH positiva, con el fin de disminuir la transmisión madre/hijo/a y a preservar la vida de la madre.

  7. La situación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes con VIH en Argentina: Un diagnóstico colectivo del estado de la respuesta en los servicios de salud

    Con el objetivo de mejorar el conocimiento sobre la situación epidemiológica de los niños, niñas y adolescentes con VIH en Argentina y ampliar el saber sobre el estado de la respuesta que se ofrece desde los servicios de salud, la Dirección de SIDA y ETS del Ministerio de Salud de la Nación (DS y ETS) y la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría (SAP) organizaron un encuentro con los referentes de los servicios donde se atiende a la mayor parte de esa población, incluyendo a los principales laboratorios que participan del proceso de diagnóstico pediátrico. …

  8. Teen talk : a guide for positive living

    This question and answer guide for HIV-positive adolescents covers a variety of topics, including ARVs, adherence, friendship, nutrition, exercise, reproductive health, positive prevention, multiple concurrent partnerships, safe male circumcision, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, emotions, and disclosure.

  9. Scaling up prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs in sub-Saharan African countries: a multilevel assessment of site-,program- and country-level determinants of performance

    This study seeks to look at the influence of program-level and contextual determinants that pose a challenge to the uptake of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs in sub-Saharan Africa. This study explore thes multilevel factors associated with "coverage in single dose nevirapine PMTCT programs." The study found that heterogeneity of nevirapine coverage between sites and programs was high- meaning that in these programs there was a high HIV prevalance, a higher proportion of persons with knowledge of PMTCT, and a lower percentage of rural population. …

  10. Knowledge of antiretrovirals in preventing parent-to-child-transmission of HIV: a cross-sectional study among women living with HIV in Tamil Nadu, India

    India is amongst the top 10 countries in the world currently with the highest burden of pregnant women living with HIV and nearly 80% of these women do not recieve antiretroviral treatement drugs to prevent parent-to-child transmission. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study in which women were interviewed in Tamil Nadu to estimate HIV-infected women's awarness of PTCT and knowledge of ARVs as a measure to prevent PTCT. The results of the study are that 18.8% of the women with HIV interviewed had not heard of PTCT and 40% did not know that ARVs could prevent PTCT. …

  11. Eliminating mother-to-child HIV transmission in South Africa

    This article discusses the effect that the WHO guidelines for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV has had on South Africa. South Africa initiated its PMTCT programme in 2002, however political support for it has increased since 2008. Since then the proportion of HIV-exposed infants who underwent PCR tests to detected early HIV transmission has increased, and the estimated HIV transmission rate has decreased. …

  12. Previous reproductive history and post-natal family planning among HIV-infected women in Ukraine

    This document describes post-natal family planning practices among HIV-positive childbearing women in Ukraine.

  13. Undiagnosed HIV Infections among Adolescents Seeking Primary Health Care in Zimbabwe

    Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was extremely common in southern Africa during the 1990s, and a substantial minority of infected infants have survived to reach adolescence undiagnosed. Studies have shown a high prevalence of HIV infection in hospitalized adolescents who have features associated with long-standing HIV infection, including stunting and frequent minor illnesses. Given this reality, the epidemiology of HIV infection at the primary care level is investigated. …

  14. Derechos sexuales y reproductivos. Protocolo ACTG - 076

    Definición de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos. El protocolo ACTG-076, que reglamenta el tratamiento y los cuidados que debe entregar el servicio de salud a una mujer viviendo con VIH/SIDA que se encuentra embarazada, de manera de prevenir la transmisión vertical (de madre a hijo). Descripción del tratamiento.

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