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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Change the context not the girls: improving efforts to reduce teenage pregnancy in Sierra Leone

    Concerns about significant increases in Sierra Leone’s already high rates of teenage pregnancy during the Ebola crisis have led to redoubled efforts among policy-makers and development practitioners to address this problem. The startling health and education impacts on teenage girls -twice as many mothers aged 15-19 die in childbirth compared to those over 20 while teen pregnancy is one of the leading causes of school dropouts - underline the importance of these efforts. …

  2. Predictors of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young people: Lessons from Botswana

    This study sought to identify factors that can predict knowledge about HIV/AIDS among adolescents in Botswana. The data were collected through a self administered questionnaire from a sample of 1294 students from schools around the capital city of Botswana, Gaborone. The research instrument consisted of 76 items that solicited information on background characteristics of respondents, indicators of family cohesiveness and bonding of children with their parents, indicators of personal adjustment, evidence of sex life, and knowledge about HIV/AIDS. …

  3. Jamaican Mothers' Influences of Adolescent Girls' Sexual Beliefs and Behaviors

    The purpose of this study was to identify the ways in which urban Jamaican mothers influence their adolescent daughters' sexual beliefs and behaviors in order to incorporate them into the design of a family-based, HIV risk-reduction intervention program. Focus groups were conducted with forty-six 14- to 18-year-old adolescent girls and 30 mothers or female guardians of adolescent girls recruited from community-based organizations in and around Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica. Separate focus groups were held with mothers and daughters; each included 6 to 10 participants. …

  4. Connections training of trainers workshop meeting report

    Connections is an adolescent and parent programme that helps girls and their mothers to become more confident and comfortable to talk about gender, relationships and sex. The programme provides information and life-skills around issues including puberty, growing up, relationships, dating, sexuality, pregnancy prevention, gender rights, alcohol use and parent-to-adolescent communications. The programme covers both the biological aspects of sex, and broader relational aspects such as peer and romantic relationships, love, reproduction, gender rights, HIV, risk-taking and peer influence. …

  5. Sexuality and HIV and AIDS in Africa: report of the 4th Africa Conference on Sexual Health and Rights

    "Sexuality and HIV & AIDS" was the theme of the 4th Africa Conference on Sexual Health and Rights held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from February 8th to 12th, 2010. The main objective of the Conference was to identify vulnerabilities and vulnerable people that are critical to SRHR and HIV/AIDS interventions. The Conference sought to introduce new insights to initiatives that will stem the spread of HIV and AIDS and map a course of action for SRHR. A key expected outcome was a shift away from moral approaches and expansion of the discussion of sexuality from a rights based perspective. …

  6. Executive Summary: Sexual risk and protective factors. Factors affecting teen sexual behavior, pregnancy, childbearing and sexually transmitted disease: What are important? Which can you change?

    Executive Summary: Sexual Risk and Protective Factors. Factors Affecting Teen Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, Childbearing And Sexually Transmitted Disease: What Are Important? Which Can You Change? is a document part of the project of the United States National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. It addresses two main primary questions: 1) what factors influence adolescents' decisions about sex? And 2) Which of these factors can be altered? By identifying and targeting those factors it tries to provide information to reduce sexual risk-taking.

  7. Nepal: support communication to enhance young mothers' reproductive health

    This study was undertaken as part of a reproductive health project implemented by the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and the Center for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA), sought to improve social norms that leave young women vulnerable to health risks related to early marriage and childbearing and limited access to reproductive health services. It was found that communication-based support to mothersÆ groups and newly formed youth communication groups improved reproductive health knowledge and behavior among young married women in Nepal.

  8. Behaviour change communication master plan for reproductive health

    A basic reference for IEC and Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) interventions for reproductive health programmes in Myanmar. Intended for those responsible for planning and implementing IEC and BCC interventions such as programme planners, programme managers and IEC personnel, the book serves as a guide for planning BCC campaigns or as a source of ideas for campaigns. It also offers a set of RH messages including adolescent reproductive health and HIV/AIDS, and safe motherhood, that have been developed in partnership with the various organizations working in the field of RH in Myanmar.

  9. It takes 2: Partnering with men in reproductive and sexual health

    Partnering with men is emerging as an important strategy for improving reproductive health. This new publication offers guidance on effective and gender-sensitive ways to engage men in the reproductive and sexual health of themselves and their partners. It includes examples of successful strategies and programming as well as lessons learned. A checklist summarizing key points makes this programme advisory note an especially useful tool for both designing and evaluating projects.

  10. Monitoring and evaluation of sexual and reproductive health interventions: a manual for the EC/UNFPA Initiative for Reproductive Health in Asia

    The manual is a tool aimed at helping organisations to monitor and evaluate sexual and reproductive health interventions, whether they be individual projects or part of larger programmes like the EC/UNFPA Initiative for Reproductive Health in Asia. The handbook acquaints the reader with concepts and terminology underlying the objectives of the RHI and ICPD/POA, the scope and focus of project monitoring and evaluation and their different functions, the use of a conceptual model for monitoring and evaluation and its relationship with the logical framework and the systems analysis framework. …

  11. Mothers' influence on teen sex : connections that promote postponing sexual intercourse

    The study focuses on mother-teen relationships as they affect behaviour among teens who are not yet sexually active. The report looks at several questions such as: Do mothers know whether their teens have had sex?; Do mothers talk to their teens about sex and birth control?; Mothers talk, teen's perceptions: what matters?; What effect do closeness and connectedness have on teen sex?; What else about mothers make a difference for sexual initiation.

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