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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Jamaican Mothers' Influences of Adolescent Girls' Sexual Beliefs and Behaviors

    The purpose of this study was to identify the ways in which urban Jamaican mothers influence their adolescent daughters' sexual beliefs and behaviors in order to incorporate them into the design of a family-based, HIV risk-reduction intervention program. Focus groups were conducted with forty-six 14- to 18-year-old adolescent girls and 30 mothers or female guardians of adolescent girls recruited from community-based organizations in and around Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica. Separate focus groups were held with mothers and daughters; each included 6 to 10 participants. …

  2. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Thai Red Cross Zidovudine Donation Programme

    A UNAIDS case study examining the Thai Red Cross zidovudine donation programme--a programme that donates zidovudine (a medication that reduces the risk for mother-to-child transmission of HIV by almost 70%). The case study examines the programme's history, its major elements, partnerships and alliances, and the lessons learned.

  3. Parents Providing Care to Adult Sons and Daughters with HIV/AIDS in Thailand

    This study provides a qualitative analysis of the circumstances and consequences of parental caregiving to adult children with AIDS in Thailand. The analysis is based on 20 open-ended interviews, mainly with parents of an adult son or daughter who died of AIDS within the few prior years. The results reveal the circumstances that lead to parental caregiving, the tasks involved and the stress, and the consequences for their emotional, social and economic well-being.

  4. Prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child: strategic options

    Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT)is by far the most significant source of HIV infection among children below the age of 15 years. The purpose of this paper is to review key issues for consideration by policy-makers and planners and to propose ways in which prevention strategies might be tailored to local conditions.

  5. Quick notes: HIV/AIDS Series: Mother to child Transmission

    Mother to child transmission is defined at HIV infection transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Mother to child transmission presents a number of dilemmas for issue of prevention and treatment: Health progress made through breastfeeding promotion is now eroded in trying to reduce the risk of HIV transmission through breast milk; Drug trials for AZT and Nevirapine highlight the ethics of preventing transmission to child in countries where drug access is not available to mother. …

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